UPPSC Chemistry Syllabus
Atomic Structure: Bohr's model and its limitation de Broglie equation, Heisenberg's suncertainty principle, quantum mechanical operators and the Schrodinger wave equation, physical significance of wave functionand its characteristics (normalized orthogonal), radial distribution and shapes of s. p. d. And f-orbitals, par-ticle in a one-dimensional box, quantisation of electronic energies (qualitative treatment of hydrogen atom). Paul's Exclusion principle. Hund's rule of maximum multiplicity, Aufbau principle, Electronic configuration ofatoms, Long form of periodic table including translawrencium elements. Periodicity in progerties of the ele-ments such as atomic and ionic radionization potential election affinity, electronegativity and hydration en-ergy.
Nuclear and Radiation Chemistry: Sructure of nucleus (shell model), nuclear forces, nuclear stability-NPration, nuclear binding energy Kinetics, detection and measurement of radioactivity, Artificial transmutationof elements and nuclear reactions, nuclear fission & fusion, radioactive isotopes and their applications. Radio cartoon dating, Elementary ideas of radiation chemistry, radiolysis of water and aqueous solution, unitof radiation, chemical yield (G-value), Fricke's dosimetry. Chemical Bonding: Valence bond theory (Heitier-London and Pauling-Slater theories), hybridization, VSEPR theory and molecular orbital energy lever dia-grams, for homo and hetro nuclear diatomic molecules, bond order, bond length and bond strength, signa-and p-bonds, hydrogen bond, characteristics of covalent bond. Chemistry of s-and p-block elements: General properties of s-and p-block elements, chemical reactivity of elements and group trends. Chemicalbehaviour with respect of their hybrids, halidas and oxides. Chemistry of Transition Elements: GeneralCharacteristics, variable oxidation stases, complex formation, colour, magnetic and catalytic properties. Comparative study of 4d and 5d transition elements with 3d analogues with respect to their ionic radil, oxidation stasis and magnetic properties. Chemistry of Lanthanides and Actinides: Lanthanide contrac-tion, oxidation stasis, Principles of separation of lanthanides and actinides. Magnetic and spectral proper-ties of their compounds. Coordination Chemistry: Werner's Theory of coordination compounds. IUPACsystem of nomenclature, effective atomic number (EAN) Isomerism in coordination compounds. Valencebond theory and its limitations. Crystal held theory, Crystal held splitting of d-orbitals in octahedral, tetrahe-dral and square planer complexes. Eq and factors affecting its magnitude, calculation of Crystal heldstabilisation energies (CFSE) for d1 to d9 week and strong field, octahedral complexes, spectrochemicalseries. Electronic spectre of d-transition metal complexes, types of electronic transitions, selection rulesfor electronic transitions, Spectroscopic ground states for d1 to d10 systems. Bio-Inorganic Chemistry: Essential and trace elements in biological processes, Metalloporphyrins with special reference to haemoglo-bin and myoglobin, Biological role of alkali and alkaline earth metal ions with special reference to Ca2 +. Preparation, Properties and Uses of the following Inorganic Compounds: Heavy water, boric acid, diborane, hydrazine, hydroxylamine, potassium dicromate, potassium permanganate, Ce (IV) sulphate and titanium (III) sulphate, Polymers: Molecular weight of polymers by sedimentation light scattering viscosity andosmotic pressure. Number average and weight average molecular weights, elasticity and crystallinity of polymers. Borazines: Sillicons and phosphonitrillic halide polymers. Chemical Thermodynamics: Thermo-dynamic functions, Laws of thermodynamics and their applications to various physico-chemical process. Concept of chemical potential. Glibbs Duhem equation, Classius-Clapeyron equation, thermodynamic treat-ment of colligative properties. Chemical Kinetics: Order and molecularity of a reaction Rate laws, methodsfor determining the order of a reaction. Energy of activation, Colision theory of reaction rate. Steady state approximations. Transition state, theory of reaction rates, consecutive and side reactions. Phase Equilib-ria: Phases, components, degrees of freedom, phase diagram of one and two component systems, Nearestdistribution law, Applications of distribution law. Electrochemistry: Theory of strong electrolytes. Debye-Hucket theory of activity coefficient laws of electrolytic conduction, transport number determination of transportnumber (Hittorts and moving boundary method). Applications of conductance for determining the solubilityand solubility products, Ionic equilibria, ionic product of water, pH, acid-base indicators, common ion effect, buffer solubility buffer index, buffer capacity solubility product and applications in analysis. Solid State Chemistry: Classification of solids, seven crystal systems, elements of symmetry in crystals, space lat-tice and unit cell, classification of crystals on the basis of bond types ionic solids, metalic solids, covalentsolids, and molecular solids. The close packing of spheres, hexagonal close ionic solids, metalic solids, covalent solids, and molecular solids. The close packing of spheres, hexagonal close packing, cubic closepacking and body centered cubic packing, coordination number and radius ratio effect. Bargg's law of X-raydiffraction, powder pattern method, crystal structure of NaCI and KCI. Surface Chemistry: Stability of andorigin of charge on colloids, Electrokinetic potential. Physical and chemical absorption, various types ofadsorption isotherms. Hormogenous and heteterogeneous catalysis enzyme catalysis (Michelis-Menton) equa-tion. Molecular Spectra: Rotational Spectra Rigid and non-rigid rotator models. Determination of bond dis-tance of diatomic molecules, linear triatomic molecules isotopic substitution. Vibrational-Rotational Spectra: Hormonic and anthormonic vibrations, vibrational energies of diatomic molecules, zero point energy, evalu-ation of force constant. Fundamental frequencies, overtones, trot bands, degrees of freedm of polyatomicmolecules. Concept of group frequencies. Raman Spectra: Raman effect stokes and antistokes fines andtheir intensity difference. Rule of mutual exclusion. Electronic Spectra: Electronic transitions, Frank con-dom Principle, Phosphorescene and fluorescence.
