Anthropology Syllabus for Chattisgarh Group-I Services

The Anthropology Syllabus for Chhattisgarh State Civil Services Preliminary Exam-2011 is given below. The examination will be held on 6 May 2012 (Sunday) by the Chhattisgarh Public Service Commission. Acquaint yourself with the break-up of Anthropology syllabus into various sections.

Anthropology

Paper-I

Section-I

  1. Meaning, Scope and aims of Anthropology. History of Anthropology. Relation of Anthropology with history, Sociology, Psychology, biological Sciences and Medical Sciences.

  2. Main branches of Anthropology:

    1. Social cultural Anthropology.

    2. Biological Anthropology.

    3. Archaeological Anthropology.

    4. Linguistic Anthropology.

  3. Culture: Concept, Characteristics and Functions. Ethos, eidos, Cultural relativity, superorganicness of culture, culture and civilization culture and society. Content and processes: Tradition: Great tradition and little tradition, sacred complex, universalization and parochialization, sanskritilization and westernization.

  4. Meaning of society, Community, Social group, Social Institution, Status and Role, Caste and Class, Dominant Caste.

  5. The field work tradition: Participant observation, genealogical method, schedule, questionnaire and case study.

  6. Views on organic evolution: Darwinism, Neo-Darwinism, Lamarckism, Neo-Lamarckism and Synthetic theory.

  7. Man's place among the mammals: A comparative anatomical study of primates with special reference to the anthropoid apes and man.

  8. Glaciations and inter glaciations, pluvial and inter pluvial. Causes and evidences for occurrence of the Ice-Age.

  9. General features of Europe's palaeolithic, mesolithic and neolithic. Indus Valley Civilization Origin, town planning, trade, distinctive features and decay.

  10. Methods of dating: Relative and absolute.

Section-II (A)

  1. Fossil evidence for Human Evolution: Dryopithecus, Ramapithecus, Australopithecus africanus, Homo-erectus: Pithecanthropus and Sinanthropus, Neanderthal, Homo-sapiens: Cro-magnon, Grimaldi, Chancelade.

  2. Changes brought about in man as a result of erect posture, with special reference to skull, vertebral column, Pelvic girdle and limbs, & bipedalism.

  3. Laws of heredity, Mechanism of inheritance: Role of mitotic and meiotic cell division DNA and RNA. Types of inheritance: Autosomal, sex linked.

  4. Types of twins and their importance in genetic investigations, Eugenics. Genetic counseling.

  5. Formation of Ethnic groups, Criteria for ethnic classification, Major ethinc stocks of the world and their broad sub-divisions, Ethinic elements in India, causes of human variation: Morphological, Serological and genetic.

  6. Human growth: Stages of growth, Nutrition and Development, Factors affecting growth, methods of studying growth.

  7. Applications of Anthropometry and Human genetics, Forensic Anthropology.

Section-II (B)

  1. Marriage: Defination, forms of marriage: Monogamy, Polygamy, Polyandry and Polygyny, Hypergamy and Hypogamy. Types of Preferential marriages. Brideprice, dowry, prevalent ways of acquiring mate in tribes. Types of residence: Matri-local, patri-local and neo-local, unilineal kinship system, bilineal kinship system, Double descent.

  2. Family: Definition and significance, Universality of family institutuion, Types of family. Causes for break-up of Joint family system in India.

  3. Primitive Economy: Production, Consumption and distribution. Exchange: Barter, Ceremonial exchange, reciprocity and redistribution.

  4. Distinctions between state and stateless societies, Maintenance of peace and social order in stateless societies. Other means of social control in tribal societies.

  5. Man, environment and culture, Environment as determinant of culture, cultural ecology.

  6. Social cultural evolution, Classical evolutionism, Neo-evolutionism.

  7. Diffusion, culture circle, culture area, German-Austrian deffusionstic thought, Distinctions between diffusion and tradition.

  8. Concept of social function, Malinowski's functionalism, concept of social structure. Radcliffe-Brown's structure functionalism.

  9. Patterns of culture, configurationalism, culture and human personality. Basic personality and modal personality

Paper-II

  1. Definition and Characteristics of tribe, scheduled tribe and primitive tribe, Geographical, linguistic and ethinic distribution of tribes in India.

  2. Economic classification of tribes: Hunting, Food-gathering, postoral economy, Shifting, cultivation permanent agriculture and industrial labour and their problems. Issues of forest land.

  3. Basic social institutions and main features of religion: Types. Organization and functions of youth dormitories. Marriage, phratry and moeity. Animistic and totemic beliefs and practices, magic and witchcraft, shamanism, myths.

  4. Contributions of the following anthropologists in understanding of tribal communities of India: Varrier Elwin, D N Majumdar and L. P. Vidyarthi.

  5. Tribal Problems: Land alienation, indebtedness, poverty, unemployment, illiteracy, disease and malnutrition, exploitation by people of other sections, tribal displacement and problems emerging from Govt control over forest land.

  6. Measures for tribal welfare: Constitutional and legal provisions for safeguarding tribal interests, planned socio-economic development, development programmes run by NGO's, liberalization in the forest-policy and various measures for tribal rehabilitation after displacement, introduction of parliamentary from of political institutions and the democratic decision making process in tribal societies and special administrative provision for tribal development administration.

  7. Approaches and strategies of tribal welfare: Isolation, Assimilation and Integration. SMPT, ITDP, scheduled area, tribal area, tribal subplan aganwadi and Ashram-schools.

  8. Emergence of ethnicity and quest for identity, Histoty of tribal movements, nature and relevance of contra-acculturative movements: Critical knowledge of the Birsa munda movement, the Gond movement and Baba Biharidas movement.

  9. Impact of Hindusim, Christianity and Islam on tribes. Impact of Industrialization on tribal communities.

  10. Role of Anthropology in understanding tribal situation and amelioration there of:

  11. Ethnographic profiles of the Kamar, Gonds of Bastar, Hill Korwa, Toda and Khasi tribes.