Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice-Test 70 of 90)

  1. Which one of the following doctrines holds that ‘bodies act as if there were no souls, and souls act as if there were no bodies, and both act as if each influenced the other’

    1. Interactionism

    2. Occasionalism

    3. Psycho-physical parallelism

    4. Pre-established harmony

  2. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists:

    List-I (Philosopher) List-II (View)
    1. Leibniz

    2. Berkeley

    3. Descartes

    4. Spinoza

    1. The soul, evolving spontaneously, always expresses the entire state of the universe according to the relation of other bodies to its own

    2. Neither secondary qualities nor primary qualities exist independently of mind

    3. Human being is a kind of union of two distinct things: The mind and the body, the body being a part of mechanical nature, the mind being a pure thinking substance

    4. Mind and body are identical because thought and extension are two attributes under which the one substance is conceived

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
  3. Which one of the following statements is not correct according to Berkeley?

    1. We do not understand what is meant by saying that matter supports qualities

    2. We cannot know that substances exist without the mind, either by sense or by reason

    3. It is possible that we might be affected with all the ideas we have now, though there were no bodies existing out-side

    4. The supposition of material substance makes it easier to explain how sensations are produced in us

  4. Consider the following statements:

    1. According to Mill, good will alone is good.

    2. According to Mill, good action is that which is performed for the greatest good of greatest number.

    3. According to Kant, we should do our duty for the good of the society.

    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

    1. 1 and 2 only

    2. 2 and 3 only

    3. 2 only

    4. 1 and 3 only

  5. Which one of the following is the correct statement? According to Kant, a will is good when it acts out of reverence for

    1. the God

    2. the humanity

    3. the society

    4. the law

  6. Which one of the following statements is not acceptable to Kant?

    1. Moral consciousness presupposes freedom of the will

    2. Rational moral agents can have genuine differences about moral decisions

    3. Moral consciousness presupposes the immortality of the soul

    4. The moral law is a command of reason

  7. Kant's claim that ‘Good will is good without qualification’ amounts to which of the following?

    1. Good will is good in itself.

    2. Good will is good irrespective of its consequences.

    3. Good will, when added to another good thing, prevents it from being bad.

    Select the correct answer using the code given below

    Code:

    1. 1 only

    2. 1 and 2 only

    3. 2 only

    4. 1, 2 and 3

  8. According to Kant, which of the following statements about freedom of will are correct?

    1. Freedom is presupposed by morality.

    2. To be free means that one is determined by nothing but oneself

    3. There is compatibility between free will and arbitrariness

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    Code:

    1. 1 and 2 only

    2. 2 and 3 only

    3. 1 and 3 only

    4. 1, 2 and 3

  9. Which one of the following statements is not correct?

    1. Freedom of will is a postulate of morality

    2. Freedom is a precondition for ascribing moral responsibility

    3. Without freedom moral praise or blame becomes meaningless

    4. The notion of punishment denies freedom

  10. Which one of the following is not acceptable to G. E. Moore?

    1. Goodness is a natural quality

    2. Goodness is an unanalysable simple quality

    3. A good is a complex thing

    4. Goodness cannot be apprehended through senses

  11. Consider the following statements:

    1. The function of moral language is to guide.

    2. A value term has descriptive meaning only.

    3. A value term has both descriptive and prescriptive meaning.

    4. A value term has prescriptive meaning only.

    Which of the statements given above are acceptable to R M Hare?

    1. 1 and 4 only

    2. 1 and 3 only

    3. 1 and 2 only

    4. 3 and 4 only

  12. Which of the following statements represent R M Hare's views on the nature of moral judgments?

    1. The commendatory meaning of ‘good’ is the primary one.

    2. The descriptive meaning of ‘good’ does not change from case to case.

    3. There is universalizability built into the meaning of ‘good’

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    Code:

    1. 1 and 2 only

    2. 2 and 3 only

    3. 1 and 3 only

    4. 1, 2 and 3

  13. Which one of the following is maintained by the emotivists?

    1. There are moral facts but they are neither true nor false

    2. There are no moral facts that are either true or false

    3. There are moral facts and they are either true or false

    4. Moral judgments. Are essentially descriptive of emotive attitudes

  14. Which one of the following is the correct statement? Niskamakarma is that action

    1. which is done for the sake of doing it

    2. which is performed without motivation or intention

    3. the consequences of which are not known

    4. the consequences of which one is not obsessed with

  15. Consider the following statements:

    1. Karmayoga and jnanayoga are entirely separate paths.

    2. Bhaktiyoga is included both in karmayoga and in jnanoyoga

    3. One should fight the battle of life with unagitated mind dedicating all actions to God.

    4. Self-perfection is not possible through karmayoga alone.

    Which of the statements given above is/are not included in the teachings of the

    Gita?

    1. 1, 2 and 4 only

    2. 1 only

    3. 3 and 4 only

    4. 1 and 4 only