Competitive Exams: Medical Science MCQs (Practice-Test 114 of 135)

  1. Consider the following statements: Ascites in cirrhosis of liver is due to

    1. portal hypertension.

    2. hypoalbuminaemia.

    3. inappropriate ADH secretion.

    4. secondary hyperaldosteronism.

    Of these statements

    1. 1, 2 and 3 are correct

    2. 1, 2 and 4 are correct

    3. 2, 3 and 4 are correct

    4. 1, 3 and 4 are correct

  2. Consider the following statements about Helicobacter pylori:

    1. Gastric colonisation with H. Pylori has been reported in 90 to 95% of patients with duodenal ulcer.

    2. H pylori resides in the mucus gel coating the epithelial cells of the stomach.

    3. H pylori resides in the normal duodenal mucosa.

    4. Triple therapy with amoxycillin, metronidazol and bismuth is useful in H pylori eradication

    Of these statements:

    1. 1 and 3 are correct

    2. 1, 3 and 4 are correct

    3. 1, 2 and 4 are correct

    4. 2 and 4 are correct

  3. Which of the following are sets of indices of nutritional status in protein energy malnutrition?

    1. Serum albumin, serum transferrin, triceps, skin fold thickness.

    2. Serum thyroxine, growth hormone, insulin Jevels.

    3. Absolute lymphocyte count, Anergy to recall antigens.

    4. Myocardial mass. Select the correct answer

      1. 3 and 4

      2. 1, 2, 3 and 4

      3. 1 and 3

      4. 1 and 2

  4. Consider the following statements. In diabetic nephropathy

    1. glomerular filtration rate is increased in early stages.

    2. there may be diffuse and nodular glomerular lesions.

    3. enalapril prevents progression of renal disease.

    4. hypertension is rare in the presence of nephrotic range proteinuria.

    Of these statements

    1. 1, 2 and 3 are correct

    2. 1, 3 and 4 are correct

    3. 2, 3 and 4 are correct

    4. 1, 2 and 4 are correct

  5. Somogyi effect is:

    1. Ketosis induced sinsulin resistance

    2. Hyperglycaemia and ketosis produced by counter-regulaton harmones

    3. Paradoxical hypoglycaemia after glucose load

    4. Inability to appreciate symptoms of hypoglycaemia

  6. Consider the following statements: Poliomyelitis

    1. is caused by enteroviruses.

    2. vaccine for oral use consists of live attenuated viruses.

    3. may occasionally result in autonomic dysfunction.

    Of these statements

    1. 1 and 2 are correct

    2. 1 and 3 are correct

    3. 1, 2 and 3 are correct

    4. 2 and 3 are correct

  7. Consider the following statements about schizophrenia:

    1. It may be familial

    2. It has better prognosis if it has an early age onset

    3. Echolalia is a prominent feature

    4. Insidious onset is associated with poor prognosis.

    Of these statements

    1. 1, 2 and 3 are correct

    2. 2, 3 and 4 are correct

    3. 1, 3 and 4 are correct

    4. 1, 2 and 4 are correct

  8. The surgical treatment of abdominal injuries includes all the following EXCEPT:

    1. A generous mid-line incision

    2. Obtaining haemostasia as the first priority

    3. Kocherization of the duodenum.

    4. Exploration of pelvic and retropertioneal haematoma

  9. Consider the following statements regarding carcinoma of stomach:

    1. Lesser curvature is more often involved as compared to greater curvature.

    2. Hyperchlorhydria is present.

    3. Metastatic deposits may occur on the surface of ovaries

    Of these statements

    1. 1 and 2 are correct

    2. 3 alone is correct

    3. 1, 2 and 3 are correct

    4. 1 and 3 are correct

  10. Bilroth I is the Surgical procedure lot

    1. distal partial gastrectomy

    2. distal partial gastrectomy + gastroduodenostomy

    3. distal partial gastrectomy + gastrojejunostomy

    4. gastrojejunostomy

  11. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer

    List-I (Sites of Fracture Femur) List-II (Methods of treatment)
    1. Intracapsular neck fracture

    2. Extra capsular sub trochanteric neck fracture

    3. Shaft fracture in children

    4. Supracondylar fracture

    1. Thomson Prosthesis

    2. Conservative treatment

    3. Internal Fixation using screw and plate

    4. Steinman pins

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
  12. A compound fracture in initially treated by antibiotics, wound toilet

    1. skin cover

    2. external splintage

    3. internal fixation

    4. prosthesis

  13. In foramen of Winslow:

    1. bile duct is posterior and the hepatic artery is on the right side

    2. hepatic artery is on the left side, bile duct is on the right side and portal vein is posterior

    3. hepatic artery is on the right side, bile duct is on the left side and portal vein is posterior

    4. hepatic artery is posterior, bile duct and portal vein are anterior

  14. Consider the following statements: Tolerance of infants to blood loss is poor because

    1. a small amount of lost blood represents a sizeable fraction of cardiac output

    2. of poor defence mechanism to blood loss as the peripheral circulatory resistance is high.

    3. of ineffective vasocons. Ion of peripheral vessels

    Of these statements

    1. 1, 2 and 3 are correct

    2. 1 and 2 are correct

    3. 2 and 3 are correct

    4. 1 and 3 are correct

  15. Consider the following mechanisms:

    1. Freely communicating ventricles.

    2. Obstruction of cerebrospinal fluid at the basal cistern.

    3. Obstruction of cerebrospinal fluid in subarachnoid space.

    The basic mechanisms involved in communicating hydrocephalus would include

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 2 and 3

    3. 1 and 2

    4. 1 and 3