Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice-Test 63 of 90)

  1. Which one of the following is a statement of fact?

    1. Sheela thinks that Paris is the most beautiful city in France

    2. What is the colour of a blackbird's legs?

    3. Thou shall not steal

    4. We ought to obey the commands of

    God

  2. Which one of the following is the correct statement? An act is right if and only if it is intended to produce the greatest balance of good over evil is the stand adopted by

    1. a teleologist

    2. a deontologist

    3. an egoist

    4. an emotivist

  3. Deontological theories of ethics are concerned with which one of the following?

    1. Moral rules

    2. Good consequences of actions

    3. Approval by society

    4. Man's desires

  4. ‘Nature has placed mankind under the governance of two govereign masters, pain and pleasure.’ Which one of the following is being advocated by the author?

    1. Epicureanism

    2. Ethical hedonism

    3. Euclemonism

    4. Psychological hedonism

  5. Which one of the following is not correct matched?

    1. The greatest happiness principle: J. S. Mill

    2. The transvaluation of values: F. Nietzsche

    3. Descriptivism: J. Bentham

    4. Intuitionism: G. E. Moore

  6. What does the paradox of hedonism mean?

    1. pleasure are always mixed with pains

    2. Men are driven my both pleasure and pain

    3. The more one runs after pleasure, the less he gets it

    4. Self-love conflicts with altruism

  7. Consider the following statements:

    1. Pleasure of poetry is superior in quality to the pleasure of ice-cream.

    2. Pleasure of poetry is preferable to the pleasure of ice-cream because the fori1ier is more durable than the latter.

    3. The pleasure of the king is more valuable than the pleasure of his servant even when the pleasure of the king is of same quantity as the pleasure of the servant.

    Which of the statements given above is/are acceptable to Bentham?

    1. 1 and 3 only

    2. 2 only

    3. l, 2 and 3

    4. 2 and 3 only

  8. Consider the following statements:

    1. Each person's happiness is desirable.

    2. ‘Each person is to count for one and none for more than one.’

    3. People always desire wealth and knowledge for their own sake.

    4. ‘The general happiness is good to the aggregate of all persons.’

    Which of the statements given above are acceptable to Mill?

    1. 1 and 2 only

    2. 2 and 3 only

    3. 1 and3 only

    4. l, 2 and 4 only

  9. Which one of the following will not form a part of Bentham's ethical theory?

    1. Quantitative calculation of pleasures

    2. Weighing pleasures and pains

    3. Conscience as the ultimate sanction of morality

    4. Rejection of natural law as foundation of morality

  10. Which of the following are correct about Mill's utilitarianism?

    1. Morality does not require a transcendent basis.

    2. It derives support from psychological hedonism.

    3. It allows people to prefer one kind of pleasure over others.

    4. It implies that the question of rightness of an action is not decidable in principle in every case.

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    1. 1 and 2 only

    2. 2 and 3 only

    3. 3 and 4 only

    4. 1, 2 and 3 only

  11. By calling every person an end in itself, what does Kant mean?

    1. It is our duty to promote other people's virtues.

    2. We subordinate other people's wellbeing to our own.

    3. Not even God is ‘allowed’ to treat a person as a mere means.

    4. We are to respect the human dignity.

    Select the correct answer using the code given below

    1. l, 2 and 3 only

    2. l, 3 and 4 only

    3. 2 and 4 only

    4. 3 only

  12. Which one of the following is the correct statement? For Kant, the freedom of will is

    1. an impossible ideal

    2. an analytic truth

    3. a postulate of morality

    4. a posteriori truth

  13. Who believes that the concept of free will must involve causality?

    1. Freewill advocate

    2. Fatalist

    3. Compatibility

    4. Determinist

  14. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists

    List-I List-II
    1. Language used as command, exhortation advice, guidance, etc.

    2. Language used to describe facts, habits and attitudes

    3. Language used for expressing approval, attitude and persuasion

    1. Prescriptive

    2. Descriptive

    3. Emotive

    • A
    • B
    • C
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
  15. Which one of the following is the correct statement? A fallacy occurs when

    1. ‘is’ is deduced from ‘is’

    2. ‘can’ is deduced from ‘ought’

    3. ‘ought’ is deduced from ‘is’

    4. ‘ought’ is deduced from ‘ought’