Smart City [ Detailed Analysis - Policies & Governance ]

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A smart city is an urban development vision to integrate information and communication technology, in a secure fashion to manage a city’s assets. The city’s assets include schools, libraries, transportation systems, hospitals, power plants, water supply networks, waste management, law enforcement, and other community services.

  • The AIM of a smart city is to see the betterment of the citizens by using highly technologies and to provide the best services that meet residents’ needs.
  • The city officials are directly allowed to communicate with the community to monitor city’s involvement and enable an improvised quality of life by tackling the inefficiencies that hold a city from improvement.

Smart City in India

  • Smart city, one of the most ambitious projects of government of India targeted for 2030
  • Some definitional directives are required to guide cities in the Mission.
  • The dwellers in India have a wish list of infrastructure and services which describes the level of aspiration.
  • Fulfilling the needs of citizens requires, development of urban eco-system consisting of institutional, social, physical and economic infrastructure- the four pillars.
  • This can be a long term goal and cities can work towards developing such comprehensive infrastructure steadily.

Estimated Cost of Smart City in India  

  • The Government of India allocated INR70.6 billion (US$1.2 billion) for Smart Cities in Budget 2014–15. The initiated cost of smart city in India is said to be about 7000 crores, but it is even said that it may rise to 7000000 crores towards the end if things turn out to be difficult.
  • Arun Jaitley, the finance minister along with the ministry of finance have been guidingthe experts to work out the estimate and costing for this project 

Additional Resources for Smart Cities

  • Gol funds Rs 500 cr
  • Matching contribution by States/ ULBs: ~ Rs.500 cr
  • User Charges
  • Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs)
  • FFC recommendations (incl land based instruments)
  • Municipal bonds
  • Borrowings from bilateral and multilaterals
  • National Investment and Infrastructure Fund (NIIF)
  • Convergence with other Government schemes

Estimated Time for the Completion of the Project

As per the statement of the government, the project would take place in phases and the final phase should be completed within next two decades.

Cities and Areas under Project

Out of 100 cities only the capable cities will be chosen under the Smart Cities Mission through a two-stage competition as directed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

Stage 1

1st stage elements of Smart City Project

1st stage elements of Smart City Project

1st stage of Smart City Project

The evaluation criteria for Stage 1 of competition within the State/UT was as below:

The Cities That Were Selected In the First Stage:

1st phase of smart city project

1st phase of smart city project

S. No.

State/UT

Shortlisted Cities

1

Odisha

Bhubaneswar

2

Maharashtra

Pune

3

Rajasthan

Jaipur

4

Gujarat

Surat

5

Kerala

Kochi

6

Gujarat

Ahmedabad

7

Madhya Pradesh

Jabalpur

8

Andhra Pradesh

Visakhapatnam

9

Maharashtra

Solapur

10

Karnataka

Davangere

11

Madhya Pradesh

Indore

12

New Delhi

New Delhi

13

Tamil Nadu

Coimbatore

14

Andhra Pradesh

Kakinada

15

Karnataka

Belgaum

16

Rajasthan

Udaipur

17

Assam

Guwahati

18

Tamil Nadu

Chennai

19

Punjab

Ludhiana

20

Madhya Pradesh

Bhopal

1st stage of Smart City Project

1st stage of Smart City Project

1st stage of Smart City Project

Stage 2

2nd stage elements of Smart City Project

2nd stage elements of Smart City Project

2nd stage of Smart City Project

 The evaluation criteria for Stage 2 of competition within the State/UT were as below:

The Cities That Were Selected In the Second Stage:

2nd phase of smart city project

2nd phase of smart city project

S. No.

State/UT

Shortlisted Cities

1

Uttar Pradesh

Lucknow

2

Telangana

Warangal

3

Himachal Pradesh

Dharamasala

4

Chandigarh

Chandigarh

5

Chhattisgarh

Raipur

6

West Bengal

New Town, Kolkata

7

Bihar

Bhagalpur

8

Goa

Panaji

9

Andaman & Nicobar

Port Blair

10

Manipur

Imphal

11

Jharkhand

Ranchi

12

Tripura

Agartala

13

Haryana

Faridabad

2nd stage of Smart City Project

2nd stage of Smart City Project

2nd stage of Smart City Project

Stage 3

Total 27 cities have been selected from 12 States for the third phase based on the scores of the Smart City Challenge competition in which total 63 cities had participated.

Amritsar of Punjab state has topped the list with highest score in the competition. And five cities of Maharashtra state are  selected so, Maharashtra becomes the state with highest number of cities listed in smart cities project phase 3.

The Cities that were selected In the third Stage (rank wise):

3rd phase of smart city project

3rd phase of smart city project

S. No.

State / UT

Shortlisted Cities

1

Punjab

Amritsar

2

Maharashtra

Kalyan-Dombivili

3

Andhra Pradesh

Ujjain

4

Madhya Pradesh

Tirupati

5

Maharashtra

Nagpur

6

Karnataka

Managaluru

7

Tamil Nadu

Vellore

8

Maharashtra

Thane

9

Madhya Pradesh

Gwalior

10

Uttar Pradesh

Agra

11

Maharashtra

Nashik

12

Odisha

Rourkela

13

Uttar Pradesh

Kanpur

14

Tamil Nadu

Madurai

15

Karnataka

Tumakuru

16

Rajasthan

Kota

17

Tamil Nadu

Thanjavur

18

Sikkim

Namchi

19

Punjab

Jalandhar

20

Karnataka

Shivamogga

21

Tamil Nadu

Salem

22

Rajasthan

Ajmer

23

Uttar Pradesh

Varanasi

24

Nagaland

Kohima

25

Karnataka

Hubbali-Dharwad

26

Maharashtra

Aurangabad

27

Gujarat

Vadodara

3rd stage of Smart City Project

3rd stage of Smart City Project

3rd stage of Smart City Project

How the Project is going to be implemented Eight critical pillars of India’s Smart City Program are

Eight critical pillars of India’s Smart City Program

Eight critical pillars of India’s Smart City Program

Eight critical pillars of India’s Smart City Program

Real motive behind the project

  • The motive of smart city Yojana is not just to build multi-stored buildings but also to fulfill human needs and make their lifestyle much easier and have to put lesser effort to avail basic facilities like water, sanitation and electricity and data connectivity.
  • The project would ensure that India is made better in all spheres.
  • With the help of modern technologies some core issues like transport, energy resources, security of the people, health and hygiene are taken care of.
  • Last but not the least the project is the most ambitious projects of Indian government till date. This project would bring smart solutions to major problems within the targeted cities and towns, which will make the day to day life of the people easier, the living will, be convenient and efficient.

- Published on: September 22, 2016