Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice-Test 50 of 90)

  1. Which one of the following does not hold?

    1. The connective V dn be expressed using only ~ &-

    2. The connective-doesn't be expressed using only ~ &-

    3. The connective-cannot be expressed using only ~ &-

    4. The connective V cannot be expressed using only-&-

  2. A: P- (~ pQ) -~ Q B: ~ (P-Q) - (P-~ Q) Which one of the following alternatives correctly states whether the above are tautologies, contradictions, or contingent?

    1. A is a tautology while B is a contradiction

    2. A is contingent while B is a tautology

    3. Both A and B are contingent

    4. A is a tautology while B is contingent

  3. Which one of the following forms is logically equivalent?

    1. (p-q) - (~ q-~ p)

    2. (p-q) - (~ p-~ q)

    3. (p-q) - (~ p-q)

    4. (p-q) - (~ p-~ q)

  4. The complete truth-table for the statement ‘{p- (Q. R) }- (S. T)’ will have

    1. 16 rows

    2. 32 rows

    3. 42 rows

    4. 64 rows

  5. Which of the following statements are true of rules of replacement?

    1. If A is derived by a rule a replacement from B then B can also be derived from A by it.

    2. If A and B are equivalent then either of them can be replaced by the other with the help of a rule of replacement.

    3. The rule of replacement can be applied either to a whole statement or to a part of it.

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 2 and 3

    3. 1 and 3

    4. 1, 2 and 3

  6. Which one of the following statements is correct? The judgements of normative sciences have

    1. axiological nature

    2. factual nature

    3. analytical nature

    4. dialectical nature

  7. Which of the following philosophers accept the fact-value dichotomy?

    1. Hume

    2. Hegel

    3. Hare

    4. Moore

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 2 and 3

    3. 1, 2 and 3

    4. 1, 3 and 4

  8. Which one of the following statements is correct? The similarity between ‘A is a good man’ and ‘C is a good motor car’ is explained by saying that both are

    1. factual statements

    2. moral value judgements

    3. value judgements

    4. non-moral value judgements

  9. The distinction betwen fact and value is drawn by

    1. Mill

    2. Mill and Kant

    3. Kant, Mill and Hare

    4. Kant, Moore and Hare

  10. In an ethical theory the good is defined independently of the right and then the right is defined as that which maximises the good. What kind of ethical theory is this?

    1. Deontological

    2. Teleological

    3. Intuitionistic

    4. Hedonistic

  11. Ethics of the Gita can best be described as an instance of

    1. Act-deontology

    2. Rule-utilitarianism

    3. Rule-deontology

    4. Act-utilitarianism

  12. Match List-I (Theory) with List-II (School) and select the correct answer using the code given below:

    List-I List-II
    1. Only Dharma is real

    2. Only Dharmi is real

    3. Both Dharma & Dharmi are real

    4. Neither Dharma nor Dharmi is real

    1. Nyaya-Vaisesika

    2. Sautrantika

    3. Madhyamika

    4. Advaita Vedanta

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
  13. Which one of the following is correct about act-utilita-rianism?

    1. It is based on hedonistic calculus

    2. Pleasure is desirable because it is desired

    3. One ought to tell what is right by appealing directly to considerations of utility.

    4. For deciding rightness or wrongness in a particular situation one is to refer to the prevalent rules.

  14. Which of the following statements defines ‘Psycho-logical Hedonism’

    1. One ought to seek one's own pleasure.

    2. Greatest happiness of greatest number is good.

    3. Everyone seeks one's own pleasure.

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 2 and 3

    3. 1, 2 and 3

    4. 3 only

  15. The theory which holds that rightness or wrongness of every particular action is judged by applying to it the principle of ‘the greatest happiness of the greatest number’ is called

    1. Hedonistic act-utilitarianism

    2. Ideal act-utilitarianism

    3. Hedonistic rule-utilitarianism

    4. Ideal rule-utilitarianism