Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice-Test 61 of 90)

  1. In which figure/figures ‘the major premise must be universal’ is a special rule?

    1. Second

    2. First and Second

    3. Third

    4. Fourth

  2. All horses are animals. No dogs are horses. Therefore, no dogs are animals. Which one of the following statements is correct in respect of the above syllogism?

    1. This is valid because of its form

    2. This is invalid because second premise is not true

    3. This is valid because the conclusion is correct

    4. This is invalid because of illicit minor

  3. Consider the following: All mammals are dogs. No dogs are cats. Therefore, no cates are mammals. Which one of the following Venn diagrams represents the syllogism?

    1. N/A

    2. N/A

    3. N/A

    4. N/A

  4. Which one of the following syllogisms is not invalid?

    1. EIO-4

    2. OAO-4

    3. AOO-3

    4. AOO-4

  5. Match List-I (Syllogistic Forms) with List-Il (Venn Diagram) and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists:

    List-I List-II
    1. AEE in IV Figure

    2. AII in II Figure

    3. EIO in II Figure

    4. AAA in I Figure

    1. N/A

    2. N/A

    3. N/A

    4. N/A

    • A
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    • D
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  6. All material bodies are extended. All shadoes are extended. All shadoes are material bodies. The argument involves which fallacy?

    1. Illicit major

    2. Existential fallacy

    3. Undistributed middle

    4. Fallacy of four terms

  7. Which one of the following syllogism is valid?

    1. AAA-II

    2. AII-II

    3. AEE-I

    4. AAA-I

  8. Which one of the following syllogistic forms involves the fallacy of illicit major?

    1. EIO in fourth figure

    2. EAO is second figure

    3. IEO in first figure

    4. IAI in third figure

  9. Whatever is in demand is costly and since on TV sets are in demand, they are not costly. This syllogism commits which fallacy?

    1. Illicitminor

    2. Illicit major

    3. Undistributed middle term

    4. Ambiguous major

  10. Match List-I (Argument) with List-II (Fallacy) and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists

    List-I List-II
    1. I touch the table. The table touches the floor-I touch the floor

    2. All men are mortal. All birds are mortal-All birds are men.

    3. All horses are quadrupeds. No dogs are horses-No dogs are quadrupeds

    4. No humans are perfect. All humans are animals-No animals are perfect

    1. Fallacy of illicit major

    2. Fallacy of undistributed middle

    3. Fallacy of illicit minor

    4. Fallacy of four terms

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
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  11. The 1ST agents were caught with the dreaded RDX and it would have been used either to attack our joint security force or to cause terror among the Kashmiri people. Where I − 1ST agents were caught____ A-It would have been used to attack … T-It would have been used to cause terror…… When we apply the Rule of Distribution to the above, how would it get symbolized?

    1. (I x A) x (A x T)

    2. (I x A) - (I x T)

    3. (I x A) x (I x T)

    4. I-A x I x A

  12. Which one of the following arguments is valid truth functionally?

    1. We'll win, for if they withdraw, if we advance, we'll win; and we will advance

    2. I won't have a second cup Therefore, I won't die if don't have a second cup

    3. It explodes if it's armed and fired. Therefore either it explodes if it's armed, or it explodes if it is fired

    4. Hema is home if Lima is. Therefore, Hema is home just in case Lima is

  13. Which one of the following is the correct symbolization of the statement ‘If men prefer chaste women if and only if chastity is a virtue then men prefer virtuous women’ (p abbreviates ‘men prefer chaste women’ q abbreviates ‘chastity is a virtue’ and r abbreviates ‘men prefer virtuous women’ )?

    1. (p-q) -r

    2. (q-p) -r

    3. (p-q) -r

    4. p- (q-r)

  14. Consider the following statements: According to Jain ethics a free soul attains

    1. Infinite knowledge

    2. Infinite intuition

    3. Infinite power

    4. Infinite bliss

    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    1. 1 and 2 only

    2. 2 and 3 only

    3. 3 and 4 only

    4. 1, 2, 3 and 4 only

  15. Match List-I (Truth Function) with List-II (Equivalent Definition) and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists

    List-I List-II
    1. ~ (p. q)

    2. p-q

    3. p-q

    4. ~ (p. ~ q)

    1. ~ p-q

    2. ~ (p. ~ q)

    3. ~ (p-~ q)

    4. ~ p-q

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