Competitive Exams: Medical Science MCQs (Practice-Test 2 of 135)

  1. Which of the following is not considered a part of the male urethra?

    1. Prostatic

    2. Membranous

    3. Vasapore

    4. Penile

    Answer: c

  2. When glucose if found in urine it is called _____.

    1. Glucosuria

    2. Uremia

    3. Ureteritis

    4. Glucose intolerance

    Answer: a

  3. Which of the following is not considered a component of kidney stones?

    1. Calcium phosphate

    2. Uric Acid

    3. Calcium oxalate

    4. HCO3

    Answer: d

  4. The one of the functions occurring at the distal convoluted tubule in the kidney is?

    1. Passive secretion of hydrogen ions

    2. Passive secretion of potassium ions

    3. Limited re-absorption of water

    4. No re-absorption of sodium

    Answer: b

  5. ADH has which of the following effects on the distal convoluted tubule?

    1. Decrease water re-absorption

    2. Increase water re-absorption

    3. Decrease the concentration of urine

    4. Increase the urine volume

    Answer: b

  6. Which of the following is not associated with the role of the kidneys?

    1. Release of erythropoietin (hormone)

    2. Release of renin (enzyme)

    3. Release of Vitamin E

    4. Activate Vitamin D

    Answer: c

  7. Each kidney contains approximately ______ nephrons.

    1. 10 million

    2. 1 million

    3. 100, 000

    4. 10, 000

    Answer: b

  8. The release of Angiotension II causes which of the following to occur?

    1. Increased filtration rate

    2. Decreased glomerular hydrostatic pressure

    3. Increase synthesis of Vitamin E

    4. Increased release of erythropoietin

    Answer: a

  9. Which of the following is an effect of a diuretic?

    1. Decreased Cardiac Output

    2. Increased fluid volume

    3. Increased sodium re-absorption

    4. Increased chloride ion re-absorption

    Answer: a

  10. Which of the following is not considered a loop diuretic?

    1. Bumetadine (BUMEX)

    2. Furosemide (LASIX)

    3. Chlorthiazide (DIURIL)

    4. Ethacrynic Acid (EDECRIN)

    Answer: c