PRAXIS II Teaching Foundations: Social Science Exam

The exam is aimed to test your knowledge of teaching foundations for grade 7 through 12, in the State of California. Individuals appearing for this exam are expected to be familiar with the California public schools teaching performance expectations. Four hours will be provided, to complete the 50 multiple choice questions and 2 written response questions comprising this exam. There will be 1 written response question, covering social science teaching methodology at the high school level, Other written response question will cover social science teaching methodology at the junior high school level. There will be 8 − 9 MCQs on classroom management, student assessments, reading instruction, teaching English learners, special needs and learning differences and human development.

  • Social Science Teaching Methodology at the High School and Junior High School Level: These are written response questions and will focus on monitoring student progress before, during and after instruction, strategies to enhance reading skills while teaching social sciences and working with English learners on a particular subject. Questions pertaining to adaptation of instruction to meet special needs, usage of instructional strategies, resources and activities used to facilitate student learning, and prioritization and sequencing of important skills will be covered in this section.
  • Classroom Management: This section will focus on maximizing instructional time, establishment of procedures for routine tasks, writing student discipline plans and developing expectations for student's social and academic behavior. Questions pertaining to establishing rapport with students and their families, utilizing social environments to maximize academic accomplishments and obtaining participation from all students will also be covered in this section.
  • Student Assessment: This section will focus on informal and formal student assessments, communication of student behavioral and academic strengths, interpretation of student assessments, modification of instruction and the purposes of different types of student assessments.
  • Reading Instruction: This section will focus on instructional strategies to enhance reading appreciation, reading comprehension, written and oral English language skills, and organizational patterns. Questions pertaining to literary response and analysis of different written texts and media, vocabulary development, fluency and word analysis will be included in this section. Questions pertaining to student mastery of foundational skills for utilization of language forms will be covered in this section.
  • Teaching English Learners: This section will focus on evaluation of student writing, comprehension and development of academic language, English-language developments and cultural, cognitive and individual influences on student language acquisition.
  • Special Needs and Learning Differences: This section will focus on instructional strategies for special needs students, the impact of student's health on learning and behavior, learning styles, cultural expectations and gender differences. Questions pertaining to learning disabilities, behavioral and emotional disabilities and mental retardation will be included in this section. Your knowledge of talented and gifted students, sensory, medical issues, physical challenges, visual and perceptual challenges of the exceptional student will be tested in this section.
  • Human Development: This section will focus on social, emotional, physical, moral, cognitive and physical development of adolescents. Questions pertaining to academic challenges, development of abstract thinking skills and instructional activities that relate to life after high school graduation will be covered in this section.