Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice-Test 53 of 90)

  1. Consider the following statements regarding why God is only apprehended and never comprehended:

    1. Human apprehension is inferior to divine comprehension.

    2. Humans do not possess the infinite mode necessary for comprehending God.

    3. God's essence is identical to its existence.

    4. God alone can comphehand God.

    Which one of the statements given above are true of Aquinas?

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 2 and 3

    3. 2 and 4

    4. 3 and 4

  2. Which one of the following is the most important reason for Berkeley's Idealism?

    1. Nominalistic attitude

    2. Solipsistic attitude

    3. Faith in God

    4. Logical consequences of Locke's distinction between primary and secondary qualities

  3. Which one of the following philosphers was most antagonistic to the distinction between primary and secondary qualities of a substance?

    1. Descartes

    2. Spinoza

    3. Berkeley

    4. Locke

  4. Which one of the following is related to ‘Secondary qualities’ according to Locke?

    1. Inseparable qualities of bodies

    2. Adventitious qualities of bodies

    3. Ideas produced in the mind bodies

    4. Some powers of bodies to produce ideas

  5. Match List-I (Theory) with List-II (School) and select the correct answer using the code given below:

    List-I List-II
    1. Plato

    2. Aristotle

    3. Descartes

    4. Spinoza

    1. God is one substance and has infinite attributes

    2. Substance is an eternal archetype

    3. Substance is the compound of universal and particular

    4. God is an absolute substance; mind and matter are relative substances

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
  6. Consider the following statements:

    1. A material substance (or body) is the substratum of material qualities.

    2. A spiritual substance (or mind) is the substratum of mental qualities.

    3. A material substance is known through sense experience.

  7. Which of the statements given above are true of Locke?

    1. A material substance (or body) is the substratum of material qualities

    2. A spiritual substance (or mind) is the substratum of mental qualities

    3. A material substance is known through sense experience.

    Which of the statements given above are true of Locke?

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 2 and 3

    3. 1 and 3

    4. 1, 2 and 3

  8. Consider the following statements according to the Nyaya-Vaisesika philosophy:

    1. Quality (guna) is the cause of relation and division of objects.

    2. Quality resides in substance.

    3. Quality has no quality

    4. Quality is passive

    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 1, 3 and 4

    3. 1, 2 and 4

    4. 2, 3 and 4

  9. Which one of the following is an instance of atyantabhava according to the Nyaya-Vaisesika?

    1. Non-existence of cloth in pot

    2. Non-existence of form in air

    3. Non-existence of pot after its destruction

    4. Non-existence of pot before its production

  10. Which one of the following statement is not true of Spinoza?

    1. The causal-natural order of reality is contingent.

    2. The rational-intelligible order of reality is necessary.

    3. The causal-natural order parallels the rational-intelligible order.

    4. Both causal-natural order the rationalintelligible order have one and same ultimate source.

  11. According to Buddhism the doctrine of ‘pudgalan-airetmya’ means

    1. the affirmation of only an eternal spiritual substance and denial of the material

    2. the denial of an eternal substance, spiritual as well as material

    3. the affirmation of the material substance and denial of the spiritual

    4. the affirmation of an ultimate reality beyond both matter a spirit

  12. Consider the following statements:

    1. God created the world out of pure matter.

    2. Before God created the world there was neither time nor space.

    3. Man's body is the prison house of the soul.

    4. Evil is indispensable to the goodness of the world.

    Which of the statements given above was/were acceptable to St. Augustine?

    1. 1 only

    2. 2 and 4

    3. 1 and 3

    4. 3 only

  13. Consider the following statements:

    1. Substance is not absolute independent being

    2. Substance is self-caused

    3. Substance is a person

    4. Substance acts according to conscious purpose.

    Which of the statement (s) given below correctly describe (s) substance according to Spinoza?

    1. 1 and 4

    2. 2 only

    3. 3 and 4

    4. 1 and 3

  14. ‘The argument that the idea of God as the idea of a perfect, infinite being must have been placed, in me by an infinite being, or God, and hence God msut exist’ is

    1. an ontological proof advocated by Anselm

    2. not an ontological proof but advoctated by Anselm

    3. an ontological proof advocated by Descartes

    4. not an ontological proof but advocated by Descartes

  15. Consider the following statements:

    1. The soul is united to all the portions of the body conjointly.

    2. Passions of the should are caused by the soul itself.

    3. The seat of the passions of the soul is in the brain

    4. A small gland in the brain is the main seat of the soul.

    Which of the statements given above are correct according to Descartes?

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 2, 3 and 4

    3. 1, 3 and 4

    4. 1, 2 and 4