Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice-Test 68 of 90)

  1. Which one of the following is correct about Descartes'view?

    1. ‘Cogito’ is incorrigible and certain but ‘Sum’ is not

    2. ‘Sum’ is incorrigible and certain but ‘Cogito’ is not.

    3. Both ‘Cogito’ and ‘Sum’ are certain and incorrigible

    4. Neither ‘Cogito’ nor ‘Sum’ are certain and incorrigible

  2. Which one of the following is not true of Spinoza's Substance or God?

    1. God or Substance is an individual out of which all seeming individuals (which are modifications of the single substance) are constituted

    2. God or Substance is infinite, selfcaused and exists necessarily

    3. Thought and extension are the only two essential attributes possessed by God or Substance

    4. Since God or Substance is self-caused, its essence involves its existence

  3. Which one of the following statements regarding Berkeley's criticism of abstract ideas is not true?

    1. Only a very few abstract ideas actually correspond to abstract general images

    2. An idea can resemble only another idea

    3. A true nominalist is more strongly against a realist than against a conceptualist on supporting abstract ideas

    4. A strict empiricist is logically drawn towards the rejection of abstract ideas

  4. Consider the following statements with regard to Aristotle's view on universals:

    1. The term ‘universal’ means that which is predicated of many subjects, while ‘individual’ means that which is not predicated of any subject.

    2. The problem of universals is concerned with the meanings of proper names, class-names and adjectives.

    3. A proper name signifies a substance, while what is signified by an adjective or a class-name is called a ‘universal’

    4. There is the universal ‘sweetness’ or ‘parenthood’ only because there are individual sweet things or parents.

    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    1. 1, 2 and 3 only

    2. 2, 3 and 4 only

    3. 1, 3 and 4 only

    4. 1 and 4 only

  5. Which one of the following statements is not correct according to Plato?

    1. The Universal resides in the eternal and transcendent world of ideas

    2. The Universal is prior to particulars

    3. The Universal is a concrete individual

    4. The Universal is non-spatial and nontemporal

  6. Which one of the following is not acceptable to Ramanuja?

    1. A thing may be a substance as well as an attribute

    2. Knowledge is both a substance and an attribute

    3. The self is both self-luminous and selfconscious

    4. Knowledge is self-luminous as well as self-conscious

  7. Which one of the following is the correct statement? According to Buddha, suffering ceases when

    1. Buddha's grace descends upon us

    2. the soul is discriminated from the body

    3. we enter into vanaprastha

    4. ignorance is dispelled by right knowledge

  8. In Buddhist ethics, the Dvadasanidana is linked with the noble truth concerning which one of the following?

    1. Suffering

    2. Origin of suffering

    3. Removal of suffering

    4. Way to removal of suffering

  9. Which one of the following is not part of the doctrine of Dvadasacakra nidana?

    1. Avidya

    2. Samskara

    3. Vijnana

    4. Samadhi

  10. The rules of conduct and discipline of the samgha as stated by Buddha are collected in which one of the following?

    1. Sutta pitaka

    2. Abhidhamma pitaka

    3. Milinda panho

    4. Vinaya pitaka

  11. Consider the following statements: Gandhi says that truth is God because

    1. the objective validity of the concept of truth cannot be

    2. doubted

    3. even the atheist will concede that there is truth

    4. scepticism regarding truth defeats itself

    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

    1. 1 and 3 only

    2. 2 and 3 only

    3. 1, 2 and 3

    4. 1 only

  12. Which one of the following is not consistent with Gandhi's view of Truth?

    1. Truth is what the voice within tells you

    2. Truth is by nature not self-evident

    3. Abstract truth has value

    4. Ahimsa is the means: Truth is end

  13. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists:

    List-I (Philosophy) List-II (Theory)
    1. Jainism

    2. Buddhism

    3. Bhagawad Gita

    4. Gandhism

    1. Avidya is the root cause of bondage

    2. Sthitaprajana

    3. The ultimate end of non-violence is sure victory

    4. Bhava bondha and Dravya bondha

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
    • Assertion (A): According to Nyaya-Vaisesika, body and soul come together to form a living creature in virtue of their common property of unconsciousness.
    • Reason (R): Both body and soul are basically unconscious.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): According to Sankara, Nondual Brahman is the ultimate reality.
    • Reason (R): Anupalabdhi negates the reality of this world.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true