Competitive Exams: Medical Science MCQs (Practice-Test 53 of 135)

  1. Which one of the following statements is correct regarding tools of measurement for an epidemiologist?

    1. Rates, ratios and proportions are one and the same

    2. In a rate, the numerator is not part of the denominator

    3. In a proportion, the numerator is always included in the denominator

    4. In a ratio, the numerator is a component of the denominator.

  2. Consider the following epidemiological/clinical studies:

    1. Clinical Trials

    2. Case-control studies

    3. cohort studies

    4. case-series reports

    Which of these studies routinely incorporate the use of a control group in their study design?

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 2, 3 and 4

    3. 1, 3 and 4

    4. 1, 2 and 4

  3. Which one of the following is NOT consistent with the characteristics of the standard normal curve?

    1. It is smooth and bell shaped

    2. It is symmetrical

    3. The mean, median and mode all coincide

    4. Total area of the curve is 0.5

  4. Consider the following statements: As per the standards laid down by WHO, normal human immunoglobulin preparations should

    1. contain atleast 90 percent intact IgG.

    2. be free from IgG aggregates.

    3. Contain all IgG subclasses.

    4. have high IgA concentration.

    Which of these statements are correct?

    1. 3 and 4

    2. 1, 2 and 4

    3. 1, 2 and 3

    4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

  5. Consider the following factors:

    1. community participation

    2. Provision of essential drugs

    3. Appropriate technology

    4. Immunisation against major diseases

    Primary Health Care includes

    1. 2 and 4

    2. 2 and 2

    3. 1 and 3

    4. 3 and 4

  6. An epidemiological surveillance system is based on the principle of

    1. Periodical review and analysis

    2. Continuous monitoring and analysis

    3. Intermittent evaluation

    4. One time indepth analysis of problem

  7. Splinting limbs and providing restin acute poliomyelitis is an example of

    1. Disability limitation

    2. Secondary prevention

    3. Primordial prevention

    4. Specific protection

  8. In a Primary Health Centre area with a mid-year estimated population of 30, 000 during a year, 3000 blood smears are collected and examined. Out of these 120 are found to be positive for malarial parasites in which 30 are positive for P falciparum. Which one of the following is the slide rate?

    1. 1.0

    2. 2.0

    3. 3.0

    4. 4.0

  9. Under the Revised National Tuberculosis Control programme, for new sputum positive patients during the intensive phase, antitubercular drugs are administered as

    1. Daily supervised

    2. Thrice weekly supervised

    3. biweekly supervised

    4. Weekly supervised

  10. Match List I (Sexually transmittedpathogens) with List II (Disease caused) and select the correct answer:

    List-I List-II
    1. Candida albicans

    2. herpes simplex

    3. Calymmato-bacterium

    4. Papilloma virus

    1. Genital herpes

    2. Vaginitis

    3. Anal warts

    4. Donovanosis

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
  11. The weight of a child suffering from diarrheal dehydration is 6 kg. What is the real quantity of Oral Rehydration solution (ORS) to be given in the first four hours to save the life of the child?

    1. 300 ml

    2. 450 ml

    3. 600 ml

    4. 750 ml

  12. Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV) can be administered

    1. During an epidemic

    2. During pregnancy

    3. For rapid immunity

    4. Before 6 weeks of age

  13. Consider the following stages:

    1. late expanding

    2. Low stationary

    3. Early expanding

    4. High stationary

    The correct sequence of these stages in the demographic cycle is

    1. 3, 1 4, 2

    2. 2, 4, 3, 1

    3. 4, 2, 3, 1

    4. 4, 3, 1, 2

  14. A 30 year old female had a copper T inserted 2 years after her last delivery. Her periods were regular even after insertion. Two years after insertion, she presents with two months amenorrhoea and severe lower abdominal pains. One examination her uterus is not bulky but pregnancy test is positive. The most likely diagnosis is

    1. Abruptio placenta

    2. Placenta praevia

    3. Threatened abortion

    4. Ectopic pregnancy

  15. Consider the following processes:

    1. Germination

    2. Fermentation

    3. Parboiling

    Which of these enhance/s the nutritive value of pulses?

    1. 1 only

    2. 1 and 2

    3. 2 and 3

    4. 1, 2 and 3