Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice-Test 34 of 90)

  1. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the code given below the Lists:

    List-I (Theory) List-II (School of Thought)
    1. Prakriti Parinamvada

    2. Vivartavada

    3. Svabhavavada

    4. Brahman Parinamvada

    1. Advaita Vedanta

    2. Sankhya system

    3. Vishishtadvaita

    4. Carvakas

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
  2. Who among the following was obsessed with the intellectual love of God?

    1. Shankara

    2. Descartes

    3. Spinoza

    4. St. Augustine

  3. Which one of the following arguments for the existence of God is not accepted by St. Aquines?

    1. The argument from motion

    2. The argument from the governance of the world

    3. The argument from the gradation to be found in things

    4. The ontological argument

  4. St. Augustine argues that when a will chooses evil, the cause of the choice is

    1. God

    2. Satan

    3. Lack of Knowledge

    4. Nature

  5. ‘God I understand to be a being absolutely infinite, that is, a substance consisting of infinite attributes, each of which expresses eternal and infinite essence.’ This definition of God is given by

    1. Descartes

    2. Leibnitz

    3. Locke

    4. Spinoza

  6. Descartes one of the arguments to prove God's existence is that every effect must have an adequate cause the argument is based on the principal of

    1. Sufficient reason

    2. nihil ex nihilo fit

    3. Continuity

    4. Modus ponens

  7. ‘Consciousness is not an essential characteristic of the soul.’ Whose view is this?

    1. Carvakas

    2. Nyaya-Vaisesika

    3. Sankhya-yoga

    4. Jainism

  8. Which one of the following distinctions exists in Brahman according to Ramanuja

    1. Vijatiya

    2. Sajatiya

    3. Svagata

    4. Bahya

  9. Which one of the following is not acceptable to Ramanuja?

    1. Brahman is qualified

    2. Brahman is Ishvara

    3. Jivas merge in Ishwara and have no separate identity

    4. Jivas is not identical with Bahman

  10. The view that universals have no existence independently of being thought and are more names, is held by

    1. Conceptualists

    2. Realists

    3. Nominalists

    4. Critical realists

  11. Which one of the following statements illustrates Platonic theory of universals?

    1. Universals alone are real

    2. Universals and particulars are equally real

    3. Universals are copies of particulars

    4. Universals are not real entities but are only concepts

  12. Which one of the following is not consistent with Aristotle's conception of matter and form?

    1. Matter and form are inseparable

    2. Form is universal, matter is particular

    3. Matter and form are absolute terms

    4. Matter and form are relative terms

  13. According to Berkeley, which of the following statements are correct?

    1. The abstract general ideas are rejected

    2. It is not possible to frame an idea of a triangle which includes all the characteristics of different types

    3. The general ideas, too, have no function to perform.

    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 2 and 3

    3. 1 and 3

    4. 1, 2 and 3

  14. Consider the following statements concerning Nyaya-Vaisesika:

    1. Universals and particulars are mere subjective concepts in mind

    2. Universals reside in substances, qualities and actions

    3. A universal can subsist in another universal

    4. Both particulars and universals are separately real

    Which of these statements are correct?

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 2 and 4

    3. 1 and 3

    4. 2 and 3

  15. Which one of the following is correct according to Nyaya?

    1. Samanya is unreal

    2. Samana is non-eternal

    3. Samanya is an objective entity

    4. Samanya is a subjective concept