UPPSC Agriculture Syllabus
Ecology And its Relevance to man. Natural resources. Their management and conservation. Environment fac-tors of cropdistribution and production. Climatic elements as factor of crop growth. Impact of changing envi-ronment on cropping pattern. Environmental pollution and associated hazards to crops animals andhumans. Cropping pattems in different agro. Climatic zones of U. P. Impact of high yieldingand short durationvarieties on shifts in cropping patterns. Concepts of multiple cropping. Multistorey. Relay and intercroppingand their importance in relation to sustainable crop production. Package of practices for production of im-portant cereals, pulses, oilseedes, fibre, suger and cash crop grown during Kharif and Rabi seasons indifferent regions of U P important features, scopes and propagation of various type of forestry plants withreference to agro, forestry and social forestry, weeds, their characteristics, dissemination and associationwith various field crops, their multiplication, cultural biological and chemical control of weeds.
Processes and factors of soil formation, classification of Indian soils including modern concepts. Mineraland organic constituent of soils and their role in maintaining soil productivity. Problems soil, extent anddistribution in India and their reclamation. Essential plant nutrients and other beneficial elements in soilsand plants, their occurrence, factors affecting their distribution, function and cycling on soil. Symboitic andnon symbiotic nitrogen fixation. Principles of soil fertility and its evaluation for judicial fertiliser use. Soilconservation planning on water shed basis, erosion nitrogen and run off management in hillifeet hills andvalley lands; processes and factors affecting them. Dryland agriculture and its problems. Technology forstabilising agriculture production in rained agriculturea of U P
Water use efficiency in relation to crop production, criteria for scheduling irrigations, ways and means ofreducing run off losses of irrigation water. Drainage of water-logged soils. Form management scope impor-tance and characteristics, farm planning and budgeting. Economics of different types of farming systems. Marketing and pricing of agriculture inputs and outputs, price fluctuations and their cost, role of co-opera-tives in agricultural economy, types and system of farming and factors affecting them. Agricultural exten-sion, its importance and role, method of evaluation of extension programmes, diffusion, communication andadoption of innovations, people's participation and production and motivation, Farm mechanization and itsrole in agricultural production and rural employment Training programme for extension workers and farmers, Extension systems and programmes. Training & Visits, KVK, KGK, NATP and IVLP.
Heredity and variation, Mendel's law of inheritance, Chromosomal theory of inheritance. Cytoplasmic inherit-ance. Sex linked, Sex influenced and sex limited charecters. Spontaneous and induced mutations. Role ofchemicals in mutation. Origin and domestication and field crop. Morphological patterns of venetions in vari-eties and related species of important field crop. Cause and utilization of variation in crops improvement. Application of the principles of plant breeding to the improvement of major field crops, methods of breedingto self and cross-pollinated crops, Introduction, selection, hybridization, Male sterlity and self incompatibil-ity, utilizator of mutation and polyploidy in breeding. Seed technology and its importance production, pro-cessing, storage and testing of seeds. Role of national and state seed organization in production, Process-ing and marketing of improved seeds. Physiology and its significance in agriculture, physical properties andchemical constitution of protoplasm, inhibition, surface tension, diffusion and osmosis, absorption and trans-location of water, transpiration and water economy.
Enzymes and plant pigments, Photosynthesis-modern concepts and factors effecting the process, aerobicand anaerobic respiration, Growth and development. Photoperiodisms and vernalization. Plant growth regula-tors and their mechanism of action & importance in crop production.
Climatic requirements and cultivation of major fruits and vegetable crops; package of practices and thescientific basis for the same. Pre and post harvest physiology of fruits and vegetables. Principle method ofpreservation of fruits and vegetables, Processing techniques and equipment. Landscape and Floricultureincluding raising of ornamental plant. Design and layout of lawns and gardens, Diseases and pests of veg-etables, fruits and plantation crops of U P and measures to control plant diseases, integrated managementof pests and diseases. Pesticides and their formulations, plant protection equipment, their care and mainte-nance. Storage pest of cereals and pulses, hygiene of storage, godowns, preservation and remedialmeasures, Food production and consumption trends. In India, National and International food policies, Pro-curements, distribution, processing and production constraints.