Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice-Test 1 of 90)

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  1. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer:

    List-I (Authors) List-II (Books)
    1. F H Bradley

    2. Immanuel Kant

    3. C L Stevenson

    4. Ernst Casirrer

    1. An introduction to a Philosophy of Human Culture

    2. Facts and Values

    3. Foundation of Metaphysics of Morals

    4. Ethical Studies

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
  2. Plato's ethics is

    1. teleological

    2. deontological

    3. partly deontological and partly imperatival

    4. neither teleological nor deontological

  3. The unforeseen consequences of an action are counted in the determination of its moral rightness by

    1. teleological ethics

    2. deontologicalethics

    3. teleological and deontological ethics

    4. neither teleological and deontological ethics

  4. Which one of the following expresses best the thesis of psychological hedonism?

    1. Everyone ought to desire pleasure

    2. The aim of every action is pleasure

    3. Everyone seeks to avoid pain

    4. Every sentient creature desires pleasure

  5. Who among the following is a psychological Hedonist

    1. Aristotle

    2. Hobbes

    3. Ross

    4. Sidgwick

  6. How many dimensions of pleasure are taken into consideration in Bentham's ‘Hedonistic Calculus’

    1. Seven

    2. Six

    3. Five

    4. Four

  7. Consider the following statements:

    1. Everything we consider worthwhile in human life consists not in following nature but in improving upon the transcending nature

    2. If God has no reason for giving the commands. He does, then we have no good reason to obey them

    3. We must obey God's commands because He is supremely powerful and our creater

    Which of these is/are statement (s) made by

    J S Mill?

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 1 and 3

    3. 1 alone

    4. 2 alone

  8. Which one of the following pairs is correctly matched? Doctrines Propounder

      • Reason is not intended to produce happiness, but to produce a goodwill
      • I Kant
      • There is no distinction between a motive for conduct and a rule of conduct
      • J S Mill
      • Judaism and Christianity are suitable for the evolutionary struggle
      • John
      • There must be a separation of means from ends
      • John Dewey
  9. According to Kant, one should act only on the maxim through which one can at the same time will that it should become a universal law of nature. Who among the following modern moral philosophers holds a similar thesis?

    1. David Gauthier

    2. Stevenson

    3. R M Hare

    4. S. Toulmin

  10. Which one of the following expresses best the thesis of determinism?

    1. Whatever happens is bound to happen

    2. Whatever happens is principle predictable

    3. Whatever happens is pre-ordained

    4. No one can do other than what he does

  11. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer:

    List-I (Books) List-II (Authors)
    1. The Virtues

    2. Language of Morals

    3. After Virtue

    4. Theory of Justice

    1. John B. Rawis

    2. Alasdair Maclntyre

    3. R M Hare

    4. Peter Geach

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
  12. Which one of the following ethical theories is a form of Ethical Naturalism?

    1. Emotivism

    2. Prescriptivism

    3. Descriptivism

    4. Positivism

  13. Which one of the following ethical theories holds that moral judgements entail imperatives?

    1. Descriptivism

    2. Emotivism

    3. Prescriptivism

    4. Positivism

  14. Which one of the following pairs is correctly matched? Tenets Value terms have Propounders

      • No descriptive meaning
      • J S Mill
      • Only descriptive meaning
      • Stevenson
      • Partially descriptive meaning
      • Hare
      • No meaning
      • Kurt Baier
  15. Which one of the following thinkers argues that ethics non-naturalism cannot be maintained because it fails to account for the essentially dynamic character of moral judgement?

    1. G. E. Moore

    2. R M Hare

    3. C L Stevenson

    4. Stuart Hampshire