UPPSC Geology Syllabus


  • General Geology, Geology, Geomorphology, Strucutral Geology, Palaontology and Stratigraphy.
  • General Geology: Energy in relation to goedynamic activities, Origin and interor of the Earth. Dating ofrock by various methods and age of the earth, Radio-activity and its application to geological problems, Volcanoes-causes and products, volcanic belts. Earthquakes-causes, effects, distribution and its relationto volcanic belts. Geosynclines and their classification, island arcs, deep sea trenches and mid-oceanicridges, sea-floor spreading and plate tectonics, isostasy. Mountains-types and origin. Origin of continentsand oceans. An outline of continental drift.
  • Geomorphology: Basic concepts and significance, Geomorphic process as and parameters, Geomor-phic cycles and their interpretation, Relief features, topography and its relation to structures and lifhology. Major landforms, Drainage system, geomorphic features of Indian subcontinent.
  • Structural Geology: Stress and strain, ellipsoid and rock deformation, Mechanics of folding and faulting linear and planer suructuresand their genetic significance. Petrofobric analysis, its graphic representation and application to geologicalproblems. Tectonic farme work of India
  • Palaeontology: Micro and macro-fossils. Modes of preserva-tion and utility of fossils. General idea about classification and nomenclature. Organic evolution and thehearing of palaeontological studies on it. Morphology, classification and geological history including evolu-tionary trends of brachiopods, bivalves, gastropods, ammonoids, trilobites, echinoids and corals. Principal groups of vertebrates and their main morphological characters. Vertebrate life through ages. Dinosaurs. Detailedstudy of evolution of horses, elephants and man Gondwana flora and its importance. Type of microfossilsand their significance with special reference to petroleum exploration.
  • Stratigraphy: Principles of stratig-raphy, stratigraphic classification, nomenclature standard, stratigraphical scale, Detailed study of variousgeological system of Indian sub continent during geological past. Paleogeographic reconstructions.


  • Crystallography, Mineralogy, Petrology and Economic Geology
  • Crystallography: Crystalline and non-Crystalline substances, space groups. Lattice symmetry, Classifi-cation of crystals into 32 classes of symmetry. Intentional system of crystallographic notation Use of ste-reographic projections to represent crystal symmetry. Twinning and twin laws, Crystal irregularities. Applica-tions of X-rays for crystal studies.
  • Optical Mineralogy: General principles of optics, intropism andanisotropism, concepts of optical indicatrix, pleochroism, Birefringence and interference colours and extinc-tion. Optical orientation in crystals. Dispersion optical accessories.
  • Mineralogy: Elements of crystalchemistry, types of bondings, ionic radil, coordination number, inomorphism, polymorphism andseudoumorphism, structural classification of silicates. Detailed study of rock forming minerals, their physi-cal chemical and optical properties and uses, if any. Study of the alteration products of these minerals.
  • Petrology: Magma its generation, natural and composition, simple phase diagrams binary and temary sys-tems and their significance, Bowen's Reaction principle, Magmatic differentiation and assimilation. Textureand structure and their pertogenetic significance. Classification of igneous rocks. Petrography and petro-genesis of important rock types of India, granites, alkaline rocks, chamockites anorthosite and Deccanbasalts. Process of formation of sedimentary rock, Diagenesis and lithification. Textures and structures andtheir petrogenectic, significance. Classification of sedimentary rocks, clastic and non-clastic. Heavy minaralsand their significance, Elementary concept of depositional environments, sedimentry, facies and provenance. Petrography of common rock types. Metamorphic processes and types of meyamorphism. Metamorphic grades, zones and facies ACF, AKF and AFM diagrams. Textures, structures and nomenclature of metamorphicrock, Petrography and petrogenesis of important rock types.
  • Economic Geology: Ore, mineral and gangue, tenor of ores, Processes of formation of mineral deposits. Common forms and structures of ore deposits. Classification of ore deposits. Control of ore deposition. Metallogenetic epochs. Study of important metallif-erous and non metalliferous deposits, oil and natural gas fields, and coal fields of India, Mineral wealth ofIndia. Mineral economics. National mineral poficy. Conservation and utilisation of minerals.
  • Applied Ceology: Essentials of prospecting and exploration techniques. Principal methods of mining. Sampling, ore dressingand mineral benefication. Geolgical considerations in Engineering works; Dams, Tunnels, Bridges and roads. Elements of soil and groundwater geology and geochemistry. Use of aerial photographs and satellite imag-eries in geological investigations.