Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice-Test 17 of 90)

  1. Consider the following statements:

    1. ‘When we consider Nature under the attribute of extension or under the attribute of thought--. We shall find one and the same order, and one and the same connections of causes.’

    2. ‘The mind has no knowledge of itself save in so far as it perceives the ideas of the modifications of the body.’

    These statements express the doctrine of

    1. Interactionism

    2. Parallelism

    3. Occasionalism

    4. Pre-established harmony

  2. Consider the following statement: The union of soul and body consists only in the perfect mutual agreement, purposely established by the order of the first creation, in virtue of which each substance, following its laws, agrees with what the other demands; and the operation of the one thus follow or accompany the operation or the change of the other. This is the view of

    1. Descartes

    2. Spinoza

    3. Berkeley

    4. Leibnitz

  3. Berkeley had to invoke the notion of an infinite spirit to give sanctity to the external world because

    1. His position on esseest percipi would have otherwise led him to solipsism

    2. since God exists, he is by definition the creator of the world

    3. since he is an empiricist, he could not have posited ontological categories without God

    4. perception was only a criterion, and not a proof of the external world

  4. Which of the following statements are true regarding the relation between truth and validity?

    1. A valid argument cannot have a false conclusion

    2. If a valid argument has a false conclusion, then at least one of the premises of false

    3. An invalid argument can have a true conclusion

    4. A valid argument with true premises cannot have false conclusion

    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    1. 1, 2, 3 and 4

    2. 2, 3 and 4

    3. 1, 2 and 3

    4. 1 and 4

  5. If one or more premises of a valid argument is/are false, then which of the following statements are true?

    1. Its conclusion must be true

    2. Its conclusion may be true

    3. Its conclusion may be false

    4. Its conclusion must be false

    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    1. 4 and 3

    2. 2 and 1

    3. 3 and 1

    4. 2 and 3

  6. Which one of the following statements is NOT applicable to describe the nature of a tautology?

    1. A tautologous statement form is true in all possible worlds

    2. The contradictory of a tautologous statement form is selfcontradictory

    3. All tautologous statements forms are truth functionally equivalent

    4. The logical form of a tautology of P-P

  7. Which of the following are truthfunctional propositions?

    1. think that the belief in the immortality of soul is not unfounded

    2. The belief in the immortality of soul is not unfounded

    3. I doubt that belief in the immortality of soul is not empirical

    4. Neither the belief in the immortality of the soul nor the brief that no soul exists is unfounded

    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    1. 1, 2, 3 and 4

    2. 2 and 4

    3. 1, 2 and 3

    4. 1 and 4