Competitive Exams: Medical Science MCQs (Practice-Test 62 of 135)

  1. Vascular dilatation in the inflammatory response is mediated by all of the following except

    1. C3a

    2. Prostaglandin I2

    3. C5a

    4. Leucotrienes

  2. Match List I (Mechanism of increased capillary permeability) with List II (Pathogenesis of increased capillary permeability) and select the correct answer:

    List-I List-II
    1. Endothelial cell contraction

    2. Endothelial cell retraction

    3. Direct endothelial cell injury

    4. Leucocyte mediated endothelial

    1. IL-1, TNF

    2. Histamine

    3. Leucocyte activation

    4. Cell necrosis and detachment

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
  3. In the management of meaningomyelocele with pre-operative CT proved ventricular dilatation, what should be the most appropriate line of management in this context?

    1. Excision and repair of the meaningomyelocele and follow up

    2. Ventriculo-peritoneal shunt followed by excision and repair of meaningomyelocele in stages

    3. Ventriculo-periconeal shunt and regular follow up

    4. Both ventriculo-peritoneal shunt and excision and repair of meaningomyelocele to be done simultaneously

  4. Catamenial Pneumothorax develops

    1. When air escapes from fallopian tubes and reaches pleural space

    2. In patients experiencing lobal collapse secondary to bronchial obstruction

    3. As a result of direct trauma

    4. From migration of air across the bronchial surface into mediastinum

  5. Consider the following conditions:

    1. Bladder outlet obstruction

    2. Multiple sclerosis

    3. Meatal ulcer

    4. Urethral stricture

    Which of these conditions are the most frequent causes of acute retention of urine in male?

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 2 and 3

    3. 3 and 4

    4. 1 and 4

  6. A 60-year old man is brought to the casualty department with the complaints of abdominal pain and distension. The patient has not passes stool or flatus for 48 hours. On examination, it is found that the abdomen is distended and tympanitic. Mild tenderness is present with no peritoneal signs. The steps in the management should include:

    1. Endoscopic decompression

    2. Barium enema

    3. Bowel preparation

    4. Elective resection

    The proper order of these steps for the correct management in this case should be

    1. 2, 1, 3, 4

    2. 1, 3, 2, 4

    3. 2, 1, 4, 3

    4. 1, 2, 4, 3

  7. Consider the following statements: Thoraco-lumbar fracture of spins is more common than the fracture of thoracic spine because

    1. this part of the spins is not supported by ribs

    2. it is most stable region

    3. it is the functional transitional zone

    4. this region is often associated with osteoporosis

    Which of these statements are correct?

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 1 and 3

    3. 2 and 4

    4. 3 and 4

  8. Match List I (Percent of blood volume loss) with List Ii (Type of replacement fluid) and select the correct answer:

    List-I List-II
    1. Blood Volume 20

    2. Blood Volume 20 to 50

    3. Blood Volume Above 50

    4. Continued bleeding above 50

    1. crystalloid and red cell concentrate

    2. Crystalloid, RBC and albumin

    3. Crystalloid solution

    4. Crystalloid, RBC, fresh frozen plasma

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
  9. Consider the following events in the infection caused by poliovirus:

    1. Febrile illness

    2. Aseptic meningitis

    3. respiratory failure

    4. Flaccid paralysis of limbs

    The correct sequence of occurrence of these events is

    1. 1, 2, 4, 3

    2. 2, 1, 3, 4

    3. 1, 2, 3, 4

    4. 2, 1, 4, 3

  10. Somogyi effect is dealt with by

    1. additing oral hypoglycemic agents

    2. Decreasing the dose of insulin

    3. Using oral steroids

    4. Using glucagon

  11. Which one of the following lipid abnormalities is not associated with a higher risk of development of coronary atherosclerosis?

    1. Raised total cholesterol

    2. Raised LDL-cholesterol

    3. Raised HDL-cholesterol

    4. Raised lipoprotein-a level

  12. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer:

    List-I (Artery) List-II (Lesion)
    1. Cerebellar

    2. Middle cerebral

    3. Anterior cerebral

    4. Posterior cerebral

    1. Hemiparesis, Dysphasia

    2. Hemiparesis, Incontinence

    3. Hemianopia, cortical blindness

    4. Ataxis, Dysarthria

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
  13. With the metabolic control of diabetes, the following would improve except

    1. Mononeuritis multiplex

    2. Diabetic amyotrophy

    3. Lipodystrophy

    4. hypertriglyceridaemia

  14. With reference to the conditions which may stimulate rheumatic heart disease, match List I (Valvular lesions) with List II (Conditions) and select the correct answer:

    List-I List-II
    1. Aortic stenosis

    2. Aortic regurgitation

    3. Tricuspid stenosis

    4. Tricuspid regurgitation

    1. Carcinoid

    2. Marfan's syndrome

    3. Ebstein's anomaly

    4. Bicuspid aortic valve

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
  15. According to Wellcome classification, a child with 80 − 60% of body weight and with the presence of oedema would be diagnosed as

    1. Marasmus

    2. Kwashiorkar

    3. Nutritional dwarf

    4. Underweight child