Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice-Test 4 of 90)

  1. Consider the following statements: According to the Nyaya-Vaisesika school

    1. light is the absence of darkness

    2. darkness is the absence of light

    3. darkness is a distinct substance

    4. our perception of colour & movement in darkness is illusory

    Which of the above statements are correct?

    1. 1 and 3

    2. 2 and 4

    3. 1 and 4

    4. 3 and 4

  2. Nyaya-Vaisesika philosophy is both

    1. realistic and dualistic

    2. realistic and monistic

    3. realistic and pluralistic

    4. idealistic and monistic

  3. In Vaisesika system, the six positive categories are:

    1. Samavaya, Samanya, Samyoga, Dravya, Guna, Karma

    2. Samavaya, Samanya, Visesa, Dravya, Guna, Karma

    3. Atman, Manas, ViS'esa, Dravya, Guna, Karma

    4. Samavaya, Samanya, Visesa, Dravya

    Guna, Paramanu

  4. Which one of the following sets does NOT come under the twelve links of causation?

    1. Birth-ignorance-sense object contact

    2. Name and form-sensation-desire

    3. Ignorance-consciousness-name and form

    4. Birth-death-Nirvana

  5. According to Buddhism, one need NOT admit pudgala to explain punarjanma, because

    1. there is not transmigration

    2. transmigration can be explained by simply postulating suksmasarira

    3. transmigration becomes inexplicable if we admit self

    4. a causally connected series of psychophysical states can also transmigrate

  6. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer:

    List-I (Philosophers) List-II (Tenets)
    1. Aristotle

    2. Shankara

    3. Ramanuja

    4. Thomas Aquinas

    1. Analogical predication

    2. aprthaksiddhi

    3. Panci karana

    4. Pure Form

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
  7. Which one of the following is NOT accepted by Thomas Aquinas?

    1. The cause must be prior to the effect

    2. The causal regress cannot be infinite

    3. No contingent thing would exist now unless there is a necessary first cause

    4. The existence of God can be inferred from the very idea of God

  8. Which one of the following statements is true according to St. Augustine?

    1. Man has a measure of freedom to respond to or reject, the offer of grace from God

    2. Man has absolutely no freedom

    3. a rational man with reason as his unfailing guide is absolutely free

    4. Man becomes free only when he realises that he is identical with God

  9. Which one of the following statements is associated with Spinoza?

    1. Mind and body are two independent entities in perfect harmony with each other

    2. Mind and body interact and there is a causal relation between the two

    3. Mind and body are not two independent substances but are two parallel manifestations of the same reality

    4. Mind is an epiphenomenon of the body

  10. The view that one may consider God both as Natura naturans and Natura naturata is maintained by

    1. Thomas Aquinas

    2. Spinoza

    3. Descartes

    4. St. Augustine

  11. When Spinoza says that God is free, it implies that

    1. God could have chosen not to create the world

    2. God could have chosen to create a world different from the existing one

    3. God freely exercises his will to promote human welfare

    4. God is determined in his actions by himself alone

  12. According to Descartes, our knowledge of the existence of the external world is a/an

    1. self-evident truth

    2. innate principle

    3. perceptual knowledge

    4. inferred knowledge

  13. According to Shankara Vedanta, the relation between Maya and Brahman is

    1. Vastavika

    2. Svatah-Siddha

    3. Aupadhika

    4. Karyakaranabhava

  14. In which one of the following orders did Descartes prove the existence of God?

    1. God, Matter, Self

    2. Self, Matter, God

    3. God, Self, Matter

    4. Self, God, Matter

  15. According to S'ankara, Brahman is

    1. the totality of mind and matter

    2. pure consciousness

    3. a series of momentary cognitions

    4. identical with Prakrti