Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice-Test 48 of 90)

  1. If any standard'form categorical syllogism contains exactly three terms, each of which is distributed in both of its occurrences, that syllogism will

    1. certainly be valid

    2. be invalid, committing the fallacy of exclusive

    3. be invalid, committing the existential fallcy

    4. be invalid, committing the fallcy of illicit major

  2. Consider the following syllogism: No professors are saint. Only graduates are professors. No graduates are saints. What logical fallacy has been committed in the above syllogism?

    1. Undistributed middle

    2. Four terms

    3. Illicit major

    4. Illicit minor

  3. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the code given below the Lists:

    List-I List-II
    1. Illicit Major

    2. Illicit Minor

    3. Undistributed Middle

    4. No fallacy

    1. M e P M a S S e P

    2. P o M M a S S o P

    3. P e M S a M S e P

    4. M i P S a M S i P

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
  4. Which one of the following statements is true from the modern logician's point of view?

    1. Exclusive ‘or’ implies nonexclusive ‘or’

    2. Nonexclusive ‘or’ implies exclusive ‘or’

    3. ‘The conditional or its coverse’ is not a tautology

    4. A truth-functional conditional implies a causal conditional

  5. Match List-I (Sentences) with List-II (Symboliations of Sentences) given in List-I and select the correct answer using the code given below the Lists:

    List-I List-II
    1. Unless a shouts B will go on teasing

    2. B will not stop teasing unless A shouts

    3. Unless both A and B enter the class, neither of them does

    4. It is not the case that either A nor B will come

    1. A. B-~ A-B

    2. ~ [~ A-B]

    3. A-B

    4. ~ B-A

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
  6. A valid standard-form categorical syllogism can have its middle term distributed in both the premisses in traditional logic in

    1. the first and the second figures

    2. the second and the third figures

    3. the third and the fourth figures

    4. no figures

  7. Match List-I (Truth Functions) with List-II (Definition of Truth Functions) and select the correct answer using the code given below the Lists:

    List-I List-II
    1. Function p-q

    2. Function ~ p-q

    3. Function p-~ q

    4. Function ~ p-~ q

    1. Definition p-~ q

    2. Definition ~ p-q

    3. Definition p-q

    4. Definition ~ p-~ q

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
  8. The nature of a statement of fact and a statement value is such that

    1. both can take truth values

    2. both are about attitudes

    3. both state the facts

    4. the former states the fact and the latter indicates the attitude

  9. Which one of the following versions of right action is acceptable to Kant?

    1. Right action is conducive to pleasure

    2. Right action is conducive to perfection

    3. Right action is that which involves the sense of ‘ought’

    4. Right action is conducive to selfsacrifice

  10. A teleological ethical perspective counts an action as good if any only if

    1. the action is motivated

    2. one is aware of the action

    3. one is aware of the consequences

    4. it leads to good consequences

  11. Consider the following three definitions of good:

    1. Good is pleasure

    2. Good is happiness

    3. Good is realization of human excellence

    Which one of the following is the correct sequence of the associated doctrines of the above?

    1. Eudaimonism-Hedonism-Perfectionism

    2. Eudaimonism-Perfectionism-Hedonism

    3. Hedonism-Perfectionism-Eudaimonism

    4. Hedonism-Eudaimonism-

    Perfectionism

  12. Which one of the following is the mark of a moral philosoher?

    1. He is to guide people in the practice of right conduct

    2. He is to guide people in the art of living a good life

    3. He is to moralize the people by way of preaching morals

    4. He is to study the body of knowledge relating to moral standards and principles

  13. According to J S Mill, utilitarianism means which of the following?

    1. Pleasures differ in quantity as well as in quality

    2. The greatest happiness of the greatest number

    3. Motives determine the value of actions

    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    1. 2 and 3

    2. 1 and 2

    3. 1 and 3

    4. 1, 2 and 3

  14. If a philosopher accepts that society is rightly ordered when its major institutions are arranged so as to achieve the greatest net balance of satisfaction over all the individuals belonging to it, then he is a

    1. Perfectionist

    2. Utilitarian

    3. Deontologist

    4. Moral sense theorist

  15. Which of the following statements is/are correct according to Bentham's Hedonistic calculus?

    1. Pleasure is pure when it is unmixed with pain

    2. The only standard of valuation of pleasure is quantitative

    3. Calculate the comparative values of pleasures

    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    1. 1 and 3

    2. 1 and 2

    3. 2 and 3

    4. 3 only