Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice-Test 5 of 90)

  1. Ramanuja admitted that

    1. the world and souls are as real as God Himself

    2. Should are as real as God, but the world is unreal

    3. God alone is real, the world and souls are unreal

    4. though real, souls are created and destroyed by God

  2. On the question of describing the relation of Forms to particulars, Plato said that

    1. Forms participate in their particulars

    2. Particulars participate in their Forms

    3. Forms are abstracted from particulars

    4. Particulars are caused by Forms

  3. In the philosophy of Plato, ‘ideas’ are

    1. real but not existent

    2. existent but unreal

    3. neither existent nor real

    4. both existent and real

  4. Consider the following statements:

    1. Universals are absolute and ultimate realities

    2. Each universal is a unity

    3. Universals are immutable and imperishable

    4. Universals cannot exist without particulars

    Which of these statements have been attributed to Plato?

    1. 1, 2 and 4

    2. 2, 3 and 4

    3. 1, 3 and 4

    4. 1, 2 and 3

  5. ‘A musician is not a special kindof man, as man is a special kind of animal the is simply a man with a certain characteristic.’ This view is admitted by

    1. Plato

    2. Locke

    3. Berkeley

    4. Aristotle

  6. Which one of the following does NOT figure in. Berkeley's rejection of abstract ideas?

    1. There is no such thing in any mind as an abstract idea

    2. Knowledge of external world is possible without the abstract idea matter

    3. Acceptance of abstract ideas leads to atheism and materialism

    4. a particular idea can be made to represent all other particular ideas of the same sort

  7. According to Nyaya-Vaisesika school, the property abhavatva is NOT a universal, since

    1. it is co-extensive with some other universal

    2. it does not reside in its locus through the relation known as samavaya

    3. admission of absencehood as a universal is prevented by the very nature of its locus

    4. admission of absencehood as a universal is prevented by the very nature of its locus

  8. ‘We accept inference if it is corroborated by perception. But we deny inference if it cannot be so corroborated.’ This view is held by

    1. Vaisesikas

    2. a school of Buddhist logicians

    3. a school of Carvakas

    4. Tantrikas

  9. According to the Nyaya school, when one visually perceives the fragrance of a distance sandalwood, it is a case of

    1. perception due to samanyalaksana sannikarsa

    2. perception due to yogaja sannikarsa

    3. nirvikalpaka perception

    4. perception due to jnanalaksana sannikarsa

  10. In Sesavat anumana, we infer

    1. the unperceived cause from a perceived effect

    2. by analogy with examples

    3. not on the basis of causation but on uniformity of co-existence

    4. the unperceived effect from a perceived cause.

  11. ‘Sabda and Upamana are not independent pramanas as they are reducible to anumana.’ This is the view of

    1. Naiyasyikas

    2. Vaisesikas

    3. Vedanta

    4. Prabhakara Mimamsakas

  12. Which one of the following pairs is NOT admitted by the Vaisesika school?

    1. Savikalpaka pratyaksa and nirvikalpaka pratyaksa

    2. Svarthanumana and parathamumana

    3. ambhava and smrti

    4. Drstarthapatti and srutarthapatti

  13. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer:

    List-I (Status) List-II (Cognitions)
    1. Karana

    2. Vyapara

    3. Sahakarikarana

    4. Phala

    1. Sabdabodha

    2. Saktijnana

    3. Padarthajnana

    4. Padajnana

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
  14. According to the Nyaya school, Anumiti is possible without

    1. Paksa-jnana

    2. Paramarsa-jnana

    3. Sadhya-jnana

    4. Udaharana-jnana

  15. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer:

    List-I (Buddhist schools) List-II (Tenets)
    1. Vaibhasika

    2. Madhyamika

    3. Yogacara

    4. Sautrantika

    1. External objects are known by inference

    2. External objects are directly perceived.

    3. The knower, the known and the knowledge are mutually dependent

    4. Things in the external world are actually internal states of cognition

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4