Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice-Test 7 of 90)

  1. According to Berkeley, it is possible for us to

    1. have some notion of spirit

    2. perceive spirit

    3. have an idea of spirit

    4. doubt the existence of spirit

  2. Who, among the following western philosophers attempted to refute ‘Matter’

    1. Kant

    2. Berkeley

    3. Locke

    4. Hume

  3. Which one of the following statements is true from the formal logician's point of view?

    1. If the conclusion is true and the argument valid, then the premises must be true

    2. If the premises are true and the argument valid, then the conclusion must be true

    3. If the argument is valid then both the premises and the conclusion must be true

    4. If the premises are false and the argument is valid then conclusion must be false

  4. ‘Mr. Srivastava teaches Mathematics to post graduate classes’ is an example of

    1. subject-predicate propostion

    2. hypothetical proposition

    3. relational proposition

    4. class-membership propostion

  5. In which one of the following propositions are both the subject and predicate terms undistributed?

    1. all that glitters is not gold

    2. That which glitters can never be gold

    3. That which glitters is often gold

    4. Only that which glitters is gold

  6. Which one pair of the following propositions is mutually contradictory?

    1. P-Q: ~ (~ P-Q)

    2. Q-R: ~ Q-~~ R

    3. (P. Q) -R: P- (Q-R)

    4. P-Q: (P. Q) - (~ P. ~ Q)

  7. Which one of the following relation (s) between propositions in modern logic?

    1. Contrary

    2. Sub-contrary and Contrary

    3. Contradictory and Sub-contrary

    4. Contradictory

  8. Which one of the following valid syllogistic forms has its middle term distributed in both premises?

    1. EAE in secone figure

    2. AII in third figure

    3. IAI in fourth figure

    4. None of the above

  9. Consider the following propositions:

    1. Some natives of Africa do not have curly hair

    2. All negroes have curly hair

    3. Some natives of Africa are not negroes

    The correct arrangement of these propositions in a valid syllogism of standard form would be:

    1. 3 2 1-

    2. 3 1 2-

    3. 1 2 3-

    4. 1 3 2-

  10. Consider the following statements:

    1. All selfish men are ignorant

    2. All important men are unhappy

    3. All selfish men are greedy

    4. All selfish men are unhappy

    5. All politicians are greedy

    6. All politicians are selfish

    The set of above statements representing a valid argument includes

    1. 3 4 6

    2. 1 3 5

    3. 2 1 4

    4. 3 5 6

  11. In which one of the following Venn's diagrams represents the validity of the syllogism. All ghosts are fictitious entities, no teacher is a fictitious entity, therefore no teacher is a ghost?

    1. I and II

    2. II and III

    3. III and IV

    4. I and III

  12. Which one of the following Venn's diagrams represents the validity of the syllogism. ‘All ghosts are fictions entities, no teacher is a frictions entity, therefore no teacher is a ghost’

    1. S P M

    2. S P M

    3. S P M

    4. S P M

  13. Which one of the following diagrams correctly symbolises the argument: ‘All artists are egoists. Some artists are paupers. Therefore some paupers are egoists’ (Scheme of abbreviations: P = Paupers, E = Egoists, A = Artists)?

    1. P E X A

    2. P E X A

    3. P E X A

    4. P E X A

  14. Consider the following argument: No names come in contradictory pairs: All predicables come in contradictory pairs; therefore, no name is a predicable. Which one of the following fallacies, if any, is involved in the above argument?

    1. Illicit major

    2. Illicit minor

    3. Undistributed middle

    4. None of the above

  15. Which one of the following syllogistic forms involves the fallacy of undistributed middle?

    1. AAA in third figure

    2. IEO in first figure

    3. IAA in third figure

    4. AAA in second figure