Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice-Test 36 of 90)

  1. Consider the following five links in the chain of causation in Buddhism:

    1. Clinging (Upadana)

    2. Six organs of knowledge (sadayatana)

    3. Sense contaxt (sparsa)

    4. Sense experience (vedana)

    5. Thirst (trsna)

    The correct chronological sequence of these links is:

    1. 2, 1, 3, 4, 5

    2. 5, 2, 1, 4, 3

    3. 2, 3, 4, 5, 1

    4. 2, 1, 4, 3, 5

  2. Which is the most important means for attaining nirvana?

    1. tapah

    2. anasakti

    3. astangamarga

    4. atmahuti

  3. Consider the following four truths:

    1. There is cessation of suffering.

    2. There is a way leading to the cessation of suffering.

    3. There is suffering.

    4. There is cause of suffering

    The correct order of the above truths is:

    1. 1, 2, 3, 4

    2. 3, 4, 2, 1

    3. 4, 3, 1, 2

    4. 3, 4, 1, 2

  4. Which one of the following is not presupposed by Gandhi in his idea of Satyagraha?

    1. Contingency of evil in man

    2. Contingency of goodness in man

    3. Identity of Truth and God

    4. Eventual triumph of non-violence

  5. Which of the following views were held by Gandhi?

    1. The means may be likened to a seed, the end to a tree.

    2. There is no wall of separation between means and end

    3. The realization of the goal is proportional to the means employed.

    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 2 and 3

    3. 1 and 3

    4. 1, 2 and 3

  6. The fact-value distinction is rejected by

    1. Kant

    2. Hume

    3. Hare

    4. Hegal

  7. A man who seeks pleasure and fails to get it, is facing the paradox of

    1. Eudaemonism

    2. Rigorism

    3. Altruism

    4. Hedonism

  8. Which one of the following is implied by ‘p-q’

    1. ~ (~ p ~ q) -~ (~ p. q)

    2. ~ (~ p-~ q) -~ (~ p-q)

    3. p- (p. q)

    4. (p-q) (p-~ q).

    • Assertion (A): According to Kant, moral philosophy can have an empirical component.
    • Reason (R): According to Kant, moral philosophy has to formulate its laws for the will of man as affected by nature.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Perfect peace in Buddhism is not in the pleasures gained through the fulfilment of desires.
    • Reason (R): Perfect peace in Buddhism is a state of calmness, evenness and passionless self possession.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): There is lack of entailment between description and prescription.
    • Reason (R): Description and prescription have different functions in language.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Atman cannot be the agent of actio.
    • Reason (R): The five causes adhistana, karta, karma, cesta and daiva operating together lead to successful completion of action.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Means must also be as pure as are our ends.
    • Reason (R): Ultimately means are necessary part of the end itself.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): OAO is a valid mood in 2nd figure.
    • Reason (R): The middle term is properly distributed.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Carvaka did not favour the use of inference to establish metaphysical categories.
    • Reason (R): He believed that through inference we can acquire indubitable knowledge.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true