Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice-Test 29 of 90)

  1. Which one of the following pairs is correctly matched?

      • Janism
      • The soul is the stream of conscious-ness or mental states
      • Nyaya
      • The soul is a substance which is Vaisesika eternal and which makes knowledge possible.
      • Buddhism
      • The soul is a pure, conscious, blissful reality which appears as divided into many selves.
      • Sankara
      • The individual soul is a portion of God, but it is limited and not all pervading.
  2. Consider the following statements: Faith is important

    1. for the masses, two cannot grasp philosophical demonstrations.

    2. since there are Christian truths which cannot be demonstrated

    3. for it prevents philosophers from becoming confused and going astray

    4. as it teaches many humility

    Which of the above statements according to Aquines are correct?

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 2 and 3

    3. 1 and 4

    4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

  3. ‘If anyone born in barbarous nations do what lieth in him, God will reveal to him that which is necessary to salvation, either by inspiration or by sending a teacher’ is stated by

    1. St. Augustine

    2. St. Thomas Aquinas

    3. St. Anslem

    4. Johannes Eckhart

  4. Predicates are applied to the Creator and the creatures neither univocally nor equivocally but analogically. This theory is maintained by

    1. Naiyayikas

    2. Descartes

    3. St. Augustine

    4. St. Thomas Aquinas

  5. Which one of the following is NOT St. Augustine's view?

    1. Evil is privation of good

    2. Soul is a trinity of existence, knowledge and will

    3. Our knowledge of the world is more reliable than our knowledge of the soul

    4. The highest knowledge of reason is an insight into the creative principle

  6. According to St. Augustine, the origin of the world is from

    1. divine miracle

    2. emanation

    3. the material principle

    4. matter and form

  7. Which one of the following statements is NOT correct according to Spinoza?

    1. The mind exists as a finite temporal mode consisting of its thoughts, feeling and volitions

    2. The human mind is ‘the idea of the body’

    3. The states of mind are effects of bodily processes

    4. Every mind is a part of the infinite intellect

  8. Which of the following views are held by Spinoza?

    1. The order and connection of things are the same as the order and connection of idea.

    2. God is free in the sense that he creates the world because he wants to do so.

    3. All determination is negation

    4. The particular finite objects and minds are direct effects of the Substance or


    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 1 and 3

    3. 2 and 4

    4. 3 and 4

  9. Which one of the following principles is used by Descartes to prove the existence of God?

    1. A perfect being must be the cause of contingent beings

    2. A perfect being must be the cause of the world as a whole

    3. A perfect being must be the cause to the idea of a perfect being

    4. A perfect must be the cause of harmony of the world

  10. Descartes says that he can be confident of the existence of the external objects because

    1. he directly sees his own body and external objects

    2. he cannot doubt his own existence

    3. God is not a deceiver

    4. innate ideas exist in every humanbeing

  11. According to Udayana

    1. God is the material cause of the world

    2. God is the efficient cause of the world

    3. God is both the material and the efficient cause of the world

    4. God creates good and evil in the world

  12. Which one of the following statements is correct according to Ramanuja?

    1. God can never be proved by inference. His existence has to be admitted on the testimony of scriptural texts and of those alone

    2. God can be proved by inference alone. Scriptural texts can only give some secondary support to this proof

    3. Inference and scriptural texts prove the existence of, God independently of each other

    4. Existence of God is a matter of personal faith and devotion. Neither reason nor scriptures can establish it

  13. The relation of the individual soul with God, according to Ramajuja, is

    1. Samavaya

    2. Samyoga

    3. Aprthaksiddhi

    4. Bhedabheda

  14. According to Ramajuja, Brahman is devoid of

    1. Sajatiya and vijatiya bheda

    2. Sajativa vijatiya and Svagatabheda

    3. Vijatiya and Svagatabheda

    4. Vijatiya and Svagatabheda

  15. ‘The third man argument’ aims to show that Plato's theory of Ideas involves

    1. inconsistent assertions

    2. circular reasoning

    3. petitio principlii

    4. infinite regress