Competitive Exams: Medical Science MCQs (Practice-Test 75 of 135)

  1. Which one of the following is not a feature of lateral medullary syndrome?

    1. Involvement of hypoglossal nerve

    2. Sympathetic tract involvement

    3. IX and X cranial nerve involvement

    4. Loss of contralateral pain and touch sensation over trunk

  2. Which one of the following is not a feature of life threatening situation in bronchial asthma?

    1. Central Cyanosis

    2. Absence of audible wheeze

    3. Bradycardia

    4. PEF = 50% of expected

  3. Which one of the following is not a typical feature of petitmal seizures?

    1. Later development of tonic-clonic seizures in 50%

    2. Loss of consciousness lasting up to 10 seconds

    3. Synchronous 3 per second spike and wave activity on EEG

    4. Onset at the age of 25 to 30 years

  4. On Plain X-ray abdomen, double bubble appearance is seen in

    1. Gastric carcinoma

    2. Pancreatic carcinoma

    3. Duodenal ulcer

    4. Duodenal atresia

  5. Which cervical vertebra gets fractured in Hangmans fracture?

    1. First

    2. Second

    3. Third

    4. Fourth

  6. Narrowest part of male urethra is

    1. Bladder neck

    2. Prostatic urethra

    3. Membranous urethra

    4. External urethral meatus

  7. The classical signs of tension Pneumothorax are

    1. Absent breath sounds, increased tympany on ipsilateral side and tracheal shift to contralateral side

    2. Absent breath sounds, increased tympany on contra lateral side

    3. Breath sounds present, decreased tympany on ipsilateral side with tracheal shift to ipsilateral side

    4. Absent breath sounds, absent tympany on ipsilateral side with tracheal shift to contralateral side

  8. Post pericardiectomy syndrome is suspected by

    1. fever, Pericarditis, pleuritis two to four weeks after operation with normal ESR and leucocytosis

    2. fever, Pericarditis, pleuritis two to four weeks after operation, raised ESR, leycocytosis with lymphocytic predominance

    3. fever, Pericarditis, precordial pain, normal ESR and normal leucocyte counts

    4. no fever, Pericarditis, pleuritis two to four weeks after operation, normal

    ESR and lymphocytosis

  9. Consider the following diseases:

    1. Measles

    2. tuberculosis

    3. Malaria

    4. Influenza

    Cyclic trend is observed in the occurrence of which of the above?

    1. 1 and 4

    2. 2 and 4

    3. 1 and 3

    4. 3 and 4

  10. Experimental studies are undertaken to

    1. Formulate a hypothesis

    2. Determine the frequency of occurrence and distribution of disease in a community

    3. Confirm etiological hypothesis

    4. Find the incidence rate of disease

  11. Consider the following indicator:

    1. Odds ratio

    2. Incidence rate

    3. relative risk

    4. Attirbutable risk

    The indicator which can be calculated from Cohort Study data are:

    1. 1, 2, 3 and 4

    2. 2, 3 and 4

    3. 1 and 3

    4. 2 and 4

  12. A researcher wanted to test the use of X-ray as a diagnostic test for tuberculosis. He made a radiologist examine the X-ray of 100 individuals whose disease status was already known to him by other methods. He found that out of 100 individual diagnosed to have the disease by x-ray examination, only 90 had the disease, 10 individuals who were disease positive had been missed by X-ray examination. The sensitivity and specificity of this radiological test respectively are

    1. 90% and 90%

    2. 90% and 80%

    3. 80% and 10%

    4. 80% and 70%

  13. A researcher wanted to test the use of X-ray as a diagnostic test for tuberculosis. He made a radiologist examine the X-ray of 100 individuals whose disease status was already known to him by other methods. He found that out of 100 individual diagnosed to have the disease by x-ray examination, only 90 had the disease, 10 individuals who were disease positive had been missed by X-ray examination. The prevalence of the disease is

    1. 5%

    2. 105

    3. 15%

    4. 20%

  14. Which one of the following is a better index of fertility rates?

    1. Crude birth rate

    2. General fertility rate

    3. Total fertility rate

    4. Gross reproduction rate

  15. Which one of the following is the most important medical cause of maternal mortality?

    1. Toxemia of pregnancy

    2. Post partum haemorrhage

    3. Obstructed labor

    4. Infection