General Organic Chemistry: Electronic displacement inductive, electromeric and mesmoeric effects, Con-jugation and hyperconjugation, Resonance and its application to organic compounds, Electrophlies, nuclephlies, carbocations, carbanions and free radical. Organic acids and bases. Effects of structure on the strength oforganic acids and bases. Hydrogen bond and its effect on the properties of organic compounds. Concepts of Organic Reaction Mechanism: Mechanism of addition, substitution, elimination, reactions and molecular rearranagements, Mechanism of Electrophilic and nucleophilic automatic substitution. Mechanism of the following reactions: Aldol condensation, Claims condensation Beckmann rearrangement, Perkin reaction, Reiner-Tiemann reaction, Cannizaro's reaction, Friedel Craft's reaction, Refonnatisky's reaction and Wagner-Meerwein rearrangement. Aliphatic Compounds: Chemistry of simple organic compounds belonging to following classeswith special reference to the mechanisms of the reactions involved therein, alkanes, alkenes, alkynes alkyl, halides, alcohol, ethers, thiols aldehydes, ketones, a busnaltruated carbonyl compounds, acids and theirderivatives, amines, aminoacids, hydroxy acids, unsatuarated acids and diabasic acids, Synthetic uses ofmalonic easier acetoaceliceasier, Gridnand's reagent, carbene, diazomelhane and phosphoranes. Carbohy-drates: Classification, configuration and general reaction of simple mono saccharides. Ozone formation, mutarotation, pyranose and furanose structures. Chain lengthening and chain shortening in aidoses andKethses. Interconversion of glucose and fructose. Stereochemistry and conformations: Elements of sym-metry, optical and geometical isomerism in simple organic compounds. Absolute configuration (R & S); confugations of geometrical isomers, E & Z notations, Conformation of mono and distributed cyciohexnaes. Boat and chair forme, Aromatic Compounds: Modern structure of benzene; Concept of aromaticity. Hucklerule and its simple application to non-benezenoid aromatic compounds. Activating and deactivating effect ofsubsituent groups, directive influence. Study of the compounds containing following groups attached to thealky and benzene ring halogen, hydroxy, nitro and amino groups. Sulphonic acids, benzaldelyde, salicydehyde, acetophenone, Benzoic, salicyclic, phithalic, cannamic and mandelic acids. Naphthalene & Pyri-dine: Synthesis, structure and important reations. Alkaloids: General methods of structure elucidation ofalkaloids, chemistry of nicotine. Organic Polymers: Mechanism of polymerization, polymers of industrialimportance, synthetic fibers, Chemistry of Living Cells: A Brief introduction, chemical constituents, cellmembraines, acid base balance, Diffusion and active transport. Donnan membranes equilibria. Enzymes and Coenzymes: Nomenclature and characteristics, factors which affect enzyme activity. NMR Spectroscopy: Principle of PMR, chemical shift, spin-spin coupling, interpretation of PMR spectra of simple organic mol-ecules, Evaluation of analytical Data: Errors, accuracy and precision, Relative and standard deviationrejection of doubtful, observations, t-test, Q-test. Solvent Extraction: Distribution law, Craigs concept ofcounter-current distribution, important solvent extraction systems. Chromatography: Classification of Chromatographic techniques, general principles of absorption, partition exchange, paper and thin layer chroma-tography. Environmental Chemistry: Air pollutants and their toxic effects, depletion of ozone layer effects of oxides of nitrogen, flurochlorocarbons and their effect on ozone layer, Greenhouse effect. Acid rain.