Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice-Test 24 of 90)

  1. Which one of the following does NOT belong to the eight-fold path in Buddhism?

    1. Samyak sankalpa

    2. Samyak vak

    3. Samyak caritra

    4. Samyak smrti

  2. Which one of the following does NOT belong to the triratna of Buddhism?

    1. Sila

    2. Dana

    3. Samadhi

    4. Prajna

  3. Which one set of the following is known as the four noble truths?

    1. Jati, duhkha, jara, marana

    2. Duhkha, duhkha samudaya, dughka nirodh duhkha nirodh marg

    3. Samyag drsti, samyak sankalpa, samyag vak, samyak karmanta

    4. Samyag ajiva, samyag vyayama, samyak smrti, samyak samadahi

  4. Which one set of the following is the part of eight-fold path of Buddhist Ethics?

    1. Samyak buddhi and samyak samadhi

    2. Samyak buddhi and samyak smrti

    3. Samyak smrti and samyak samadhi

    4. Samyak samskara andsamyad samadhi

  5. Which of the following statements are true of Gandhian thought?

    1. Truth is property of statements

    2. Truth is God

    3. Truth is an ontological category

    4. Truth is an ethical category

    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 2, 3 and 4

    3. 1, 3 and 4

    4. 1, 2 and 4

  6. Which one of the following is NOT true of Gandhi's concept of ahimsa?

    1. Ahimsa is the means, Truth is the end

    2. Ahimsa and Truth are inseparable

    3. Ahimsa is the same as non-killing

    4. Ahimsa is the absence of hatred

    • Assertion (A): According to Locke, material as well as spiritual substances are equally unknown to us.
    • Reason (R): We cannot conceive of the simple qualities existing by themselves.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Jagat is a vivarta of Brahman.
    • Reason (R): Jagar belongs to the Vyavahariki Satta.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): According to Samkara the so-called Pramanas remove ignorance but do not give real knowledge.
    • Reason (R): The Pramanas are based on the distinction between subject and object.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Leibnitz's principle of the identity of indiscernible states that all substances (monads) are identical which have the same complete concept.
    • Reason (R): For every substance, there is a ‘complete’ concept which contains within it the concept of everything that may be truly predicated of that substance.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): In Figure II, one of the premises must be negative.
    • Reason (R): The Middle term must be distributed at least once in the premises.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Moore held that good is indefinable.
    • Reason (R): For him good is not a species under any higher genus.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Bentham proposed the hedonistic calculus in which a seven-fold distinction is employed.
    • Reason (R): Bentham believed in the distinction between higher and lower pleasures sought by men.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): According to Jainism liberation is possible only after annihilation of the body.
    • Reason (R): Only elimination of the matter with which the soul is already mingled will lead to liberation.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): ‘Ahimsa is our supreme duty’
    • Reason (R): ‘Ahimsa is the means, truth is the end’ (Gandhi).
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true