Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice-Test 62 of 90)

  1. The first Noble Truth of Buddha is best started by which one of the following expressions?

    1. Every being in the world is full of suffering

    2. Life is full of misery and pain

    3. There are both joys and sufferings

    4. Every pleasure is accompanied by pain

  2. Which one of the following statement is correct?

    1. A conditional is false whenever its antecedent is false

    2. A conditional is false whenever its consequent is false

    3. A conditional is true whenever its antecedent is true

    4. A conditional is true whenever its antecedent is false

  3. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists:

    List-I List-II
    1. When all the substitution instances are true

    2. When all the substitution instances are false

    3. When at least one of the substitution instances is true and at least one is false

    1. Self-contradictory

    2. Contingent

    3. Tautology

    • A
    • B
    • C
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
  4. Consider the truth-table of the following argument: p-q, ~ p-~ q p q p-p ~ p ~q T T T F F T F F F T F T T T F F F T T T Which one of the following statements is correct? The argument given above is invalid as shown by

    1. first row

    2. second row

    3. third row

    4. fourth row

  5. What is the relation between two propositions if one is the negation of the other, that is, if they cannot both be true and they cannot both be false?

    1. Contradictories

    2. Contraries

    3. Sub alternates

    4. None of the above

  6. Consider the following statements:

    1. Certain things are called ‘gold’ because these are gold.

    2. Certain things are called ‘gold’ because these look like gold.

    3. Certain things are called ‘gold’ because these are not silver.

    4. Certain things are called ‘gold’ because these are called ‘gold’

    Which of the statements given above are representatives of the realist view of universals?

    1. 1, 2 and 3 only

    2. 1, 3 and 4 only

    3. 1 and 2 only

    4. 2, 3 and 4 only

  7. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists:

    List-I List-II
    1. Doubt

    2. Illusion

    3. Indefinite perception

    4. Dream

    1. It is an indefinite cognition in which both alternatives are unmanifest

    2. If appears like perception of unreal objects through the sense organs but it is not a sensory perception

    3. It is an indefinite knowledge in which the mind oscillates between the two memory images

    4. It is a false sensory cognition knowledge which does not apprehend the real nature of an object

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
  8. If A, B and C are true statements and X, Y and Z are false statements, which one of the following false?

    1. ~ A-B

    2. ~ B-X

    3. ~ Y-C

    4. ~ Z-X

  9. Which of the following are associated with eight-fold path of Buddhism?

    1. Samyag smrti (right thought)

    2. Samyag sankalpa (right resolve)

    3. Samyag darsana (right faith)

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    1. 1 and 2 only

    2. 2 and 3 only

    3. 1 and 3 only

    4. 1, 2 and 3 only

  10. Which one of the following is a tautology?

    1. p-~ p

    2. p- (p-p)

    3. p-~ p (~ p-p)

    4. (p-p) -p

  11. Consider the following expressions:

    1. p q = df. ~ (p-~q)

    2. pq = df. ~ (~p-q)

    3. p-q = df. ~ (~ p ~ q)

    4. p-q = df. ~ (p ~q)

    Which of the expression given above are not correct?

    1. 1 and 4 only

    2. 2 and 3 only

    3. 2 and 4 only

    4. 2, 3 and 4 only

  12. Which of the following is/are called disjunctive syllogism (DS)?

    1. p-q ~ p-q

    2. q-p ~ p-q

    3. p-q p-q

    4. p-q p-q

    Select the correct answer using the code given below

    1. 2 only

    2. 1 only

    3. 3 and 4 only

    4. 2 and 4 only

  13. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists:

    List-I List-II
    1. Z- (A-B) -Z- (~ ~ A-B)

    2. (~ F-G) (F-G). - (F-G) (F-G)

    3. O- (P-Q) (Q-P). -O- (P-Q)

    1. Material implication

    2. Double negation

    3. Material equivalence

    • A
    • B
    • C
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
  14. Consider the following:

    1. ~ (p-q) - (~ p ~ q)

    2. (~ p ~ q) - (~ q. ~ p)

    3. ~ (pq) - (~ p-~ q)

    4. ~ ~ p-p

    Which of the above stated rules of replacement are called De Morgan's theorems?

    1. 1 and 2 only

    2. 2 and 3 only

    3. 2 and 4 only

    4. 1 and 3 only

  15. Which one of the following is true according to Gandhi?

    1. The end justifies the means

    2. The means justify the end

    3. ‘Means’ and ‘end’ are convertible terms

    4. Ends are less important than means