Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice-Test 66 of 90)

  1. In a valid categorical syllogism ‘O’ is the major premise only in which one of the following?

    1. First figure

    2. Second figure

    3. Third figure

    4. Fourth figure

  2. If the major premise of a valid categorical syllogism is particular, the minor premise must be which one of the following?

    1. A

    2. E

    3. I

    4. O

  3. Some reformers are fanatics, so some idealists are fanatics, since all reformers are idealists. The above argument's validity or invalidity can be tested by which one of the following Venn diagrams?

    1. N/A

    2. N/A

    3. N/A

    4. N/A

  4. Which one of the following statements is not acceptable to J S Mill?

    1. Man desires his own pleasure

    2. Man ought to desire pleasure of all

    3. Virtue is good in itself

    4. Instead of counting the pleasure and pain to be produced by our action, man in practice, should follow moral rules

  5. ‘If you run after pleasure, you will fail to get it.’ This is which one of the following paradoxes?

    1. Paradox of egoism

    2. Paradox of altruism

    3. Paradox of rigorism

    4. Paradox of hedonism

  6. Which one of the following statements is not acceptable to Bentham?

    1. An ethical standard must be an objective standard

    2. An ethical standard must be free from all religious beliefs

    3. An ethical standard should be capable of guiding legislators

    4. Reason alone can provide an objective ethical standard

  7. Consider the following statements: The principle of ‘the greatest happiness of the greatest number’ is

    1. a principle of compassion

    2. a principle of utility

    3. an altruistic principle

    4. a teleological principle

    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    1. 1 and 2 only

    2. 3 and 4 only

    3. 2, 3 and 4 only

    4. 1, 3 and 4 only

  8. ‘Quantity of pleasure being equal, pushpin is as good as poetry.’ With which one of the following is the above statement not consistent?

    1. Mental pleasures are different in kind from physical pleasures

    2. Difference in quality makes no difference to goodness of pleasures

    3. Pleasures are measurable in terms of quantity

    4. Intensity is a criterion of choosing among pleasures

  9. ‘Human nature is so constituted that it desires nothing but pleasure as an end. When it desires something else, it is because that thing is either part of or a means, to pleasure.’ To whom is this view attributed?

    1. Bentham

    2. Mill

    3. Moore

    4. Sidgwick

  10. Which one of the following statements is not correct?

    1. Psychological hedonism is unpsychological

    2. There is necessary connection between psychological hedonism and ethical hedonism

    3. Whatever is desired is not desirable

    4. Teleological theories in ethics are known as consequentialist theories

  11. Which one of the following statements goes against psychological hedonism?

    1. Gratification of every desire gives pleasure

    2. Imagined or experienced pleasantness of an object of desire strengthens the desire

    3. There is such a thing as desire for pleasure

    4. Desire for pleasure may be superseded by the desire for other things

  12. What is not implied in the concept of moral freedom?

    1. Acts of deliberate moral choice cannot be predicted

    2. Actions are uncaused

    3. Repenting over past misdeeds is genuine

    4. Character can be changed

  13. Which one of the following statements is correct? Deontological theories hold that breaking promise is wrong because

    1. its consequences are harmful to the society

    2. its consequences are harmful to the person who breaks a promise

    3. it is not approved by society

    4. it is wrong by its nature

  14. Each person possesses an inviolability founded on justice that even the welfare of the society as a whole cannot override. Which type (s) of philosophers would advocate this thesis?

    1. A teleologist

    2. A deontologist

    3. Both teleologist and deontologist

    4. Neither a teleologist nor a deontologist

  15. Which of the following meanings of ‘right’ is/are moral one (s)?

    1. ‘Right’ means that which is suited to achieving the goal

    2. ‘Right’ means that which is legally sanctioned

    3. ‘Right’ means that which ought to be done

    Select the correct answer using the code given below

    Code:

    1. 1 and 2 only

    2. 2 and 3 only

    3. 1 only

    4. 3 only