Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice-Test 67 of 90)

  1. Consider the following statements:

    1. Good and pleasure are identifiable.

    2. The action is right which promotes individuals'own greatest good.

    3. Rightness of an action is determined by the act only.

    4. Good can be identified with power, self-realization, etc.

    Which of the statements given above is/are correct according to teleologist?

    1. 1 and 3 only

    2. 3 only

    3. 1 and 2 only

    4. 1, 2 and 4 only

  2. Which one of the following statements is correct? ‘X is yellow’ and ‘X is good’ are

    1. grammatically similar yet their logical import and behavior are entirely different

    2. grammatically dissimilar and their logical import and behavior are entirely different

    3. grammatically similar and their logical import and behavior are entirely same

    4. grammatically dissimilar yet their logical import and behavior are entirely same

  3. Consider the following statements:

    1. Smoking in many places has been banned.

    2. Smoking is injurious to health.

    3. It is wrong to smoke.

    4. Smokers should be punished severely.

    Which of the statements given above are statements of value?

    1. 1 and 3 only

    2. 2 and 3 only

    3. 2 and 4 only

    4. 3 and 4 only

  4. Which one of the following is a moral judgment?

    1. Most Indian workers are honest

    2. Honesty is desirable

    3. Most men think that dishonesty is wrong

    4. Honesty pays in the long run

  5. Which one of the following is not a tautology?

    1. ~ (pq) - (~ p ~ q)

    2. ~p- (p-q)

    3. [ (p-q) -p]-p

    4. p- (q-p)

  6. If the truth values of A, B and C are not known, then what will be the truth value of [ (A-) A-C]- (B. ~ B)?

    1. Impossible to determine

    2. True

    3. False

    4. Without knowing the truth value of C, it is impossible to determine the truth value of the given expression

  7. The knowledge that there is no pot on the floor can be best expressed according to Nyaya-Vaisesika in which one of the following ways?

    1. I don't see a pot on the floor

    2. I see floor alone

    3. I see the absence of a pot on the floor

    4. I see floor to be different from a potpossessing object

  8. ‘The living bodies possess souls because they possess functions such as breathing.’ Nyaya-Vaisesikas classify this inference as which one of the following?

    1. Asadharana anaikantika

    2. Kevalanvayi

    3. Kelavavyatireki

    4. Anvaya-vyatireki

  9. Which one of the following characteristics truly defines the nature of Mind (manas) in Nyaya-Vaisesika System?

    1. It is spread over all the senses simultaneously

    2. It is physical in nature

    3. It limits the cognition of only one object at a time

    4. It is identical with the soul

  10. According to Carvakas, inference is not a valid source of knowledge because

    1. inference requires vyapti which cannot be established

    2. the validity of inference cannot be known by perception

    3. the need to use inference does not arise due to repeated sense experiences

    4. inference is used only to defeat the opponent in a debate

  11. ‘We do not reject all anumanas, but only those anumanas which cannot be confirmed through perception.’ Which one of the following schools holds this view?

    1. The School of Carvakas called Susiksita Carvakas

    2. The School of Carvakas called Dhurta Carvakas

    3. Sautranika School of Buddhism

    4. Vaibhasika School of Buddhism

  12. Which one of the following interpretations of the statement ‘This is a chair’ suits Buddhist approach to universals most?

    1. This has chairness

    2. This belongs to the class of chairs

    3. This is other than non-chairs

    4. This is a composite whole which can be used for sitting

  13. According to Buddhism, particulars are real whereas universals are unreal, because

    1. particulars are objects of pramana, whereas universals are not

    2. particular have causal efficacy, whereas universals do not

    3. particulars have common features among themselves, where universals do not

    4. particulars are changing, whereas universals are constant.

  14. Samavayatva is not a jati according to Nyaya-Vaisesikas. Which of the following are the appropriate reasons?

    1. Samavaya is done

    2. All Samavayas are identical

    3. Samavayas overlap with each other

    4. The relation between Samavaya and Samavayatva can not be explained.

    5. Accepting Samavayatva as jati leads to infinite regress.

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    Code:

    1. 1 and 4 only

    2. 2 and 3 only

    3. 2 and 5 only

    4. 1 and 5 only

  15. Nyaya-Vaiseikas do not accept both bhutatva and murtatva as jatis (but accept only one of them as jati), because there is samkara (overlap) between the two characteristics. Which one of the following is not relevant to this samkara?

    1. Atman, Kala and Dik are neither bhuta nor murta

    2. Prthvi, Ap, Tejas and Vayu are both bhuta and murta

    3. Manas is murta but not bhuta

    4. Akasa is bhuta but not murta