Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice-Test 64 of 90)

  1. Consider the following argument: ‘Only women are physically capable of bearing and nursing children. Therefore, women ought to be the primary caretakers of children.’ The argument stated above commits which fallacy?

    1. Naturalistic fallacy

    2. Appeal to tradition

    3. Irrelevant conclusion

    4. Hasty generalization

  2. What does R M Hare mean by universal moral principle?

    1. It must have been accepted by everybody always

    2. It is enforced by the provision of law

    3. It must be the proclamation of a universal religion

    4. It is a moral principle for somebody in some situation, then it is a moral principle for others in similar circumstances.

  3. Consider the following statements:

    1. Moral judgements are neither true nor false.

    2. Moral judgements involve, principles.

    3. Moral judgement are universalizable.

    4. Meaningful discussion is not possible on moral judgements.

    Which of the statements given above are acceptable to R M Hare?

    1. 1 and 4 only

    2. 2 and 3 only

    3. l, 2 and 3 only

    4. 2, 3 and 4 only

  4. Which one of the following considers that value judgements entail imperatives?

    1. Descriptivism

    2. Emotivism

    3. Prescriptivism

    4. Intuitionism

  5. Who used the notion of persuasive definition?

    1. AJ Ayer

    2. CL Stevenson

    3. Hare

    4. Moore

  6. Which one of the following is the correct statement? According to AJ Ayer, a moral judgement given by at individual regarding an action is

    1. a statement about his feelings of approval or disapproval regarding the action

    2. a statement about the moral value of the action

    3. a statement about the approval or disapproval of the society regarding the action

    4. the expression of his emotions of approval or disapproval regarding the action

  7. Which of the following correctly describe (s) Sthitaprajni according to ‘Gita’

    1. He by self abides in the self and has found joy, satisfaction and peace in self.

    2. He has given up all his desires.

    3. He is not affected by pain, pleasure, passion, fear and anger.

    4. He has withdrawn all his senses from the attraction of other objects.

    Select the correct answer using the code given below

    1. 1, 2, 3 and 4

    2. 2 and 3 only

    3. 1 and 2 only

    4. 1 only

  8. Tn Niskama-karmayoga of the ‘Gita’ ‘Karma’ is to be understood as which of the following?

    1. The action chosen by oneself

    2. The action prescribed according to Varna and Asrama

    3. The action obligated by custom

    4. Any action

  9. Consider the following in reference to Kant's thinking:

    • Assertion (A): Autonomy of the will is the supreme principle of morality.
    • Reason (R): We can only think of autonomy as member of the intelligible world (Noumena). As members of the sensible world we have no freedom.

    Codes:

    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): There is a lack of entailment relation between description and prescription.
    • Reason (R): Description and prescription have different logical functions in language
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

  10. Assertion (A). Simultaneity of cognitions is impossible according to the Naiyayika. Reason (R): Atomicity of mind (manas) does not allow different cognitions to be perceived at one time.

    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

  11. According to Berkeley

    • Assertion (A): There can no more be an abstract idea of a triangle than there can be an abstract triangle.
    • Reason (R): A non-specific mental image of a triangle is a mental fiction.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Knowledge according to the Advaita Vedantin is self-validating despite its not being self-revealing.
    • Reason (R): For the Vedantins, external validation of cognition leads to an infinite regress.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): An argument is a group of propositions of which one, the conclusion, is clear to follow from others, which a premises.
    • Reason (R): Propositions are typically stated in declarative sentences in an argument.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Some idealists are fanatics.
    • Reason (R): All reformers are idealists and some reformers are fanatics.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true