Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice-Test 15 of 90)

  1. The relation among Brahman, Maya and Jiva in Advaita Vedanta is such that

    1. Jiva cannot exist without Maya and Maya cannot exist without Brahman

    2. Jiva and Brahman can exist without Maya since Jiva is Brahman only

    3. Maya can exist alone since it is beginningless

    4. Brahman is not related to either Jiva or

    Maya in any sense

  2. According to Ramajuna, the individual soul is

    1. Only Jnata

    2. Jnata and Karta

    3. Karta and Bhokta

    4. Jnata, Karta and Bhokta

  3. Saguna Brahman is admitted by Ramanuja because

    1. pure identity can only be between two names

    2. pure difference can only be between any two concepts

    3. any knowledge involves identification and differentiation

    4. the law of identity of logic is essential for any knowledge

  4. Consider the following statements: According to Ramanuja

    1. the self can know itself as well as its object

    2. the self can reveal the object but cannot reveal itself

    3. the self is distinct from pure consciousness

    4. the relation of the soul and Karma has a beginning

    Which of the above statements are correct?

    1. 1 and 3

    2. 1 and 4

    3. 2 and 3

    4. 2 and 4

  5. Which of the following statements about Plato's doctrines show that he is a realist about Universals?

    1. Whenever a number of objects have a common name they also have a common form

    2. Particular ideas are imperfect copies of ideas

    3. The word ‘cat’ means the ideal cat, unique and eternal

    4. Particular objects are not objects of knowledge

    Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 1 and 4

    3. 2 and 3

    4. 2 and 4

  6. Consider the following statements about Aristotle's doctrines:

    1. Every individual is a compound of ‘matter’ and ‘form’

    2. ‘Matter’ means the physical substance, and ‘form’ means the shape

    3. ‘Matter’ and ‘form’ are relative terms in the real world

    4. ‘Matter’ and ‘form’ are separable in thought, but they are not separable in fact

    Which of the above statements are correct?

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 2, 3 and 4

    3. 1, 2 and 4

    4. 1, 3 and 4

  7. ‘We never have an idea of’ space ‘or bare’ extension ‘which is neither solid, nor line, nor surface’ The claim leads to the view that

    1. It is possible for the mind to construct abstract ideas

    2. universals exist apart from the particulars

    3. any word that we use to designate the common feature of a class of things is a mere name

    4. all ideas are derived either from sensation or from reflection

  8. Which on the following entities would be considered to be a universal (Samanya) by the Nyaya-Vaisesika school?

    1. The property of being a cow (Gotva)

    2. The property of being a universal (Samanyatva)

    3. The property of being a substance (Dravyatva)

    4. The property of being a Vis ‘esa (Vis’ esatva)

    Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 2 and 3

    3. 1 and 3

    4. 1 and 4

  9. According to Buddhism the word ‘cow’ stands for

    1. The universal cowness

    2. The difference of individual cows from non-cows

    3. The individual cows

    4. The relation between the universal cowness and the individual cows

  10. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer:

    List-I (Concepts) List-II (Systems)
    1. Jnanalaksana Pratyaksa

    2. Vivarta

    3. Svarupabhutajnana

    4. Prati tyasamutpada

    1. Buddhism

    2. Nyaya

    3. Advaita Vedanta

    4. ViS'isthadvaita Vedanta

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
  11. Carvakas do not admit inference as an independent Pramana on the ground that

    1. Inferential knowledge is dependent upon perceptual knowledge, and hence, inference, inference itself is a form of perception

    2. Inferential knowledge depends on knowledge of Vyapti, and knowledge of Vyapti, is not possible

    3. Inference propounded by one person is often refuted by the counter inference of another person, and hence, one can never be sure of the soundness

    4. Inference is mere guesswork, and hence, it cannot be treated as a sure means of obtaining knowledge

  12. Which of the following cognitions requires Samanyalaksana Sannikarsa as a precondition?

    1. Out internal perception of cognitive states

    2. Our perception of the form, ‘there is not pot on the gound’

    3. Our knowledge of the fact that all cases of smoke are accompanied by fire

    4. Our perception that the individual cow is characterized by cowness

  13. According to Nyaya, Upamana gives us knowledge about

    1. two similar Vastu in the world

    2. the relation between vacaka and the Vacya means by it

    3. similarity in the uses of words

    4. perceived similarity between Vastu

  14. The distinction Vyavaharika Pramanya and Paramarthika Pramanya is admitted by

    1. Buddhists and Naiyayikas

    2. Vaisesikas and Advaita Vedantins

    3. Naiyayikas and Advaita Vedantins

    4. Buddhists and Advaita Vedantins

  15. Buddhism admits

    1. Swatah Pramanya and Svatah Apramanya

    2. Swatah Pramanya and Paratah Apramanya

    3. Paratah Pramanya and Svatah Apramanya

    4. Paratah Pramanya and Paratah