Competitive Exams: Medical Science MCQs (Practice-Test 115 of 135)

  1. Cervical sympathectomy is most effective in the management of

    1. Raynauds disease

    2. Buergers disease

    3. Atherosclerotic vascular disease

    4. Hyperhidrosis

  2. Consider the following statements regarding the involvement of mediastinal lymph nodes in lung cancer:

    1. It is detected by CT scan of chest.

    2. Its presence by CT scan of chest.

    3. Non-homogeneous enhancement of glands is characteristic.

    Of these statements

    1. 1 and 3 are correct

    2. 1 and 2 are correct

    3. 2 and 3 are correct

    4. 1, 2 and 3 are correct

  3. Appendicular abscess is usually treated by

    1. appendicectomy

    2. Oschner-Sherren regime

    3. extra-peritoneal drainage

    4. intra-peritoneal drainage

  4. A 50-year old man is admitted with bright red rectal bleeding. He recently had a barium enema which was normal. Nasogastric suction reveals no blood, The next diagnostic step is:

    1. Repeat Barium enema for missed lesions

    2. Gastroscopy for bleeding ulcers

    3. Braium meal and follow through

    4. Mesenteric angiography

  5. A 40-year old female presents with a 9-month history of a swelling in the outer quadrant of the breast. It is 3 cm diameter and is not attached to the skin or deep fascia. Lymph nodes are enlarged and mobile in the axilla. There are no supraclavicular lymph nodes. Chest X-ray is normal. Biopsy showed cirrhous carcinoma. The correct course of treatment in this case would be:

    1. Simple mastectomy and radiotherapy

    2. Radical mastectomy

    3. Radical mastectomy and radiotherapy

    4. Radiotherapy

  6. Match List-I (Types of spina bifida) with List-II (Abnormality present) and select the correct answer

    List-I List-II
    1. Meningocoele

    2. Meningomyelocoele

    3. Syringomy elocoele

    4. Myelocoele

    1. Protrusion of meninges only

    2. Central canal opens on the surface and discharges CSF

    3. Central canal of the cord is dilated and lies in the sac

    4. Normal cord lies in the sac

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
  7. Match List-I (Types of patents) with List-II (Causes of intestinal obstruction) and select the correct

    List-I List-II
    1. Neonatal

    2. Infant

    3. Old persons

    4. Middle-aged females

    1. Acute intussesception

    2. Meconium ileus

    3. Tubercular stricture

    4. Carcinoma colon

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
  8. The narrowest part of male urethra is at the

    1. prostatic urethra

    2. bulbar urethra

    3. Fossa navicularis

    4. external meatus

  9. Disruption of which of the following sets of parts of spine is responsible for unstable fracture?

    1. Vertebral bodies joined by discs and longitudinal ligaments

    2. Facets, joints and their ligaments.

    3. Interspinous ligaments and spinous processes.

    Select the correct answer using the codes given below

    Codes:

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 1 and 2

    3. 2 and 3

    4. 1 and 3

  10. Consider the following statements regarding haemorrhagic shock:

    1. Normal haematocrit suggests minor bleeding

    2. Peripheral vasoconstriction is characteristic.

    3. Anxiety and sweating are often presents.

    Of these statements

    1. 1 and 2 are correct

    2. 1 and 3 are correct

    3. 2 and 3 are correct

    4. 1, 2 and 3 are correct

  11. A patient undergoes a left scalene node biopsy in the surgical OPD. One hour later he develops cyanosis, dyspnoea and marked tachycardia. The manoeuvre most likely to improve his condition is:

    1. Blood transfusion

    2. IV fluids

    3. Endotracheal intubation

    4. Chest tube insertion on the left side

  12. Match List-I (Transmission) with List-II (Disease) and select the correct answer

    List-I List-II
    1. Cyclodevelopmental

    2. Cyclopropagative

    3. Propagative

    4. Mechanical

    1. Cholera

    2. Filaria

    3. Malaria

    4. Plague

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
  13. The given figure relates to on epidemic Consider the following statements in this regard:

    1. The duration E-M is the median incubation period.

    2. All the cases have occurred within one incubation period.

    3. The curve represents a common-source single-exposure epidemic.

    Of these statements

    1. 1, 2 and 3 are correct

    2. 1 and 2 are correct

    3. 2 and 3 are correct

    4. 1 and 3 are correct

  14. Match List-I (Type of study) with List-II (key element) and select the correct answer

    List-I List-II
    1. Descriptive study

    2. Case-control study

    3. Cohort study

    4. Intervention study

    1. Formulates hypothesis

    2. Randomization is essential

    3. Calculates odds ratio

    4. Calculates relative risk

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
  15. Analytical studies are undertaken to

    1. determine the frequency of occurrence and distribution of disease in a community

    2. find out the prevalence of disease

    3. screen out new cases in the community

    4. formulate the etiological hypothesis