Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice-Test 49 of 90)

  1. In a conditional statement what is asserted is

    1. the relation between its antecedent and consequent

    2. the relationship between its antecedent and consequent in the order

    3. if antecedent is true its consequent may be false

    4. its antecedent is true

  2. The correct symbolization of the sentence ‘If S does not tease then neither T will shout nor U will be angry’ is

    1. ~ S- (T-U)

    2. ~ (T-U) -~ S

    3. (T-U) -~ S

    4. ( (~ P-S) -R)

  3. Which one of the following is the correct truth-functional symbolization of ‘Unless logic is difficult, Ashish will pass if he concentrates’ P: Logic is difficult; R: Ashish will pass; S: Ashish concentrates.

    1. (~ P- (S-R) )

    2. (P- (S-R) )

    3. (T-U) -~ S

    4. (P-S) -R

  4. Which one of the following statements is correct?

    1. A conjunctive statement is true if both of its conjuncts

    2. A disjunctive statement is true if both of its disjuncts are false

    3. A conditional statement is false if its antecedent is true and consequent is true

    4. A biconditional is true if both the conditionals have the same truth value.

  5. Which one of the following statements is correct? A standard from categorical syllogism commits the Existential Fallacy if

    1. the premises and the conclusion do not have existential import.

    2. the conclusion does not have existential import while the premises have.

    3. all the premises lack existential import while the conclusion does not.

    4. all the premises and the conclusion have the existential import.

  6. Match List-I (Syllogistic Argument) with List-II (Name of the Fallacies Committed by the Argument) and select the correct answer using the code given below

    List-I List-II
    1. No man is made of paper. All pages are men-No pages are made of paper

    2. All matter gravitates. Air gravitates-Air is matter

    3. All men are moral. All men are rational-All rational beings are moral

    4. Whatever things, exists matter does not think-Matter does not exist

    1. Fallacy of undistributed middle

    2. Fallacy of illicit minor

    3. Fallacy of major

    4. Fallacy of ambigious minor

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
  7. Consider the following Venn diagram on Essential commodities

    1. The diagram does not validate the syllogism ‘All beautiful cars are expensive things, no essential commodity is an expensive thing, so no beautiful car is an essential commodity.’

    2. The diagram validates the syllogism mentioned in (a)

    3. The diagram is inconclusive about the validity of the above mentioned syllogism

    4. The diagram has no relevance to the above mentioned syllogism

  8. Foor mood IAI-2, which one of the following diagrams is correct?

    1. S P M X

    2. X S P M

    3. M X S P

    4. M S P X

  9. Consider the following argument: No P is M Some M are S-Some S are not P The correct testing by Venn Diagram of the above argument has been done in

    1. shareability with other people

    2. proximity intime

    3. bringing along other pleasures

    4. freedom from pain

  10. Match List-I (Proposition) with List-II (Type of Proposition) and select the correct answer using the code given below:

    List-I List-II
    1. All S are P

    2. No S is P

    3. Some S are not P

    4. Some S are P

    1. Universal negative

    2. Universal affirmative

    3. Particular affirmative

    4. Particular negative

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
  11. The figure of a syllogism is determined by the position of the

    1. Major term

    2. Minor term

    3. Middle term

    4. Copula

  12. Which one of the following sets of rules are specific to Figure II?

    1. The minor must be affirmative The conclusion must be particular

    2. The minor premise must be affirmative. The major premise must be universal

    3. The premises must differ in quality. The major must be universal

    4. If the major premise is affirmative, the minor is universal. If either premise is negative, the major must be universal.

    If the minor is affirmative, the conclusion is particular.

  13. Match List-I (Proposition) with List-II (Relation) and select the correct answer using the code given below:

    List-I List-II
    1. O and A

    2. A and I

    3. E and A

    1. Contradictory

    2. Contrary

    3. Sub-contrary

    • A
    • B
    • C
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
  14. The position of the middle term in the Fourth Figure is

    1. Predicate of the major and subject of the minor

    2. Subject of the major and predicate of the minor

    3. Subject of both the premises

    4. Predicate of both the premises

  15. ‘(A. B) -C’ is equivalent to

    1. ~ A- (~ B-C)

    2. A- (~ B-C)

    3. ~ A- (B-C)

    4. ~ A-~ (B-C)