PRAXIS II Teaching Speech to Students with Language Impairments Exam
The exam is aimed to design for those individuals, who wants to teach students with language impairments in grades preschool through 12. Two hours will be provided, to complete 120 MCQs including 18 questions pertaining to special education, 14 questions pertaining to audiology and aural rehabilitation, 14 questions pertaining to psycho linguistics and linguistics, 44 questions pertaining to diagnoses and management of speech disorders and 25 questions pertaining to speech and language development.
- Special Education: This section will focus on the student assessment, classroom management, organizations, services and programs, legal issues, communication skills and the nature of the exceptionalities. The student assessment questions will focus on the interpretation and purpose of student assessments and, various types of student assessments. Questions pertaining to criterion referenced, curriculum based and formal and in formal assessments will be covered. Classroom management questions will cover classroom organization and student grouping, behavior modification, behavior management and applied behavioral analysis. Questions pertaining to organizations will cover advocacy, resources and cooperation of various agencies. The services and programming questions will cover cross categorical, mixed categorical and non-categorical student placements, program characteristics, continued services, the cascade model and a history of special-education. Questions pertaining to legal issues will focus on the due process, confidentiality, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act, Section 504, IDEA 04, and litigation issues. The communication skills, questions will cover communicating with team members, other professionals, students and parents. Questions pertaining to the nature of exceptionalities will cover eligibility for special education, the prevalence of exceptional students and the process of normal growth and development.
- Audiology and Aural Rehabilitation: This section will focus on the phonetics and phonology, acoustics, hearing, perception, pitch, intensity, audiological assessment, aural rehabilitation, and electronic instruments such as Language Master and visi pitch. Questions pertaining to augmentative communication methods like sign language, gestures, bliss symbols, language boards and microcomputers will be covered.
- Diagnosis and Management of Speech and Language Disorders: This section will focus on the case load, speech and language therapy, evaluation and the impact of functioning with a speech or language issue. Questions pertaining to case load will cover service delivery, scheduling and criteria for beginning and ending therapy. The therapy questions will focus on the speech and language therapy for special needs students, articulation and stuttering, therapeutic methods, documentation and data collection. Questions pertaining to evaluation will cover measurement of voice, fluency, articulation, language, speech and hearing abilities.
- Speech and Language Development: This section will focus on the foundations of speech and speech and language development. The speech foundations questions will include dialects, subcultures, English as a second language, the deaf culture, stuttering, lisps, normal speech and hearing, vocal nodules and otitis media. The language development questions will cover communication disorders and, normal speech and language development. This section will also cover the theories of language development: Nativist, cognitive, behavioral and neurological.