Praxis II various subjects of General Science Exam by ETS

PRAXIS II General Science: Content Essays Exam

The exam is aimed to design for those individuals who wants to teach science at the secondary school level. One hour will be provided, to complete three essay questions. There will be one question on physical science, one on earth or space science and one on life science. Every question will include one or more of the following: Data analysis, systems and patterns, models, investigation and experimental design, technology and society. Your ability to discuss the influence of science and technology on society will also be tested. Knowledge of investigation, experimental design, data analysis and creating and using models will also be tested.

PRAXIS II General Science: Content Knowledge Exam

The exam is aimed to design for those individuals who wants to teach science at the secondary school level. Two hours will be provided, to complete 120 multiple choice questions. There will be 12 questions, regarding science, technology and society; 24 questions regarding earth sciences, 24 questions regarding life sciences, 48 questions regarding physical sciences and 12 questions regarding science methodology, techniques and history.

  • Science, Technology, and Society: This section will test your knowledge of medical advances, society and health awareness, consumer products, management of natural resources, human and nature induced hazards and the impact of science and technology on human affairs and the environment.
  • The Earth/Space Sciences: This section will test your knowledge of astronomy, meteorology, oceanography, historical geolog and physical geology. The astronomy section will cover the earth's seasons, time zones, units of distance, satellites, space exploration, the structure of the solar system, origins and life cycles of stars and theories regarding the origin and structure of the universe. The meteorology section will cover forecasting, maps, frontal systems, climax and climatic change; high and low pressure systems, precipitation, air masses, humidity, clouds, winds, the structure and properties of the atmosphere, along with seasonal and latitudinal variation of solar radiation. The oceanography section will cover the chemistry of seawater, the ocean floor, currents, tides and waves. The historical geology section will cover fossils, time scales, uniformitarianism, straitgraphy and the history of the earth. The physical geology section will cover minerals, rocks, earthquakes, volcanoes, weathering and erosion, plate tectonics and the hydrologic cycle.
  • Life Sciences: The life sciences section will focus on the ecology, animals, plants, evolution, genetics and the cell. Under ecology the following topics will be covered: Population and social behavior, community structure, ecosystems, energy flow and food webs, biomes, biogeochemical and chemical cycles. In the animals section the anatomy and physiology of systems, homeostasis and responses to stimuli will be covered. The structure and function of plans, roots, stems, leaves, transport systems; and sexual and asexual reproduction will be covered in the section on plants. Additional sections of this exam will cover patterns, theories, and evidence of evolution; DNA replication, human genetic disorders, genetic mutations, heredity and genetic classification, protein synthesis, Mendelian and non-Mendelian inheritance and genetic engineering. The structure function of the cell, homeostasis, cell components, mitosis, meiosis, the cell cycle and cellular bioenergetics will also be included.

PRAXIS II General Science: Content Knowledge, Part I Exam

The exam is aimed to design for those individuals who would like to teach science at the secondary school level. One hour will be provided, to complete 60 multiple-choice questions. There will be 19 questions covering earth or space science and technology and society, 13 questions covering life science, 14, covering basic scientific principles, and 14 questions covering philosophy, methodology, laboratory safety and measurement and the use of mathematics in science.

  • Earth/Space Science; Science, Technology, and Society: This section will test your knowledge of astronomy, core features of the solar system, stars, artificial satellites, space expiration and theories of the origin of the universe. The meteorology section will assess your knowledge of climates and climate change, air masses, high and low pressure systems, forecasting, maps, humidity, wind and circulatory patterns, solar radiation, seasonal and latitudinal variation and atmospheric properties. The oceanography section will assess the chemistry of seawater, the ocean floor, waves, currents and tides. Under the geology section earthquakes, volcanoes, the structure of the earth, plate tectonic theory, hydrologic cycle, erosion and depositional processes; fossils, rock formation and the history of the earth will be covered. Your knowledge of biotechnology, resource conservation, energy production, environmental and human affairs and the influence of science and technology on daily lives will also be tested in this section.
  • Life Science: Your knowledge of ecology, social behavior and population dynamics, ecosystems, food webs and energy flow and the anatomy and physiology of animals will be tested. Your understanding of series and patterns of evolution, general characteristics of life and its diversity, structure and function of plants, sexual and asexual reproduction, genetics and DNA replication, human genetic disorders and the parts of the cell will also be tested in this section.
  • Basic Principles of Science: This section will test your knowledge of atomic and nuclear structure, radio isotopes in radiation, heat, thermodynamics, thermal energy, laws of thermodynamics, structure and properties of matter, abundance of elements and conservation of mass and energy.

PRAXIS II General Science: Content Knowledge, Part II Exam

The general science exam will test your readiness to teach science at the secondary school level. One hour will be provided, to complete 60 multiple choice questions. There will be 17 questions based on science technology and society; 11 questions based on life science, 16 questions based on chemistry and 16 questions based on physics.

  • Earth Space Science: Science, Technology, and Society: This section will cover biotechnology, conservation of resources, consumer products, energy production, the impact of science and technology on daily lives and the use of science and technology in daily lives. Under the astronomy section stars, the structure of the solar system, space exploration and theories of the origin of the universe will be covered. In the meteorology section, your knowledge of climate and climatic change, forecasting, maps, frontal systems, high and low pressure systems, humidity, clouds and precipitation, seasonal and latitudinal variation of solar radiation and the structure and properties of the atmosphere will be tested. Knowledge of the ocean floor, chemistry of seawater, waves, tides and currents will be tested in the oceanography section. Fossils, minerals, earthquakes, volcanoes, plate tectonic theory and the Earth's history will be tested in the geology section.
  • Life Science: This section will cover and test your knowledge of anatomy and physiology of the animals. Food webs and energy flow, ecosystems, social behavior and population dynamics, sexual and asexual reproduction, the structure and function of roots, leaves, and stems of plants; theories of evolution, protein synthesis, genetic engineering, human genetic disorders, Mendelian and non-Mendelian inheritance, DNA replication and the structure and functions of cell.
  • Chemistry: This section will cover and test your knowledge of the periodic table, the mole and chemical bonding, the kinetic theory, states of matter, electrochemistry, endothermic and exothermic reactions, stoichiometry, inorganic compounds and solutions and solubility.
  • Physics: This section will cover and test your knowledge of Newton's law of motion, periodic, circular, projectile and straight-line motion; gravity, torque, friction, energy conservation, Archimedes principal, transformers, motors, magnetism, electrical circuits, static electricity, current electricity, electromagnetic radiation, Doppler effect, reflection, refraction, diffraction and features of transverse and longitudinal waves.