Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice-Test 40 of 90)

  1. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

      • Duration
      • Of two pleasures otherwise equal, the more durable will be better
      • Intensity
      • One pleasure may be more intense than the other
      • Extensity
      • One pleasure may be shared by a larger number of persons than another
      • Quality
      • One pleasure may be same as well as different from the other
  2. The categorical imperative is so called because the imperative is obligatory

    1. Psychologically

    2. Religiously

    3. Rationally

    4. Socially

  3. Which one of the following are moral postulates according to Kant?

    1. Reality of time and transcendentality of self.

    2. Existence of God and the autonomy of will.

    3. The reality of evil and the grace of God.

    4. Freedom of will and immortality of the soul.

    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 1, 2 and 3

    3. 3 and 4

    4. 2 and 4

  4. Categorical imperative is a

    1. Synthetic a priori practical proposition

    2. Analytic a priori theoretical proposition

    3. Synthetic a posteriori practical proposition

    4. Analytic a posteriori practical proposition

  5. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

      • I Kant
      • Moral principles are commands of reason
      • J S Mill
      • Pleasure is desirable because people do desire pleasure
      • J Bentham
      • Nature has placed mankind under the governance of two sovernance of two sovereign masters, pain and pleasure
      • GE Moore
      • Moral rules are empirical generalization
  6. Under which one of the following ethical theories, can Carvaka view on ethics and morality be classified?

    1. Rigorism

    2. Altruism

    3. Hedonism

    4. Perfectionism

  7. If man's will is free then which one of the following cannot be accepted?

    1. A man could have done otherwise if he had chosen

    2. He could have chosen otherwise

    3. His choice is the result of previous causes

    4. He choose after full deliberation of alternatives

  8. Consider the following statements: The principle: ‘Greatest happiness of the greatest number’ is

    1. an egoistic principle

    2. a principle of utility

    3. a maximizing principle

    4. a teleological principle

    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 1, 3 and 4

    3. 2, 3 and 4

    4. 1, 2 and 4

  9. According to Bentham ‘extent of a pleasure’ means

    1. shareability with other people

    2. proximity intime

    3. bringing along other pleasures

    4. freedom from pain

  10. Which of the following is correct? Mill is not a consistent hedonist because he admits

    1. qualitative distincitons of pleasures

    2. internal sanctions of duty

    3. feeling of remorse for not doing our duty

    4. All of the above three

  11. Consider the following statements:

    1. The Kantian command of treating another person as an end means:

    2. We are obliged to promote our happiness at his cost.

    3. We are never to use him as an instrument

    4. We are to respect his human worth

    Not even God is ‘allowed’ to treat him as means

    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 2, 3 and 4

    3. 1, 2 and 4

    4. 1, 3 and 4

  12. For Kant, in comparison to an action done out of goodwill, an action done out of goodwill mixed with the inclination of benevolence is of

    1. superior moral worth

    2. inferior moral worth

    3. equal moral worth

    4. mixed moral worth

  13. Consider the following statements:

    1. According to naturalism, moral judgements are like factual statements, because they are descripting

    2. cognitive

    3. evaluative

    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 1 and 2

    3. 2 and 3

    4. 1 and 3

  14. Consider the following statements: Descriptivism does not distinguist between moral judgements and descriptive statements, because it believes that

    1. moral judgements canhave descriptive components

    2. moral judgements can have truth values

    3. descriptive statements can have moral components

    4. moral judgements and descriptive statements are not distinguishable at all

    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 2, 3 and 4

    3. 1, 3 and 4

    4. 1, 2 and 4

  15. Freedom of the will is a postulate of morality. ‘Postulate’ here means:

    1. Temporally prior

    2. Presupposition

    3. Hypothesis in need of verification

    4. None of the above three