Competitive Exams: Medical Science MCQs (Practice-Test 118 of 135)

Directions: The next two items are based on the given diagram showing a kidney with the adrenal gland in position. Study the same carefully and attempt the next two items:

  1. The diagram represents the

    1. anterior surface of right kidney

    2. anterior surface of left kidney

    3. posterior surface of right kidney

    4. posterior surface of left kidney

  2. The area marked H in the diagram is related to

    1. psoas major muscle

    2. diaphragm and psoas major muscle

    3. pancreas

    4. duodenum

  3. The overian fossa is bounded anteriorly by

    1. obliterated umbilical artery

    2. ureter

    3. internal iliac artery

    4. external iliac artery

  4. Consider the following statements regarding sujarena1 glans:

    1. The right supra-renal lies on the right crus of the diaphragm.

    2. The left supra-renal lies on the left crus of the diaphragm.

    3. It receives its nerve supplies from the branches of the thoracic sympathetic trunk.

    4. On either side, it is related to the inferior vena cava.

    Of these statements:

    1. 1, 2 and 3 are correct

    2. 1 and 3 are correct

    3. 2 and 4 are correct

    4. 1, 2, 3 and 4 are correct

  5. All of the following statements regarding the thalamic nuclei are correct except:

    1. Anterior nucleus lies within the internal medullary lamina

    2. Ventro-anterior nucleus receives the medial and spinal lemnisci

    3. Medial geniculate body sends efferent figbres to the superior temporal gyrus

    4. Anterior nucleus receives the mamillothalmic tract

  6. The choroids plexus of the fourth ventricles is supplied by the

    1. Posterior inferior cerebellar artery

    2. Anterior inferior celebellar artery

    3. Posterior cerebral artery

    4. Anterior choroidal artery

  7. The fornix terminates in the

    1. Amygdaloid body

    2. Hippocampus

    3. Mammillary body

    4. Tail of caudate nucleus

  8. Which of the following pairs are correctly matched?

      • Motor speech area of Broca
      • Inferior frontal gyrus.
      • Motor speech area of Wernicke
      • Curving around posterior end of lateral sulcus in parietotemporal lobe
      • Visuosensory cortical area (striate)
      • Posterior part of calcarine sulcus extending into cuneus and lingual gyrus.

    Select the correct answer

    1. 2 and 3

    2. l, 2 and 3

    3. 1 and 3

    4. 1 and 2

  9. All of the following statements regarding the structure of perotid gland are true except:

    1. The cells lining the acini are pyramidal in shape and the apical cytoplasm contains acidophilic granules.

    2. The intercalated ducts are lined by tall columnar cells

    3. The myoepitheliocytes which are associated with the secretory acini and intercalated ducts help to express the gland

    4. The myoepitheliocytes lie between the epithelial cells and the basal lamina

  10. All of the following are cells of bronchial epithelium except

    1. Clara cells

    2. Kulchitsky cells

    3. Goblet cells

    4. Globule leucocytes

  11. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer

    List-I List-II
    1. Sertoli cells

    2. Interstitial cells of Levding

    3. Spermatogonium

    4. Spermatozoa

    1. Testosterone

    2. Diploid

    3. Androgen binding protein

    4. Haploid

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
  12. Consider the following statements: Osteoblasts:

    1. form a layer of cuboidal cells near the surface of the bone.

    2. lay down the organic collagenous matrix.

    3. contain alkaline phosphatase when active.

    4. become spindle-shaped in appearance when inactive.

    Of these statements:

    1. 1, 2 and 3 are correct

    2. 1 and 3 are correct

    3. 2 and 4 are correct

    4. 1, 2, 3 and 4 are correct

  13. Consider the following statements. Parafollicular cells of thyroid

    1. secrete calcitonin.

    2. are also called clear cells (C-cells)

    3. are located between the basement membrane of the follicle and follicular cells.

    4. are included in APUD cell system.

    Of these statements.

    1. 1, 2 and 3 are correct

    2. 1 and 3 are correct

    3. 2 and 4 are correct

    4. 1, 2, 3 and 4 are correct

  14. All the following statements regarding sclerotome which forms the vertebrae are true except:

    1. It is the dorsolateral part of a somite

    2. It consists of loose cells which have lost their epithelial character

    3. It migrates ventrimedially around the notochord

    4. It migrates dorsally around the neural tube and ventrolaterally into the body wall

  15. Pasavants ridge is situated in the region of

    1. anal canal

    2. cardio-oesophageal junction

    3. cricopharyngeal muscle

    4. palato pharyngeus muscle

  16. Haemolytic anaemia due to primaquin administration is due to

    1. glucose 6-phosphatase deficiency

    2. glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency

    3. phosphogluconate dehydrogenase deficiency

    4. pyruvate kinase deficiency

  17. In post-transcriptional processing of m-RNA, splicing refers to

    1. joining exons after the removal of iritrons

    2. addition of exons to m-RNA

    3. addition of introns to m-RNA

    4. removal of exons and joining introns

  18. Consider the following receptors:

    1. Meissners corpuscles.

    2. Merkels disc.

    3. Pacinian corpuscles

    Among these, rapidly adapting touch receptors would include

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 1 and 2

    3. 1 and 3

    4. 2 and 3