Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice-Test 37 of 90)

    • Assertion (A): Shankara repeatedly asserts that the absolute can be realized through knowledge and knowledge alon.
    • Reason (R): Knowledge only removes ignorance and then reality shines forth by itself.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): For an advaitin, ‘tat tvam asi’ gives an identity statement.
    • Reason (R): This statment has to be interpreted with the help of laksanavtti.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Some universal affirmative propositions distribute both the subect and the predicate.
    • Reason (R): Both the subject and the predicate are equal in quantity in such cases.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): In Moore's view goodness is unanalysable.
    • Reason (R): Goodness is indefinable.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Freedom of rational will and necessity of natural causality are compatible.
    • Reason (R): Necessity of natural causality relates the action to its consequences, while freedom of rational will relate the agent to the choice of action.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

  1. Consider the Venn Diagram: (a) S P M Which one of the following symbolic arguments does it represent correctly?

    1. SP 0 MS 0 PM 0- = = =

    2. SP 0 SM 0 MP 0- = = =

    3. SP 0 MS 0 PM 0- = =

    SP 0

    MS 0

    PM 0- = =

  2. Which of the following Venn diagrammes shows the valid deduction of conclusion: No S is P?

    1. S P M

    2. S P M

    3. S P M

    S P

    M

  3. ‘Matter does not exist, since matter has no consciousness and whatever has consciousness exists’ is shown invalid by which one of the following venn diagrammes?

    1. S P M

    2. S P M

    3. S P M

    S P

    M

  4. The syllogism ‘Light’ is not a material body since light is not a gravitating body and every gravitating body is a material body commits the fallacy of:

    1. Illicit minor term

    2. Undistributed middle term

    3. Ambiguous minor term

    4. Illicit major term

  5. ‘None but true Yogis are qualified for the highest mystical experiences and only true Yogis are saints. Therefore, only saints are qualified for the highest mystical experiences.’ What fallacy is committed in the above syllogism?

    1. Existential fallacy

    2. Fallacy of illicit major

    3. Fallacy of illicit minor

    4. Fallacy of updistributed middle

  6. From IE as premises no cluclusion can be drawn because it involves

    1. The fallacy of undistributed middle

    2. The fallacy of illicit minor

    3. The fallacy of illicit major

    4. Existential fallacy

  7. Consider the following sentences:

    1. If today is Saturday, tomorrow will be Sunday.

    2. Since today is Saturday, tomorrow will be Sunday.

    Of the sentences given above:

    1. 1 is an argument and 2 is not an argument

    2. 1 is not an argument and 2 is an argument

    3. Both 1 and 2 are arguments

    4. Neither 1 nor 2 is correct

  8. Which one of the following is a tautology?

    1. (p- (p-q) ) -q

    2. p- ( (p-q) -q)

    3. p- (p- (q. ~ q) )

    4. p- (p- (q. ~ q) )

  9. Which one of the following is correct truth functional symbolization of the sentrence. ‘Unless logic is difficult, Adbul will pass if he concentrates’ (P: Logic is difficult, Q: Abdul will pass; R: Abdul concentrates)?

    1. p- (R-Q)

    2. ~ p- (Q-R)

    3. ~ p- (R-Q)

    4. P- (R-Q)

  10. Which one of the following is correct truth functional symbolization of the sentence. “It is not the case that Abdul will secure employment provided that the text is readable, then he will marry only if he concentrates” (P: Abdul will secure employment; Q: The text is readable; R: Abdul will marry; S: Abdul concentrates)?

    1. ~ (Q P) - (S-R)

    2. ~ (Q-~ P) - (R-S)

    3. ~ (Q-P) - (R-S)

    4. (Q-P) -~ (R-S)