Competitive Exams: Geography MCQs (Practice-Test 52 of 118)

  1. On an aerial photograph, symbol ‘+’ denotes which one of the following?

    1. Collimating marks

    2. Principal points

    3. Plumb point

    4. Iso-centre

  2. Among the following environmental pollutants, which one leads to the occurrence of acid rain?

    1. Carbon dioxide

    2. Hydrogen peroxide

    3. Carbon monoxide

    4. Sulphur dioxide

  3. With reference to contours used for mapping the terrain, consider the following statements:

    1. Contours are horizontal to the dip of the land and perpendicular to the direction in which the surface water runs.

    2. Steeper the slope, farther the contour.

    3. Contours bend up-stream while crossing a river.

    4. Contours do not show up minor relief features.

    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 1, 3 and 4

    3. 2, 3 and 4

    4. 1, 2 and 4

  4. While travelling from north to south along the east coast of China, which one of the following is the correct sequence of the given Chinese cities?

    1. Shanghai-Guangzhou-Harbin-Beijing

    2. Harbin-Beijing-Shanghai-Guangzhou

    3. Shanghai-Beijing-Harbin-Guangzhou

    4. Harbin-Guangzhou-Shanghai-

    Beijing

  5. For the purpose of identification of backward areas in India, which one of the following is not a measure of identification?

    1. Percentage of Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe to the total population of the area

    2. Ratio of population to the cultivable waste land

    3. Ratio of urban to rural population

    4. Percentage of working force engaged in agriculture

  6. In the given map, four cities viz. A. Bordeaux, B. Lyons, C. Marseilles and D. Paris are marked with numbers. Match them and select the correct answer using the code given below: A B C D

    1. 1 2 3 4

    2. 1 3 2 4

    3. 4 2 3 1

    4. 4 3 2 1

  7. Consider the following statements in respect of formation of landforms in India:

    1. Structurally, the Meghalaya Plateau is an extended part of the Deccan Plateau.

    2. The Valley of Kashmir was formed in a synclinorium.

    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

    1. 1 only

    2. 2 only

    3. Both 1 and 2

    4. Neither 1 nor 2

  8. Who of the following was the first scientific geographer who ascertained the length of equator on sound principles?

    1. Herodotus

    2. Hecataeus

    3. Anaximander

    4. Eratosthenes

  9. Consider the following statements:

    1. Columbus estimated that Asia must lie very close to Europe on the west on the basis of the work of Ptolemy.

    2. Strabo gave a correct explanation of the floods of the Nile, attributing them to the heavy rains in Ethioipia.

    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

    1. 1 only

    2. 2 only

    3. Both 1 and 2

    4. Neither 1 nor 2

  10. Who among the following was the first to distinguish between general geography and special geography and to show the mutual dependence of these approaches?

    1. Varenius

    2. Kant

    3. Humboldt

    4. Strabo

  11. Who among the following rejected the teleological Idea of final causes and insisted that explanations must be sought in what is chronologically antecedent and in this view, opposed Linnaeus and Leibniz but supported and amplified the ideas of Hume and Goethe?

    1. Varenius

    2. Kant

    3. Humboldt

    4. Ratzel

  12. Consider the following statements:

    1. Humboldt gave the first scientific description of the relation of altitude, air temperature, vegetation and agriculture in tropical mountains.

    2. Ritter developed the concept that continental climates are colder in winter and warmer in summer than the climates at places near the oceans at the same latitude.

    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

    1. 1 only

    2. 2 only

    3. Both 1 and 2

    4. Neither 1 nor 2

  13. Consider the following statements:

    1. Ritter saw in all his geographical studies the evidence of God's plan.

    2. All the volumes of the Die Erdkunde completed by Ritter covered only Africa and a part of Asia.

    3. Like Humboldt, Ritter's great work was largely put together on the basis of his own observations.

    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    1. 1 and 2, only

    2. 1 and 3, only

    3. 2 and 3, only

    4. 1, 2 and 3

  14. Consider the following statements:

    1. Ellen Simple accepted the Ritzel's ideas about the state as an organism and introduced them to America.

    2. Ellen Simple published her first professional article dealing with the role of the Appalachians as a barrier in

    American history.

    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

    1. 1 only

    2. 2 only

    3. Both 1 and 2

    4. Neither 1 nor 2

  15. Consider the following statements: Behaviorism refers to

    1. spatial behaviour of people.

    2. spatial perception.

    3. spatial experience and imagination.

    4. mental maps.

    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 1 and 3

    3. 2 and 3

    4. 3 and 4