PRAXIS II Teaching Students with Visual Impairments Exam

The exam is aimed to design for those individuals who would like to teach students with visual impairment. Two hours will be provided, to complete 120 MCQs including 12 questions based on professional relationships, 53 questions based on planning and instruction, 12 questions based on professional ethics and legal aspects, 28 questions based on the impact of visual impairment on student's development and 15 questions based on general knowledge.

  • Professional Relationships: This section will focus on interpretation of medical and visual examination reports, networking with other teachers and team members and counseling students with visual impairment and their parents.
  • Planning and Instruction: This section will focus on learning environment structure, Braille, optical aids, technological devices, media, instructional materials, instructional methodology and programming. Questions regarding IEP development, student assessments and daily living skills for the visually impaired student will be included in this section.
  • Professional Ethics and Legal Aspects: This section will focus on ethical constraints of special education programs, visual impairment and special education terminology. Questions regarding PL 94 − 142 and federal legislation regarding visually impaired students will be covered in this section.
  • The Impact of Visual Impairments on Student Development: This section will focus on socialization and development of students with visual and other impairments. Development of visually impaired and normally sighted individuals will also be covered in this section.
  • General Knowledge: This section will focus on publications, professional organizations, visual screening methods and referrals, programs, traits or characteristics of visually impaired students, normal eye anatomy and visual disabilities. Students knowledge of special education and multiple impairments will also be tested in this section.