UPPSC Defence Studies Syllabus

Paper-1

Section-A

Evolution of Strategic thoughts

  1. Concpet and theories of Conflict

    1. Origin, perceptions, processes, escalation, goal achivement, etc, ofconflicts fn human social relation and its relevance to international conflict.

    2. Conflict as War: Statebehaviour, causes, correlates, domestic sources, glogal structural sources, commencement and termina-tion, negotiation, ecology of warfare etc.

    3. Concepts of war and Its relation with politics: Classicalthought and trends from Mechiaveli to Nuclear Age.

  2. It Includes

    1. Kautilya's philosophy of war and his strategiccontribution.

    2. Suntzu's thoughts on war.

    3. Thoughts of Jomini and Clausewitz on Strategy, Tactics, Logistics, Principles of War and Nature of War

  3. War and industrial sociely with reference to the views ofMarx Engles.

  4. Concepts and Theories of Revolutionary War and Guerrilla Warfare with reference to theviews of Lenin, Mao to tung, Che Guevara, Regis Denbray and Giap.

  5. Economic Bases of military power:

    1. Economics of war.

    2. Linkages between commercial, financial, industrial, economic and politic; mili-tary strengths and weaknesses of a nation-state.

    3. Arms trace and theory of donor-recipient behaviour.

    4. Post-war economy and reconstruction.

  6. Theories of Land, Sea and Air warfare:

    1. Theories of landwarfare with reference to mobile defence, use of tank and machine, warfare and propounded by Liddeli Hastand J. F. C Fuller.

    2. Views of A. T. Mahan on the elements of sea power and naval strategy.

    3. Continentaldoctrine of sea power.

    4. Heartland theiroes of Halford Mackinder.

    5. Heartland theories based on National Power.

    6. Theories of Air power as propounded by G. Douhet, Mitchell and Alexander de Seversky.

Section-B

  1. German Concept of total war with reference to the views of Luideadroff; German strategy in theMachine Age.

  2. Military strategy of Allied Powers during the World War II

  3. Soviet military strategy withreference to the views of Lenin Trosky, Stalin and V D Sokolovsky.

  4. Concept and theories of deter-rence:

    1. Concepts and theories of conventional deterrence.

    2. Concept and theories of nuclear deter-rence with reference to the views of Liddell Hart, Andre Beaufre, Y Harkavi and Henry Kissinger.

  5. Concepts of Disarmament.

  6. Concept and theories of Arms Control and Disarmament.

  7. Concept andthe theories of ‘Peace keeping’ and Peace building.

  8. Theories of Conflict Resolution, Methods ofConflict Resolution, Gandhian teachniques of Conflict Resolution.

Paper-II

Section-A

  1. Conceptual framework of National Security in the contemporary strategic thinking.

  2. Evolution ofNational Security thinking and problematics.

  3. Theories of National Power.

    1. Definitive framework of National Power.

    2. The impression of Power as a concept.

    3. Power profile of nation stases.

    4. Non-Power influence.

    5. Elements of National Power

      1. Tangible elements: Geography, Population, Extentof Territory. Natural Resources, Industrial Compacity, Financial Capability, Scientific and Technological Capability, Military Capability.

      2. Intangible elements: Leadership. Bureaucratic and Organizational Efficiency. Type of Government, Social and Ethnic cohasiveness, National, Character and Requtation, National, Morale, Public Support.

  4. Concept and models of International Security.

    1. Conceptual framework of International Security during the Cold War and Post Cold War Periods.

    2. Balance of Power

    3. Collective Security

    4. Collective Defence

    5. Non-Alignment.

  5. Concept and theories of conventionaland nuclear deterrence.

  6. It Includes

    1. Arms proliferation as constraint to National. Regional and International Security.

    2. Prospects for Arms control.

  7. International Terrorism: Concept and dimensions.

  8. Insurgency and Counter-Insurgency: Concepts and dimensions.

  9. Co-relation between Foreign, Defenceand Domestic policies.

  10. Historical Legacy, Geo-political and Geo Strategical consideration of India's Security.

Section-B

  1. National Security Problematics And India Quest For Security:

    1. India is the worldstrategic arena; Contemporary trends.

    2. India's quest for security Vis-avis Pakistan (till-date); Pakistan'sconventional nuclear and missile programmes and their impact no India defence, India's options.

    3. India-China boundary dispute; Positions and Polemics: Efforts for the settlement of boundary dispute; framework of Cooperative Security between India and China.

    4. India's mutuality of strategic and otherinterests with Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Mayanmar, Srilanka, Maldives and Afganistan.

    5. Role of extra-regional power in the Post-Cold War South Asian strategic milieu and India's security considerations.

    6. Need of Confidence and Security Building Measures'for India and its South Asia neighbours.

  2. Science, Technology and India's Security:

    1. India's scientific and technological base for National Defence.

    2. Need for India's integrated science policy.

    3. India's defence industrialization and achievements.

    4. Indian's Research and Development (R&D)

  3. INDIA's NUCLEAR POLICY AND OPTIONS:

    1. IndiA'sneed for Nuclear power.

    2. India's Nuclear break throughs.

    3. India's nuclear options in a nuclearisedworld.

  4. Indian Ocean and India's Security Considerations:

    1. Strategic mileu in and aroundthe Indian Ocean region

    2. India's security problems in relation to the Indian Ocean region

    3. Indian'smaritime security and its needs for naval power projections

  5. India's over-all security perspectivesand defence preparedness.

  6. International Security of India:

    1. Harmful internal; threats andchallenges-diminution of social and ethnic cohesiveness. Communalism, linguistic differences; regionalism: Rise of ethno nationalism. Poor governability and political instability, corruption in the various walks of National life overpopulations and ethnic migration across the borders rising but frustrated expectations ofpeople at the root of insecurity; ecological imbalances and economic problems.

    2. Low Intensity Conflicts (LIC) in India with special reference to Jammu & Kashmir and North-East region.

    3. Identification of theproblems of Internal Security and conditions for the use of military; pros and cons.

    4. imperatives of comprehensive National Security-Strategy.