Competitive Exams: Medical Science MCQs (Practice-Test 121 of 135)

  1. Which one of the following statements regarding open spina bifida is INCORRECT?

    1. It is a neural tube defect

    2. It may be associated with raised amniotic fluid alphafoetoproteins

    3. Affected parents have five per cent chance of having affected child

    4. 75% will survive even in the absence of surgical treatment

  2. Consider the following statements: Paralytic ileus could be

    1. post-operative

    2. hyperkalemic

    3. uraemic

    4. infective

    Of these statements

    1. 1 and 2 are correct

    2. 2, 3 and 4 are correct

    3. 3 and 4 are correct

    4. 1, 3 and 4 are correct

  3. Consider the following condition:

    1. Acidosis

    2. Vomiting

    3. Shock

    The correct sequence of the appearance of these conditions in the case of acute intestinal obstruction is

    1. 3, 2, 1

    2. 2, 1, 3

    3. 3, 1, 2

    4. 1, 2, 3

  4. Tension Pneumothorax results in

    1. Alkalosis

    2. Increased cardiac output

    3. Decreased Venous return

    4. All of the above

  5. Which one of the following statements regarding incidence rate is INCORRECT?

    1. It refers only to new cases during a given period of time

    2. It is not influenced by the duration of the disease

    3. It is always less than the prevalence rate

    4. It is used in the formulation and testing of aeithological hypotheses

  6. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer:

    List-I List-II
    1. Rate

    2. Ratio

    3. Proportion

    1. Prevalence of leprosy is 5/1000 population

    2. 200 children are born to 1100 mothers in one year

    3. Incidence of tuberculosis is 1 per 1000 population

    • A
    • B
    • C
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
  7. Contingency table applied to hypothetical cigarette smoking and lung cancer is given below: Cigarette smoking Development of Lung Cancer Did not develop Lung cancer Total Yes 80 792 8000 No 4 2996 4000 Which one of the following is its Attributable Risk?

    1. 100%

    2. 90%

    3. 80%

    4. 70%

  8. In a cumulative frequency curve, the frequency distribution are plotted against

    1. The mid-values of the class intervals

    2. The upper-limits of the class intervals

    3. The lower limits of the class intervals

    4. Either the lower or the upper limit of the class intervals

  9. The recommended days on which human diploid cell vaccine should be given to a dog bite case are

    1. 1, 5, 7, 14, 30, 90

    2. 1, 3, 8, 14, 30, 90

    3. 0, 3, 7, 14, 30, 90

    4. 0, 4, 7, 14, 30, 90

  10. Match list I (Health personnel) with List II (Suggested numbers) and select the correct answer:

    List-I List-II
    1. Doctors

    2. Nurses

    3. Anganwadi workers

    4. Pharmacists

    1. 1 per 5000 population

    2. 1 per 3500 population

    3. 1 per 10000 population

    4. 1 per 1000 population

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
  11. Consider the following levels of prevention:

    1. Disability limitation

    2. Health promotion

    3. Specific protection

    4. Early diagnosis and treatment

    The correct sequence of these levels of prevention is

    1. 2, 3, 4, 1

    2. 2, 4, 3, 1

    3. 1, 3, 2, 4

    4. 4, 3, 2, 1

  12. Which of the following pairs are NOT correctly matched?

      • Primordial prevention
      • Noncommunicable diseases
      • Rehabilitation
      • Specific environmental measures
      • Early diagnosis
      • Communicable diseases and treatment
      • N/A
      • N/A

    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 2 and 3

    3. 1 and 3

    4. 1, 2, and 3

  13. Which one of the following measures was introduced most recently to control Malaria effectively in India?

    1. Insecticidal spray in urban areas

    2. Rural malaria control programme

    3. Tribal malaria control programme

    4. Urban malaria control programme

  14. Consider the following statements regarding rifampicin in the treatment of tuberculosis?

    1. children should receive 10 mg/kg.

    2. It should be given two hours before breakfast.

    3. does of 15 mg/kg or higher are associated with increased hepatotoxicity in children.

    4. It gives orange red colour to urine.

    Of these statements

    1. 1 and 3 are correct

    2. 2 and 4 are correct

    3. 1, 2 and 3 are correct

    4. 1, 2, 3 and 4 are correct

  15. Consider the following statements: In infants and children, deaths due to pneumonia occur because

    1. they do not get adequate treatment

    2. they come for treatment too late.

    3. do not come for treatment

    Of these statements

    1. 1, 2 and 3 are correct

    2. 1 and 2 are correct

    3. 2 and 3 are correct

    4. 1 and 3 are correct