UPPSC Geography Syllabus



Physical Geography

  1. Geomophology: Origin and structure of the earth, Earth movements Plate tectomics and Mountain Build-ing: Isostasy; Vulcansim; Weathering and Erosion; Cycle of Erosion, Evolution of landforms; fluvial, glacial, acolion, marine and Karst Rejuvenation and Polycyclic Land form features.

  2. Climatology: Compositionand structure of atmoshphere, Insolation and Heat Budget; Atmospheric pressure and winds, Moisture andPrecipitation; Airmasses and Fronts; Cyclone; Origin; Movements and associated weather, Classification ofworld climates; Koopen and Thomthwaite.

  3. Oceanography: Configuration of Ocean floor, Salinity OceanCurrents, Tides; Ocean deposits and coral reefs.

  4. Soil and Vegetation: Soils-geneisis; classification andworld distribution, Soil Vegetation Symbiosis: Biotic Communities and Succession.

  5. Ecosystem: Conceptof Ecosystem, structure and fuctioning of Ecosystem. Types of Ecosystem, Major Biomes, Man's impact onthe ecosystem and global ecological issues.


Human Geography

  1. Evolution of Geography Thought: Contributions of German, French, British, Soviet and Indian Geogra-phers: Changing Paradigms of Man Environment Relationship impact of Positivism and Quantitative revolu-tion; models and systems in geography, Recent trends in geographic thought with special reference toradical, behavioural phenomenological and ecological paradigms.

  2. Human Geography: Human habitat inmajor natural regions: Emergence of Man and Races of Mankind; Cultural evolution and stages; Major cul-tural realsm. Growth and Distribution of population; Intermational migration population. Demorgraphic Transi-tion and contemporary population problems.

  3. Settlement Geography: Concept of Settlement Geography; Rural settlement; Nature; Origin, Types and pattern, conecept of Urban settlement. Patterns, Processesand consequences of Urbanisation; Central place theory; classification of town; Hierarchy of urban centres. Morphology of Town; Rural Urban nexus; Uniand and urban finges.

  4. Economic Geography: Fundamentalconcepts. Concepts of Resources; Classification, Conservation and Management Nature and Types of Agri-culture; Agricultural land use location theories; World agricultrual regions; Major crops: Mineral and PowerResources Occurrence, Reserve, utilization and procduction patterns, World Energy crisis and search foralternatives. Industries-Theories of Industrial location, Major industrial regions; Major Industries-Iron &Steel, Paper, Textiles, Petro-Chemicals, Automobiles, Ship building; their location patterns. InternationalTrade; Trade Blocks, Trade routes. Ports and global trace centres. World Economic Development Patterns. Concepts of and approaches to Sustainable Development.

  5. Political Geography: Concept of Nation andstate; Frontiers, Boundaries and Buffer zones; Concepts of Heartland and Rimland Federalism, Contempo-rary world geopolitical issue.



Geography of India

  1. Physical Features: Geological systems and structure: Relief and drainage, soils and natural vegetation; soil degradation and deforestation. Origin and mechanism of Indian Monsoon; Climatic regionalisation; Physi-ographic regionlisation

  2. Human Feature: Distribution and growth of population; structural characteristicsof population-temporal-regional variations. Regional rural settlements patterns and village morphaology. Ur-ban Settlement; Classfication of Indian Cities-location, functional, hierarchcality regions Urban morophology, urbanisastion and urban policy.

  3. Agriculture: Infrastructure; irrigation, power, fertilizer use, mechaniza-tion; Regional characteristics of agricultural land use, problem of westelands and their reclamation, Crop-ping patterns and intensity; Agricultural Efficiency and Productivity, Impact of Green revolution; Agriculturalregions with special reference to agroecological conditions. Land reforms and agrarian prob lems Crop Com-binations and agricultural regionalisation. Modernisation of Agriculture and agricultural planning.

  4. Mineraland Power Resources: Locational patterns, Reserves and Production trends; Complementarily of minerals. Power resources; Coal petroleum, hydro power, Mulitipurpose river valley projects; Energy crisis and searchfor alternatives.

  5. Industries: Industrial Development, Major industries-non & steel. Textiles, paper Ce-ments, Fertilizers Sugar, Petro-chemicals, industrial Complexes and Regions.

  6. Transport and Trade: Networks of railways and roads, Problems and prospects of Civil aviation and water transport; inter-regionalcommodity flows; International trace, policy and flow patterns. Major ports and trace centres.

  7. RegionalDevelopment and Planning: Problems of regional development and spatial planning strategies: Geographicand Planning regions; Planning for metropolitan, tribal, hilly, drought-prone regions and watershed manage-ment. Regional disparities in development and policies in five year Plans: Planning for Eco-Development.

  8. Political Economy: Historical Perspective on Unity and diversity. States reorganisation; Regional con-sciousness and national integration geographical basis on centre-state relations. International boundariesof India and related geo-political issues. India and the geopolitics of Indian ocean. India and the SAARC.