Praxis II Reading across Curriculum Exam by ETS

PRAXIS II Reading Across the Curriculum: Elementary Exam

The exam is aimed for those individuals who wants like to teach reading at the elementary school level. Two hours will be provided, to complete 60 multiple choice questions and 3 short essay questions. The first short essay question will cover reading comprehension. The second short essay question will cover environment, instruction, and reading materials. The third short essay question will cover student behavior and student assessment. Each short essay question, will count is 33 ⅓ % of the essay section grade. There will be 10 multiple-choice questions pertaining to vocabulary, spelling and word study, 8 questions pertaining to reading assessment, 12 questions pertaining to reading comprehension, 18 questions pertaining to materials, environment, and instruction and 12 questions pertaining to early literacy and language acquisition.

  • Reading Comprehension: This short essay question will focus on one or more of the following: Word study strategies, the process of reading, techniques to improve student comprehension, teaching study skills, defining words in context, helping students connect old and new information, teaching students to monitor their comprehension level, and helping students enhance their communication skills through reading and writing.
  • Environment, Instruction and Reading Materials: This short essay question will focus on one or more of the following: Teaching vocabulary, teaching spelling, enhancing student reading skills, integration of language into all subject areas, utilization of a non-current source of reading instruction, utilization of various teaching methods for reading instruction, usage of appropriate print and non print materials for reading instruction and utilization of flexible grouping to meet student needs.
  • Student Behavior and Student Assessment: This short essay question will focus on one or more of the following: Identification of informal and formal assessments, analyzing assessment results, recognition of reading difficulties, instructional strategies to eradicate reading difficulties and communicating student progress to parents and students. All of the topics will be part of the M. C. Q.
  • Vocabulary, Spelling, and Word Study: This section will test your knowledge of vocabulary teaching strategies, phonics and the ability to the code unknown words, word study strategies, sight words, the importance of spelling instruction, conceptual vocabulary and how phonemic awareness relates to reading instruction.
  • Reading Assessment: This section will focus on various types of reading difficulties and appropriate instructional techniques, communication with parents and students, self-assessment, informal reading inventories, norm referenced tests, work samples, anecdotal records, reading comprehension and letter sound relationships will be included in this section.
  • Reading Comprehension: This section will test your knowledge of the relationship between speech fluency and comprehension, development and improvement of reading comprehension, oral and silent reading, word definition strategies, modeling, questioning, scaffolding, and other techniques to enhance student understanding of the written text. Questions pertaining to the usage of instructional techniques such as: Survey, Question, Read, Recite, Review (SQ3R), Directed Activities, Thinking Activities (DA-TA), What We Know, What We Want to Know, and What We Learned (KWL) and other reading instruction techniques will be included in this section.
  • Materials, Instruction, and the Environment: Questions pertaining to the purpose of reading, improving student communication skills with reading and writing, using flexible grouping to meet student needs, increasing student reading motivation, creation of a literate environment, including parents in literacy instruction and family and peer influences on reading will be included in this section of the exam. Your knowledge of various reading curriculums, various literary genres, usage of print and non-print materials and fostering student creativity and interest in reading will be tested in this section.
  • Early Literacy and Language Acquisition: This section will focus on your knowledge of intellectual, environmental, cultural, social, emotional and physical development on language development and reading. Questions pertaining to the connection between thinking, seeing, listening, speaking, reading and writing will be included in this section of the exam. Your knowledge of cognition, learning, social interaction, communication and oral and written language development will also be assessed in this section of the exam. Questions pertaining to usage of text, cueing systems, schemata construction and reading will be included in this section of the exam. Questions pertaining to rules of grammar, semantics, syntax and phonological components will also be included in this section.

PRAXIS II Reading Across the Curriculum: Secondary Exam

The exam is aimed for those individuals who wants to teach reading at the secondary level. Two hours will be provided, to complete 60 multiple choice questions and 3 short essay questions. The first short essay questions will cover reading comprehension, the second short essay question will cover environments, instruction and reading materials and the third short essay question will cover analysis of student behavior and work. Each short essay question will count as 33 ⅓ % of the final grade for the essay section of the exam. There will be 10 multiple-choice questions, pertaining to spelling, word study and vocabulary, 8 questions pertaining to reading assessment, 12 questions pertaining to reading comprehension, 18 questions pertaining to environments, instruction and reading materials and 12 questions pertaining to early literacy and language acquisition.

  • Reading Comprehension: This section will test your knowledge of word study strategies, teaching study skills, improving student comprehension, strategies to teach word meanings, and improving student communication skills through writing and reading.
  • Environments, Instruction, and Reading Materials: This section will focus on strategies to teach vocabulary, spelling, language arts, and reading. Your knowledge of various teaching approaches, print and non-print materials, study aids and flexible grouping for students will be tested in this section.
  • Analysis of Student Behavior and Work: Questions in this section will cover utilization of appropriate formal and informal student reading assessments, and communicating with students and parents. Your knowledge of reading problems and helping students overcome them will also be tested in this section.
  • Word Study, Spelling and Vocabulary: This section will focus on teaching students to improve students reading comprehension, word study techniques, increasing vocabulary and enhancing spelling skills.
  • Reading Assessment: This section will focus on recognition of reading difficulties and helping students overcome them; interpretation of student assessments, and communicating with students and parents. Your knowledge of formal and informal assessments including: Informal Reading Assessments (IRA's), portfolio's, norm-referenced standardized tests, running records, anecdotal records and work samples will also be tested in this section.
  • Reading Comprehension: This section will focus on your knowledge of developing student fluency, increasing reading comprehension, test taking techniques and using flexible grouping to meet student needs. Your knowledge of teaching techniques such as Survey, Read, Recite, Review (SQ3R); What We Know, What We Want to Know, and What We Learned (KWL); and Directed Reading and Thinking Activities (DR-TA) will be assessed in this section of the exam. Questions pertaining to oral and silent reading, defining words through context, integration of language arts into all areas, study aids, and the role of literacy will be included in this section of the exam. Your knowledge of cultural, ethnic, peer and family influences on reading ability, and ways to increase learner motivation will be assessed in this section of the exam. Questions pertaining to instructional strategies like scaffolding, modeling and questioning techniques will be included.
  • Environment, Instruction and Reading Materials: Your ability to examine student needs, suggest appropriate level reading material, and provide opportunities for creativity will be assessed in this section of the exam. Questions pertaining to the selection of appropriate textbooks, magazines, and non-print materials and identification of the purposes of reading will be included in a section of the exam. Your knowledge of different reading instruction methodologies will also be tested in this section.
  • Early Literacy and Language Acquisition: Your knowledge of grammar, communication and the influence of environment, intellect, emotional, social, physical, and cultural factors on language development will be tested in this section. Questions pertaining to the relationship between thinking, seeing, speaking, listening, writing and reading along with cultural linguistic differences will also be included in this section. Your knowledge of language developmental theory, social interaction, and oral and written language development will be tested in this section.