Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice-Test 52 of 90)

  1. Consistency or inconsitency is the mark of truth and error. This view is maintained by

    1. Correspondence theory of truth

    2. Pragmatic theory of truth

    3. Self-evidence theory of truth

    4. Coherence theory of truth

  2. Which one of the following is not correct according to Stevenson's ethical theory?

    1. Moral terms have a magnetism.

    2. The scientific method of verification is not sufficient for ethics.

    3. Ethical disputes involve both disagreement unbelief and disagreement in attitude.

    4. An agreement in belief can never settle an ethical dispute.

  3. ‘Svadharma’ in Gita means

    1. Samanya dharma

    2. Yug dharma

    3. Varna dharma

    4. Raj dharma

  4. Which one of the following correctly describes Nirvana?

    1. Extinction of existence

    2. Extinction of desires

    3. Attainment of perfect peace

    4. Extinction of misery through stopping of rebirth

  5. Consider the following:

    1. Unanxious in sorrows

    2. No desire for happiness

    3. No attachment for worldly things

    4. Without fear and anger

    Which of the above are marks of

    Sthitaprajana?

    1. 1, 2, 3 and 4

    2. 1 and 2

    3. 3 and 4

    4. 1 and 4

  6. Consider the following statements:

    1. Liberation is the expulsion of master from the soul

    2. Liberation means cessation of both matter and soul.

    3. Liberation means cessation of bondage.

    4. Liberation consists in the knowledge of the world.

    Which of the statements given above is/are correct according to Jainism?

    1. 1 only

    2. 1 and 2

    3. 1 and 3

    4. 2, 3 and 4

    • Assertion (A): That there could exist a tree apart from, and independent of mind is inconceivable.
    • Reason (R): Trying to conceive a tree existing unperceived would require bringing the tree in question into relation with the perceiving of it.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): According to Buddhism, there is no unconditional relation between cause and effect.
    • Reason (R): The soul is compound of five elements.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Thomas Acquinas maintained that humans are a union of both immaterial soul and material body.
    • Reason (R): The angles requested God to make humans in this way.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): A corresponding statement form of an invalid argument form is always contradictory.
    • Reason (R): A false consequence with a true antecedent is always false.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): According to Spinoza, God is indeterminate.
    • Reason (R): Every determination is negation.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): According to St. Augustine, God's creation of the world is a continuous creation.
    • Reason (R): Unless sustained continuously by God, the world will dissolve.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): According to Spinoza, there can be only one substance.
    • Reason (R): If there were more than one substance, they would take away their self sufficiency.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): No finite object or mind is a direct effect of the substance of God.
    • Reason (R): Each finite thing has its efficient cause in some other finite thing.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Ethical judgements cannot be rationally resolved.
    • Reason (R): Ethical judgements express emotions.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true