Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice-Test 57 of 90)

  1. Which one of the following is the correct statement? According to Aristotle, a substance which has no potentialities at all is

    1. not at all a substance

    2. non-being

    3. God

    4. material substance

  2. Match List-I (Philosopher) with List-II (Concept) and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists:

    List-I List-II
    1. Aristotle

    2. Thomas Aquinas

    3. Saint Augustine

    4. Rene Descartes

    1. Cogito ergo sum

    2. Neo-Platonist

    3. Scholasticism

    4. God a Pure form

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
  3. Which of the following statements are used in Descartes'proofs for the existence of God?

    1. There must be as much reality in the cause as in its effect.

    2. Something cannot come out of nothing.

    3. A finite being cannot be the cause of a being who has an idea of a perfect being.

    4. The fact that the idea of a perfect being is in me demonstrates the existence of

    God.

    Select the correct answer using the code given below

    1. 1 and 3 only

    2. 2, 3 and 4 only

    3. 1, 3 and 4 only

    4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

  4. Which one of the following is set of primary qualities according to Locke?

    1. Colour, sound and extension

    2. Colour. Solidity and motion

    3. Colour, sound and motion

    4. Extension, solidity and motion

  5. Which one of the following is the correct statement? According to Locke, the knowledge of the properties of substance is

    1. innate

    2. self-evident

    3. demonstrable

    4. probable

  6. ‘The clain that objects possess some qualities that do not change at all is wrong simply because there are never any qualities in objects that remain unchanged throughout our constantly changing perceptions.’ Who among the following did not accept this?

    1. Both Locke and Berkeley

    2. Berekely but not Locke

    3. Neither Locke nor Berkeley

    4. Locke but not Berkeley

  7. What do the Vaisesikas mean by categories (padarthas)

    1. Modes of predication

    2. Modes of understanding

    3. Dynamic stages of the development of thought

    4. Types of knowable objects or of reals

  8. Which one of the following is the correct statement? In Yogacare Buddhism the so called external object is only the knowable aspect or the object-condition of

    1. consciousness

    2. avoid

    3. mature

    4. matter

  9. Which of the following are acceptable to Thomas Aquina for his conception of theology?

    1. Theology must be restricted to revealed, type and it cannot be natural

    2. The mysteries of faith cannot be unintelligible but are simply beyond human understanding.

    3. The most important part of philosophy is devoted to matters of theology.

    4. The subject-matter of theology is the content of faith.

    Select the correct answer using the code given below

    1. 1, 2 and 3 only

    2. 1, 2 and 4 only

    3. 1, 3 and 4 only

    4. 2, 3 and 4 only

  10. Which one of the following is the view of the Vaiseskikas?

    1. Soul (Atman) is eternally conscious and it is plural in number.

    2. Soul is ultimately one which is pure consciousness as such

    3. Soul is eternal substance having consciousness as an accidental quality

    4. Soul is nothing but a by-product of body

  11. Consider the following statements: According to Augustine

    1. soul is an immaterial substance

    2. soul is created by the divine miracle in time

    3. soul has neither origination nor death

    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    1. 1 and 2 only

    2. 1 and 3 only

    3. 2 and 3 only

    4. 1, 2 and 3

  12. Which one the following is the correct statement? According to Saint Augustine, God created all things out of

    1. matter

    2. mind

    3. word

    4. nothing

  13. Which one of the following is not true of Spinoza's theory of substance?

    1. It is self-caused

    2. It is infinite extension and infinite thought

    3. It is at once physical as well as mental

    4. There is no correspondence between its physical and mental asects

  14. Which one of the following is correct according to Spinoza account of God?

    1. God is a personal being, benevolent and loving

    2. God is the highest Being, the creator of all other beings including the World

    3. God is the ultimate Reality that is selfcaused, self existent, self-determined and eternal substance

    4. God is good, without evil and is divinity par excellence to whom men are to pray out of full reverence

  15. Which one of the following statements is not true Descartes?

    1. I think, therefore I am

    2. Mind and body interact

    3. The existence of the world is selfevident

    4. Clarity and distinctness are criteria of truth