NTE Praxis: Psychology MCQs (Practice-Test 2 of 68)

  1. Thinking aimed at finding a single correct answer to a problem by applying knowledge and reasoning is called

    1. divergent thinking

    2. convergent thinking

    3. functional fixedness

    4. learning set

  2. Match List I (Phenomenon investigated) with List II (Researcher) and select the correct answer:

    List-I List-II
    1. TOT Phenomenon

    2. Brain stimulation neurosurgery

    3. Long-term memory

    4. Encoding specificity

    1. Wilder Penfield

    2. Tulving and Thompson

    3. Brown and McNeill

    4. Ericsson and Kintsch

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
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      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
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      • 1
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      • 2
      • 1
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      • 2
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      • 3
      • 1
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      • 4
  3. Reasoning involves the operation of reading (the recognition, knowledge, memory of words), the contents of the passage being read (the meanings of the words themselves) and the products of the reading (the understanding that the passage provides). This approach is most probably based on the intelligence theory known as

    1. Sternberg's triarchic theory

    2. Vernon's three kinds of intelligence: A, B and C

    3. Turnstone's theory of primary mental abilities

    4. Guilford's structure of intelligence model

  4. Zajonc's theory of confluence is about the relationship between birth order

    1. intelligence

    2. delinquency

    3. creativity

    4. personality

  5. Which one of the following statements illustrates the term perceptual vigilance?

    1. Lowering the perceptual threshold for stimuli one likes

    2. Raising the perceptual threshold for stimuli one likes

    3. Lowering the perceptual threshold for stimuli one dislikes

    4. Raising the perceptual threshold for stimuli one dislikes

  6. A child having Down's syndrome is likely to have IQ failing

    1. Between 110 to 130

    2. between 90 to 110

    3. between 70 to 90

    4. below 50

  7. Jensen's work on heritability of intelligence has come in for criticism for

    1. fudging of data

    2. using inappropriate research design

    3. drawing conclusions on the basis of culturally biased tests

    4. using inappropriate statistics

  8. Which one of the following statements indicates true relationship between intelligence and creativity?

    1. Intelligence and creativity have high correlation

    2. Intelligence and creativity have low correlation

    3. Intelligence arid creativity are moderately correlated

    4. Intelligence and creativity have higher correlation at lower levels than at higher levels of intelligence

  9. Which one of the following statements about Type A individuals is not correct?

    1. They are aggressive

    2. They are impatient

    3. They are very sociable

    4. They worry about deadlines

  10. Consider the following theories of personality:

    1. Trait theory

    2. Humanistic theory

    3. Psychoanalytic theory

    4. Social learning theory

    5. Neo-Freudian theories

    The correct chronological order in which they appeared is

    1. 1, 3, 2, 4, 5

    2. 1, 3, 2, 5, 4

    3. 3, 4, 1, 5, 2

    4. 3, 5, 1, 2, 4

  11. Consider the following statements regarding personality:

    1. A dwarf has an insufficiency of sections from anterior lobe of pituitary gland during early growth

    2. Sexual development and functioning are influenced by secretions from anterior lobe of pituitary gland

    3. ‘Like begets like’ provides an instance of socio-cultural influence on shaping of personality

    4. Assessing personality on the scale of introversion-. Extraversion represents the type approach of personality

    Which of the above statements are correct?

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 3 and 4

    3. 1, 2 and 4

    4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

  12. Consider the following dimensions

    1. Extraversion

    2. Neuroticism

    3. Psychoticism

    4. External locus of control

    While describing personality H J Eysenck employed

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 3 and 4

    3. 1, 2 and 3

    4. 1, 3 and 4

  13. Trait approach to personality asserts that traits are

    1. adjectives describing behaviour

    2. discrete and discontinuous categories of people

    3. generalized systems which ensure consistency in behaviour of individuals

    4. psychological categories of temperament associated with specific body physique

  14. Those who tend to be solitary, insensitive and uncaring about others are high on

    1. agreeableness

    2. assertiveness

    3. manipulation

    4. psychoticism

  15. Match List I (Main feature) with List II (Name of the theory) and select the correct answer:

    List-I List-II
    1. Grouping people into discrete behavioural categories

    2. Relative difference between one person and another on a continuous dimension

    3. Emphasis on the importance of environmental determinants of behaviour

    4. Analysis of the unconscious motives that direct behaviour

    1. Social Learning Theory

    2. Psychoanalysis

    3. Trait Theories

    4. Type Theories

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
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      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
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      • 1
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