Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice-Test 78 of 90)

  1. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

    List-I (Concepts) List-II (Meanings)
    1. Asteya

    2. Avyayam padam

    3. Aparigraha

    4. Brahmacarya

    1. Abstention from sensuality

    2. Non-stealing

    3. The imperishable state

    4. Non-possession

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
  2. Which one of the following features of Jaina ethics does NOT reflect its true position?

    1. Jainism enjoins the observance of five vows

    2. Jainism enjoins three kinds of restraint

    3. Jainism enjoins ten kinds of Vrata

    4. Jainsim regards God-realisation as the ultimate ideal of human life

  3. The cause of bondage according to the Jainism is

    1. Indulgence in sensual pleasure

    2. Immoral acts

    3. Attachment to worldly objects

    4. Influx of matter into the soul

  4. Which one of following is true of Buddhism?

    1. Nirvana can be achieved only in this life

    2. Nirvana can be achieved only in the life after death

    3. Nirvana can be achieved both in this life and life after death

    4. Nirvana can be achieved be the grace of the Tathagata

  5. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

    List-I List-II
    1. Vedana

    2. Upadana

    3. Sadayatana

    4. Vijn%ana

    1. Clinging to enjoyment

    2. Six-sense organs including mind

    3. Initial consciousness of the embryo

    4. Sense-experience

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
  6. Prat ityasamutpada is associated with

    1. Duhkha

    2. Duhkha samudaya

    3. Duhkha-Nirodha

    4. Duhkha-Nirodha-Marg

  7. ‘Samyak smrti’ or ‘Right remembrance’ means

    1. Remembering the words of Buddhist saints

    2. Remembering the real meaning of Buddhist scriptures

    3. Remembering the real nature of mind and body

    4. Remembering the real nature of self

  8. Which of the following statements are associated with Gandhiji's concept of truth?

    1. truth is an ontological category.

    2. truth is an ethical category.

    3. truth is only a property of statements

    Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

    Codes:

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 1 and 2

    3. 2 and 3

    4. 1 and 3

  9. Which one of the following statements does NOT truly reflect Gandhiji's philosophy of life?

    1. Hate the sin and not the sinner

    2. Non-violence is an active moral fight against wickedness

    3. Violence is not always wrong

    4. Punishment should always be retributive

    • Assertion (A): Spinoza believed that there is only one substance.
    • Reason (R): Substance, according to

    Spinoza, is that which exists in itself and is conceived by itself it self independent of any-thing else.

    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is false

    • Assertion (A): Berkeley believed that there is God.
    • Reason (R): Berkeley believed that things of the world would continue to exist because God would perceive them even if no human being would be there to perceive.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is false

    • Assertion (A): Maya according to Advaita vedanta, is indescribable.
    • Reason (R): Maya cannot be known by any valid means.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is false

    • Assertion (A): Ramanuja adopted a kind of realistic epistemology.
    • Reason (R): He says that the object of knowledge as well as that of illusion is real.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is false

    • Assertion (A): According to Advaita Vedanta to know Brahman is to be Brahman.
    • Reason (R): There is a relation of nondifference between Atman and Brahman.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is false

    • Assertion (A): Akhyativada holds that error is due to non-discrimination between the two cognitions of separate objects.
    • Reason (R): Error is due to a wrong synthesis of the presented and the represented objects.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is false