Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice-Test 59 of 90)

  1. Which one of the following is not the reason for Carvaka's denial of inference as pramana?

    1. The invariable concomitance cannot be proved among particulars

    2. Inference, if concerned with Samanyas, is an example of petitio principii

    3. The observed cases give no guarantee about unobserved cases

    4. Inference is of no use of the pursuit of worldly happiness

  2. The preception of all the pots through pontness residing in one pot is possible through the which kind of sense-object contact?

    1. Samanyalaksana

    2. Jnanalaksana

    3. Yogaja

    4. Samyukta-Samaveta-Samavaya

  3. Consider the following:

    1. Pratijna

    2. Hetu

    3. Nigamana

    4. Udaharana

    5. Upanaya

    What is the order of these of Naya

    Syllogism?

    1. 4 − 5 − 3 − 2 − 1

    2. 5 − 2 − 4 − 1 − 3

    3. 5 − 4 − 2 − 3 − 1

    4. 1 − 2 − 4 − 5 − 3

  4. Which one of the following is the correct statement? Buddhist logicians accept two and only two pramanas because according to them

    1. all other pramanas accepted by other are reducible to the two

    2. no other pramanas can give true cognition

    3. there are two and only two kinds of objects of pramanas

    4. Lord Buddha, the ultimate authority, advocate in his teaching only two pramanas.

  5. Which of the following statements are true of Buddhist Epistemology?

    1. Since all Buddhists accept the teaching of the Buddha authority is an independent source of valid knowledge for them.

    2. Although the Buddhists accept the teaching of the Buddha, authority is still not an independent source of valid knowledge in their epistemology.

    3. Inferred entities may also be perceived and perceived entities may also be inferred.

    4. Perceived entities cannot be inferred and inferred entities cannot also be perceived.

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    1. 1 and 3 only

    2. 2 and 4 only

    3. 1 and 4 only

    4. 2 and 3 only

  6. Which one of the following is not true according to Samkara?

    1. God is pure consciousness

    2. God is a self-conscious personality

    3. God is the efficient and material cause of the work

    4. God is transcendentally unreal (mithya)

  7. According to Russell, a theory of truth should be such that it makes truth a property wholly dependent upon the relation of beliefs to outside things. Which theory of truth satisfies this condition tile most?

    1. Coherence theory

    2. Correspondence theory

    3. Pragmatic theory

    4. Redundancy theory

  8. Who, among the following, supports the view that there are degrees of truth?

    1. Realists

    2. Idealists

    3. Positivists

    4. Agnostics

  9. Which one of the following is a consistent group with regard to the nature of truth?

    1. Hegel, Bradley, Joachim

    2. Locke, Berkeley, Hume

    3. James, Dewey, Locke

    4. Dewey, Schiller, Green

  10. If the Pragmatic Theory of Truth is accepted, which of the following statements will have to be accepted?

    1. Any key that successfully opens the lock, must be its true key.

    2. Since belief in God helps millions of people, it must be true.

    3. Rama must have visited South India because there are so many local records about it there

    4. Any key that cannot successfully open the lock, cannot be its true key

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    1. 3 and 4 only

    2. 1, 2 and 4 only

    3. 2 and 3 only

    4. 1 and 3 only

  11. Identify the logical demand made on us by Anirvacaniya Khyati:

    1. Acceptance of the exhaustive classification of objects into real and unreal.

    2. Acceptance of the unreal as real.

    3. Agreeing that there are entities that are neither real nor unreal.

    4. Mistaking some real objects for some other real objects.

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    1. 1 and 2 only

    2. 2 and 4 only

    3. 4 only

    4. 3 only

  12. According to Nyaya, universals are

    1. impermanent

    2. non-real

    3. eternal

    4. both eternal and non-eternal

  13. Which of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

      • Objects divide themselves into classes, thinking things and physical objects
      • Objects are divided into mind and body
      • The qualities or affections are attributed to the objects
      • This is due to interaction between mind and body
      • The essence of mind is to simply think
      • The essence of body is simply to be extended
      • Direct and natural communication between mind and body is there
      • On the occasion of the body being stimulated, God arouses in the mind the appropriate sensation and response.
  14. Who, among the following, holds the view that as the concave and the convex everywhere accompany and involve each other, so thought and extension must be conjoined in a one-to-one correspondence?

    1. Descartes

    2. Berkeley

    3. Spinoza

    4. Leibnitz

  15. Which one of the following statements correctly defines the term panpsychism?

    1. Real is rational and the rational is real

    2. The vital impulse permeates everything that exists

    3. Everything in the universe has a mind, however undeveloped

    4. The universe is constituted by numerous persons